Misleading Pieces

On the following pages I will discuss the problems of identification caused by replacements for Ridgway services made by other manufacturers, copies of Ridgway designs by other firms, and puzzle pieces that may or may not be by one or other of the Ridgway factories.
The occurences when the various Ridgway partnerships bought in blanks from other firms are mentioned in the main listings under the relevant pattern.
I also present patterns from other factories whose wares have been mistaken for Ridgway at times.

 

Replacements

Copies

Puzzles

 

Other Manufacturers

 

Alcock / Duke

Booths

Clews

Coalport

Dudson

Grainger, Worcester

Hamilton & Moore

Machin

Mason's

Minton

New Hall

Rockingham Brameld

Yates

 

Replacements

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405 Saucer. 'Bute' shape. Bone china. 405
2/1063 Saucer and cup. 'Royal' shape. Bone china. 2/1063

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Copies

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Pan Jugs Genuine blue jug compared with earthenware copy with green highlighting. Pan copy

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Puzzles

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Flower Pot Flower pot & stand. Bone china. White sprigs of Chariot type. Overglaze pale green ground. Flower pot

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Other Manufacturers

 

Samuel Alcock & Co. / Sir James Duke & Nephews

Samuel Alcock, Cobridge c.1828-53, Hill Pottery, Burslem, c.1830-59.
Sir James Duke & Nephews, Hill Pottery, Burslem, c.1860-3.
Hill Pottery Co. (Ltd.), Burslem, c.1861-7.

Samuel Alcock produced fine bone china as well as earthenwares. His china has often been mistaken for Ridgway because the factory used fractional pattern numbering. The shapes are, however, quite different, and the style of gilding has a flavour unique to the factory. Whereas Ridgway pattern numbers are generally, but not exclusively, painted in iron-red, Alcock numbers can be in iron-red, but more generally are in puce, or in one of the border colours used on the item being numbered. The numbers are also done with a boldness generally absent from Ridgway numbering, and often contain an "N." or "No." to the left of the lower part of the number.

Numbered Moulded Jugs

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116 Jug. Parian with lilac slip. Breach of Acre commemorating Sir Sidney Smith and the seige of 1799. 116
117 Jug with Britannia metal lid. Parian with lilac slip. Portland Vase. 117

