Church Works and Broad Street Works
'Wellington' Dessert Shape

William Ridgway imported the 'Wellington' shape moulds from his Church and Cobden Works partnership to the Broad Street Works. Distinguishing between the products of the two firms is thankfully not too difficult. We have the traveller's pattern book for Church Works patterns 1 to 196, and the Broad Street Works pattern description books start at pattern 123. From pattern 371 all Broad Street numbers have a 3/ prefix. The coloured earthenware bodies were restricted to the Church Works, and the stoneware bodies were restricted to the Broad Street Works. Where life does get a little difficult is that both factories used the standard earthenware body and were not above running down the road to the other factory when a production run ran short. We can then find pieces with Church Works impressed marks and Broad Street Works patterns, which causes no end of confusion.

 

Church Works and Cobden Works

William Ridgway & Co. Patterns

"Albion"

"Flosculous"

Pattern 41

Pattern 57

Pattern 68

Pattern 180

Pattern 400

Pattern 401

 

Broad Street Works

Ridgway, Morley, Wear, & Co. Patterns

"Caledonian" No. 2

Pattern 154

Pattern 181

Pattern 195

Pattern 198

Pattern 255

 

Church Works and Cobden Works Patterns

 

"Albion"

This is a modified form of the 'Wellington' shape. The floret edge groups have been removed and replaced by sprigged on rose and thistle groups in grey coloured earthenware. As the print also includes roses, thistles, and shamrocks, one would assume this was done to mark a particularly patriotic occasion. The only thing that comes to mind during the short life of the partnership is the coronation of King William IV on 8 September 1831. The condition of the plate is remarkable; there are no knife scratches or stacking marks, only some minor edge abrasions.

The dessert plate is 234mm in diameter. Earthenware with grey coloured earthenware sprigs.

Albion dessert plate front

Albion dessert plate front detail

Albion dessert plate back

Albion dessert plate backstamp

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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"Flosculous"

The oval dessert dish is 294mm long and 232mm wide. Pale blue coloured earthenware.

Flosculous oval dessert dish front

Flosculous oval dessert dish back

Flosculous oval dessert dish backstamp

All the remaining pieces of this pattern are of a slightly different colour to the one above. The blue ground is darker, and the green print is lighter. My best guess is a difference in time of manufacture, but which is earlier, and which later, I cannot say.

The oval dessert dish is 298mm long and 235mm wide. Pale blue coloured earthenware.

Flosculous oval dessert dish front

Flosculous oval dessert dish back

Flosculous oval dessert dish backstamp

The round dessert dish is 258mm long and 232mm wide. Pale blue coloured earthenware.

Flosculous round dessert dish front

Flosculous round dessert dish back

Flosculous round dessert dish backstamp

The dessert plate is 231mm in diameter. Pale blue coloured earthenware.

Flosculous dessert plate front

Flosculous dessert plate back

Flosculous dessert plate backstamp

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 41

The dessert plate is 232mm in diameter. Pale blue coloured earthenware.

Pattern 41 dessert plate front

Pattern 41 dessert plate back

Pattern 41 dessert plate pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 57

The traveller's pattern book has this description:
'as 44 with handle gilt & gold band.'

The round dessert dish is 264mm long and 236mm wide. Pale blue coloured earthenware.

Pattern 57 round dessert dish front

Pattern 57 round dessert dish back

Pattern 57 round dessert dish pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 68

The traveller's pattern book has this description:
'as 57 no gilding on ornts or band self cold.'

The dessert plate is 228mm in diameter. Pale blue coloured earthenware.

Pattern 68 dessrt plate front

Pattern 68 dessrt plate back

Pattern 68 dessrt plate pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 180

The traveller's pattern book has this description:
'Dessert Patt as 57 only the sage flowers are done in citron base & the bisct blue leafage is done in Mulberry base - The handles of Plates &c ar [sic] not based.'

The dessert plate is 232mm in diameter. Pale blue coloured earthenware.

Pattern 180 dessert plate front

Pattern 180 dessert plate back

Pattern 180 dessert plate pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 400

The round dessert dish is 267mm long and 239mm wide. Earthenware.

Pattern 400 round dessert dish front

Pattern 400 round dessert dish back

Pattern 400 round dessert dish pattern number and impressed marks

Although there is no backstamp, the print is clearly the same as in pattern 401, and there is no 3/ prefix to the number, so this is from the Church Works firm. The meaning of the impressed "W" and "4" is lost in the mists of time.

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 401

The dessert plate is 234mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 401 dessert plate front

Pattern 401 dessert plate back

Pattern 401 dessert plate backstamp and pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Broad Street Works Patterns

All entries from the factory pattern description books are reproduced courtesy of The Wedgwood Museum Trust.

 

"Caledonian" No. 2

The dessert plate is 233mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Caledonian No 2 dessert plate front

Caledonian No 2 dessert plate back

Caledonian No 2 dessert plate backstamp and pattern number

The impressed "9" in the corner of the shield presumably relates to the plate size in inches.

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 154

The pattern description book reads:
'Table Bedford BS. Dessert Wellington. Toilet "[?]. Printed in Lavender. Blue on Biscuit. Lustre Edge. No 21 Pattn. No bead. Dk Blue leaves & Gilt, Burnd.'

The dessert plate is 227mm in diameter. Blue Stone body.

Pattern 154 dessert plate front

Pattern 154 dessert plate back

Pattern 154 dessert plate backstamp and pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 181

The pattern description book reads:
'Dest Wellington. Printed in M Green. Dk Green on Biscuit. Lustre Edge. Hicks 66 Pattn Cold Rose Green &c Gilt & Burnished.'

The dessert plate is 231mm in diameter. Blue Stone body.
There is considerable wear on the gilding.

Pattern 181 dessert plate front

Pattern 181 dessert plate back

Pattern 181 dessert plate backstamp and pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 195

The pattern description book reads:
'Dessert Wellington. Printed in S[tone] Brown. Various Colors [sic] on Biscuit. White Edge. Light Blue base ground Basket flowes [sic] Centre. Gilt & Scoured - 2 Gold lines burn[ished].'

The square dessert dish is 276mm long and 256mm wide. Blue Stone body.
There is some wear on the gilding, and some staining on the reverse.

Pattern 195 square dessert dish front

Pattern 195 square dessert dish back

Pattern 195 square dessert dish backstamp and pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 198

The pattern description book reads:
'Dessert Wellington. Printed in S[tone] Brown. Various Colors [sic] on Biscuit. White Edge. Drab Base Ground Dog Rose Centre Gilt &c as 195.'

The dessert plate is 231mm in diameter. Blue Stone body.
There is some wear on the gilding.

Pattern 198 dessert plate front

Pattern 198 dessert plate back

Pattern 198 dessert plate backstamp and pattern number

This backstamp was introduced in the Broad Street works during the Ridgway, Morley, Wear, & Co. period.

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 255

The pattern description book reads:
'Jugs &c E Ware. Dessert Wellington. Toilet Florence. Printed in Dove. Various Colors [sic] on Biscuit. White Edge. Fancy Pattern Cov'd all over Col'd U Glaze.'

The round dessert dish is 261mm long and 235mm wide. Earthenware.
There is some staining in the centre on both sides.

Pattern 255 round dessert dish front

Pattern 255 round dessert dish back

Pattern 255 round dessert dish backstamp and pattern number

The crown mark is the same as the mark on pattern 198, but without the ribbon. Only the crown was used because this is an earthenware body, and not stoneware.

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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