Numbered Bone China

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625 Sugar box, creamer, tea cup & saucer. Melting Snow border shape. Bone china. Dark blue & gilt vine border. Gilt edge, top of knop, tracing on handles. 625
4880 Dessert plate. Leaning Rose shape. Bone china. Grey, white & gilt border with gilt leaves & grape bunches hanging over shoulder. Multicoloured hand-painted floral centre. Gilt edge line. 4880
6067 Sugar box. Bone china. Hanging reserves in Mazarin blue & gilt. Gilt knob, tracing on edge mouldings & handles, foot line. 6067
6142 Trio. Rustice bean handle. Bone china. Chinoiserie style outline print in blue filled Mazarin Blue, iron-red, rose, yellow-green, blue-green, buff, straw, purple. Opaque orange highlights. Lustre edge. 6142
6173 Coffee cup & saucer. Rustic Bean handle. Bone china. Pale blue border, with flower heads in cream, iron-red, & blue-green. Gilt highlighting, edge, scrolling round cup, spike on handle. 6173
7530 Vase. Bone china. Marone ground with cream, straw, turquoise, and gilt. Multicoloured hand-painted landscape both sides. 7530
8854 Bread & butter dish. Bone china. Beige, straw & gilt border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted flower group. Gilt edge, tracing on handles. 8854
9624 Tea cup & saucer. Rustic Bean handle. Bone china. Gilt, grey & buff border with hanging grey & gilt flowers & leaves. Gilt edge, foot ring, leafy sine wave round cup, detailing on handle. 9624
9851 Coffee cup & saucer. Bone china. Yellow green, straw, and gilt border of leaves and flower heads with some leaves dropping into centre. Irregular gilt inner border with row of gilt commas. Gilt edge, sprig centre, spriggy sine wave round cup, foot line, acanthus detailing on handle. 9851
1/4034 Short dessert comport. Bone china. Salmon beige border highlighted with a band of gilding. Centre multicoloured hand-painted landscape. Gilt edge, band round underside, foot ring. Salmon beige & gilt band round foot. 1/4034
2/253 Vase, Bone china. Overall white & gilt. The principal reserve has a multicoloured hand-painted view of "Little Falls, Mohawk River". The other reserve has a view of an ecclesiastical building by water. 2/253
2/2633 Water sprinkler. Bone china. Yellow green ground with straw and gilt detailing. Multicoloured hand-painted flower sprig each side. Gilt edge, foot, detailing on handle. 2/2633
2/3382 Three dessert plates. Horn of plenty shape. Bone china. Mazarin blue, straw and gilt border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted flower group. Gilt edge. 2/3382
2/5463 Two leaf dessert dishes. Horn of plenty shape. Bone china. Green, straw, and gilt border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted flower group. Gilt edge, tracing on handle. 2/5463
2/5545 Leaf dessert dish. Horn of plenty shape. Bone china. Mazarin blue, straw and gilt border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted flower group. Gilt edge, tracing on handle. 2/5545
2/5635 Vase. Bone china. Yellow green ground with straw and gilt detailing. Reserve on one side a landscape, on the other a floral group. Gilding inside top. 2/5635
2/6296 Pair of dessert plates. Horn of plenty shape. Bone china. Mazarin blue, straw and gilt border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted flower group. Gilt edge. 2/6296
2/6559 Meat dish. Bone china. Pale brown border with inner edge of straw & gilt leaf scrolls with white, gilt & yellow green leaves. Centre large multicoloured hand-painted flower group. Gilt edge. 2/6559
2/7143 Pair of dessert plates. Horn of plenty shape. Bone china. Drab stone border with flower heads and spiralling in gilt. Multicoloured hand-painted floral centre. Gilt edge. 2/7143
2/8053 Leaf dessert dish. Bone china. Grey, straw & gilt border. Multicoloured hand-painted floral centre. Gilt dontillated edge, tracing on handle. Gilt foot line. 2/8053
3/925 Dessert plate. Bone china. Flame red border with reserves of gilt, white, yellow-green, and dark blue radiating from centre gilt ring. Centre multicolored hand-painted flower group. Gilt edge. 3/925
3/9116 Vase. Bone china. Flame red ground with cream, turquoise, & gilt contrasts. Large reserve on one side filled with multicoloured hand-painted view of children at play near a river entitled "The Holiday". 3/9116
3/9199 Dessert plate. Bone china. Neo-classical printed scene with two multicoloured figures against a black background. Brown and black arcaded shoulder band. Broad blue border with stylised printed acanthus groups in white and buff. Edge band in buff and cream. 3/9199
4/641 Chamber stick. Bone china. Dark green ground. Straw & gilt mouldings & taper holder neck. 4/641
4/5704 Dessert plate. Bone china. Pink border with white & gilt outer band and gilt inner band. Multicoloured landscape centre. 4/5704
4/6303 Comport. Bone china. Shoulder band of turquoise with gilt lines at edges. Gilt arcaded border inside band. Central floral sprig, and band of flowers on border hand-painted in pink, yellow green & turquoise. Gilt wide & narrow bands at edge. 4/6303
6/4357 Tea cup & saucer. Bone china. Peach ground with intricate plant-like gilding. Oval reserves bounded gilt with multicoloured hand-painted landscapes. Gilt edge, foot line, leafy edge inside cup, detailing on handle. 6/4357

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Booths

Thomas Booth & Son, Tunstall, 1872-1876
Thomas G. Booth, Tunstall, 1876-1883
T. G. & F. Booth, Tunstall, 1883-1891
Booths Ltd., Tunstall, 1891-1948
Booths & Colcloughs Ltd., Tunstall & Longton, 1948-54
Ridgway, Adderley, Booths, & Colcloughs Ltd., Jan.1955-Feb.1955
Ridgway Potteries Ltd., Feb.1955-1964
Allied English Potteries Ltd., 1964-Dec.1972

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"Pompadour" Jug. Earthenware. Print copying Job Ridgway & Sons "Japan Opaque China" Pattern 767. Pompadour

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Clews

Ralph & James Clews, Cobridge Works, Cobridge, 1818-1834

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Bacchanalian Boys Jug. Brown coloured stoneware with white sprigs. Bacchanalian Boys style sprigging. Smear glaze outside, full glaze inside. Bacchanalian Boys
Butterfly and Trellis Dessert plate or twiffler. Earthenware. Butterfly and Trellis print (copying J&W Ridgway) in black. Butterfly and Trellis

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Coalport

John Rose & Co., Coalport, 1795-1880.
Coalport China Co., Coalport, 1880-1925.

Coalport china has often been mistaken for Ridgway because the factory used fractional pattern numbering. The fractional numbering, however, never has more than three figures below the line, is usually in gilt, and is often written at right angles to the foot rim.

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2/138 Saucer. Bone china. Burgundy ground with reserves of multicoloured fantastic birds. Gilt edge, rococo edging to reserves, star in wreath centre, tracing on edge moulding. 2/138
2/428 Coffee cup & saucer. 'No.7' shape. Green, straw & gilt border with reserves with multicoloured hand-painted landscapes. Gilt edge, star centre, floral band round cup, detailing on handle. 2/428
3/215 Tea cup & saucer. 'Adelaide' shape. Bone china. Grey and gilt border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted landscape. Gilt edge, foot ring, flower groups on side of cup, tracing on handle. 3/215
3/250 Tea cup & saucer. 'Adelaide' shape. Bone china. Grey, drab, and gilt border. Gilt star centre, edge, foot ring, complex band round cup, tracing on handle. 3/250
3/793 Dessert plate. Rococo edge shape. Bone china. Mazarin blue & gilt border with white reserves. Centre and reserves have printed flower groups filled with multicoloured enamels. 3/793
4/158 Tea cup & saucer. Moulded leaf edge shape. Bone china. Drab & gilt border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted flower group. Gilt edge, foot line, complex pattern round cup, tracing on handle. 4/158
4/195 Dessert plate. Rococo edge shape. Bone china. Grey & leafy gilt border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted flower group. 4/195
4/966 Dessert plate. Rococo edge shape. Bone china. Gilt & white border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted flower group. 4/966
5/459 Dessert plate. Rococo edge shape. Bone china. Peach & gilt border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted flower group. 5/459
5/461 Dessert plate. Rococo edge shape. Bone china. Buff & gilt border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted specimen flower. 5/461
5/611 Dessert plate. Bone china. Sky blue & gilt border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted flower group. 5/611
6/33 Dessert plate. Bone china. Celeste blue, straw, & gilt border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted specimen flower. 6/33
6/56 Dessert plate. Bone china. Marone & gilt border with white reserves. Centre and reserves have printed flower groups filled with multicoloured enamels. 6/56
7/407 Dessert plate. Bone china. Red, pearl, & raised gilt edge. Centre multicoloured hand-painted fruit centre. 7/407

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Dudson

James Dudson, Hanley, 1838-88
J. T. Dudson, Hanley, 1888-1898
Dudson Bros. Ltd., Hanley, 1898 on

Incised Numbered Patterns

'Mosaic' Patterns

Unnumbered 'Jasperware' Patterns

Incised Numbered Patterns

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455 Water bottle & stand. Brown coloured earthenware with blue & white 'Fern & Bluebell' sprigging. 455
467 Rope handled jug. Brown earthenware, partly turned body with white ivy 'Allbine' sprigging. 467
544 Low-bellied jug. White earthenware covered with blue slip and white 'Fern & Bluebell' sprigging. 544
1052 Water bottle. Brown coloured earthenware with white fern 'Fern Wreath' sprigging. 1052
1182 Rope handled jug. White earthenware covered with hyacinth blue slip and white vine swag and lion head 'Festoon' sprigs. 1182
1405 Phoenix or 'Wyvern' jug with hinged metal lid. Brown coloured earthenware with white phoenix sprigging. 1405
1422 Rope handled jug. Slate blue coloured earthenware with white floral sprigging. 1422
1436 Rope handled jug. Brown coloured earthenware with white 'Cherubs & Divisions' sprigging. 1436
1623 Rope handled jug. Slate blue coloured earthenware with white 'Chinese Figures' sprigging. 1623
1679 Dragon handled square jug. Brown coloured earthenware with white floral sprigging. 1679
1688 Rope handled jug. Brown coloured earthenware with white floral sprigging. 1688

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'Mosaic' Patterns

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'Mosaic' pink Rope handled jug with hinged Britannia metal lid. Pink coloured earthenware. Two bands of 'Bead & Line' with black bead and blue line and turning. Full glaze. Mosaic pink

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Unnumbered 'Jasperware' Patterns

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'Cherubs' sage Rope handled jug with hinged Britannia metal lid. Sage coloured earthenware with white reliefs. Smear glaze body, full glaze handle. Cherubs
'Cherubs' brown Rope handled coffee pot. Brown coloured earthenware with white reliefs. Smear glaze outside, full glaze inside. Cherubs
'Muses' Rope handled 'Cocoa Jug'. Pale blue coloured earthenware with white reliefs. Full glaze. Muses
'Muses & Divisions' Rope handled jug. Pale blue earthenware covered in dark blue slip and white reliefs. Full glaze. Muses and Divisions

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Grainger Worcester

Grainger Wood & Co., New China Works, Worcester, c.1801-12.
Grainger, Lee, & Co., New China Works, Worcester, c.1812-c.1839.
George Grainger (& Co.), c.1839-1902.

Grainger also used a fractional pattern numbering system, and did number their pieces in a very similar way to Cauldon Place. But the shapes and the style of decoration are much later than the equivalent pattern in Ridgway.

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2/122 Trio. Bone china. Hand-painted shell pattern in green and gilt. 2/122

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Hamilton & Moore

Hamilton & Moore, St. Mary's Works, High St., Longton, 1841-1858/9.
Samuel Moore, 1859-1865.
Moore & Son, 1865-1870/2.
Moore Bros., 1872-1905.

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2/331 Tea cup and saucer. Bone china. Green & white border. Hand-painted mulicoloured flower groups in centre and reserves. Gilt flower heads and tracing in border with c-scrolls in reserves. Gilt inner and outer edges to border, body and foot rings on cup, spike on handle. 2/331

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Machin

Machin & Baggaley, Waterloo Pottery, Burslem, 1809-33.
Machin & Potts, Waterloo Pottery, Burslem, 1833-37.

Machin products have been misidentified as Ridgway by Dr. Godden, particularly the so-called Moustache and Harbold shapes.
The attribution of at least some of the Moustache shape patterns is still in dispute, the other main contender being Hicks & Meigh.

The best reference to the Machin wares is Bill Thom & Philip Miller, Machin Porcelains and Earthenwares including a partial reconstruction of the Machin pattern book (Berwick on Tweed, 2008).

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340 Tea cup & saucer. Bute shape. Bone china. Hand-painted multicoloured wrap-round view of a man on a bridge between buildings. Fantastic plants surround. Gilt edge & highlights, gilt feathered spike on handle. 340
547 Dessert centrepiece, leaf dish, dessert plate. Harbold shape. Bone china. Blue printed floral design filled rose, iron-red, yellow-green, & brown. 547
547 gilt Leaf dish. Harbold shape. Bone china. Blue printed floral design filled rose, iron-red, yellow-green, & brown. Gilt ferny leaves added to centre group. Gilt edge, shoulder line, tracing on volutes. 547 gilt
616 Rectangular dish, dessert plate. Harbold shape. Bone china. Cream border with mazarin blue shoulder and volutes. Embossing picked out in gilt & white. Gilt dontil edge to shoulder, gilt centre ring. 616
660 Dessert plate. Moustache shape. Bone china. Mazarin blue & gilt border with heavy gilt band round centre. Multicoloured hand-painted floral group centre. 660
663 Centrepiece, oval dessert dish, dessert plate. Moustache shape. Bone china. Multicoloured floral sprigs, large in centre, small in border. 663
690 Centrepiece, pair of dessert plates. Moustache shape. Bone china. Mazarin blue, cream & gilt border. White reserves in border with multicoloured flower sprigs. Central multicoloured flower sprig. Gilt shoulder band. 690
691 Dessert plate. Moustache shape. Bone china. Centre single hand-painted flower. Edge gilt with tracing on moulding. 691
692 Leaf dessert dish, dessert plate. Moustache shape. Bone china. Mazarin blue, cream & gilt border. White reserves in border with multicoloured flower sprigs. Central multicoloured flower sprig. Gilt shoulder band. 692
733 Dessert centrepiece, dessert plate. Moustache shape. Bone china. Mazarin blue, cream & gilt border. Central multicoloured flower sprig. Gilt shoulder band. 733
761 Square dessert dish. Dropped shell border shape. Bone china. Green border mottled in imitation of shagreen with heavy gilt band round centre. Multicoloured hand-painted floral group centre. Edge moulding gilt with rose to pink shading on shell handles. 761
769 Sugar box, creamer. Dolphin-handled shape. Slop bowl. Belled London shape. Tea cup & saucer. Etruscan shape. Bone china. Imari printed pattern with vase and flowers. Mazarin blue border &c, iron-red flowers. 769
784 Dessert plate. Dropped shell border shape. Bone china. Chinese style floral design printed in black, filled turquoise and purple. 784
848 Dessert plate. Moustache shape. Bone china. Mazarin blue, salmon & gilt border. White reserves in border with multicoloured flower sprigs. Central multicoloured flower sprig. Gilt shoulder band. 848
940 Leaf dessert dish. Moustache shape. Bone china. Mazarin blue, cream & gilt border. Central multicoloured flower sprig. Gilt shoulder band. 940

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Mason's

The patterns here are ones used at Lane Delph prior to the printing plates and moulds being sold to Francis Morley in 1848.

Miles Mason, Lane Delph, c.1800-1813
G. M. & C. J. Mason, Lane Delph, c.1813-1829
C. J. Mason & Co., Lane Delph, 1829-1845
C. J. Mason, Lane Delph, 1845-1848
In 1848 the Mason's printing plates and moulds were sold to Francis Morley at the Broad Street Works.
C. J. Mason, Lane Delph, c.1851-54

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Pattern 1 Dessert plate. Ironstone. Indian Grasshopper print in blue filled iron-red, rose, yellow green, yellow, and salmon. 1
'Canton' Dessert plate. Ironstone. 'Canton' print in plum, filled orange-red and salmon. Canton

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Minton

Minton, 1793-1836.
Minton & Boyle, 1836-1841.
Minton & Co., 1841-1873.
Minton & Hollins, 1845-1868.
Mintons, 1871-1950.
Minton Ltd., 1900-1908.
Minton, 1951 on.

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832 Tea service. 'Berlin Embossed' shape. Bone china. Alternating gilt bordered panels of cream with multicoloured flowers, and green with gilt flowers. Some multicoloured flower sprigs on white areas. Gilt edge, tracing on mouldings. 832
5845 Tea cup & saucer. Bone china. 'Hicks Rock & Bird' printed in flow blue filled underglaze blue and overglaze iron-red and salmon. Gilt highlights. 5845

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New Hall

New Hall Porcelain Works, Hanley, 1781-1835.

Makers of hard-paste porcelain 1781-c.1812, and bone china c.1812-1835.

Many New Hall pieces are unmarked but extensive research has been done on the patterns, most of which has been published, so an individual pattern number can often be traced.

New Hall jugs and mugs have been mistaken for early Ridgway sprigged wares. They do have a certain similarity, but the handle form is quite different, and distinctive.

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Mug Mug. Bone china. White sprigs on lilac-blue ground. New Hall mug
2101 Coffee cup & saucer. London shape. Bone china. Mazarin blue & heavy gilt border with angular reserves. Reserves and centre multicoloured hand-painted flower groups. Gilt edge, centre ring, foot ring, tracing on handle. Handle half gilt on down bar only. 2101
2901 Teapot, creamer. Old English shape. Bone china. Complex gilt and white pattern with a band of rose heads in rose and green. Gilt edge line, foot line, detailing on handle. 2901

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Rockingham Brameld

Brameld family supported by Earl Fitzwilliam, Swinton, 1807-1842.

Makers of pottery 1807-1842, and bone china c.1820-1842.

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1475 Trio. Bone china. Narrow green & gilt border. Centre green & gilt sprig surrounded by one large and two small multicoloured hand-painted flower sprigs. Green & gilt flower sprigs outside cups. Gilt edge, foot line, tracing on handle. Half gilt upper bar to handle. 1475
2/52 Coffee cup & saucer. Bone china. Pale grey & gilt border. Centre multicoloured hand-painted flower group. Gilt edge, leafy sine wave round cup, foot ring, tracing on handle. 2/52

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Yates

John Yates [the elder], Shelton, c.1770-95/6.
John [the younger] and William Yates, 1795/6-1808 (or c.1813?).
John Yates, Shelton, 1808 (or c.1813?)-1828.
Members of the Yates family, 1828-c.1834/5.
Yates & May, Shelton, c.1834/5-c.1843?

Clearly some research needs to be done into the history of the firm as different authorities disagree on dates.
Yates had a fractional numbering system, and did number their pieces in a very similar way to Cauldon Place. The shapes and the style of decoration are, however, quite different. An expert has informed me that the gold upper bar to the handle is a typical Yates feature.

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1394 Trio. Old English shape. Bone china. Border of apricot, Mazarin blue, & gilt, with geometric reserves with blue & gilt flower heads. Gilt floral centre ring, edge, foot ring, leafy arcading round cup. Half gilt upper bar to handle. 1394
1635 Rectangular dessert dish. Bone china. Yellow ground with floral sprigs printed in black and filled with multicoloured enamels. Gilt edge and tracing on handles. 1635
2/1585 Tea cup and saucer. Bone china. Geometric and leafy design in purple, pink, and gilt. 2/1585

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