Bell Works, Church Works and Bedford Works
Tea and Breakfast Wares

 

Bell Works

William Ridgway

'Oriental' brown

'Oriental' red

 

Church Works and Cobden Works

William Ridgway & Co.

"Forget Me Not" puce

"Forget Me Not" purple & grey

"Helical" green on blue

"Helical" black on blue

Pattern 148

Pattern 340

Pattern 484

Pattern 587

William Ridgway, Son, & Co.

"Union"

'Alhambra' greenish grey

Pattern 629

Pattern 1623

Pattern 2315

William Ridgway, E. J. Ridgway & Abington

Tree Trunk greenish grey

E. J. Ridgway & Abington

'Bulrush' white

Pattern 6773

 

Bedford Works

Ridgways
Ridgways (Bedford Works) Ltd.

"Humphrey's Clock"

 

Bell Works

 

'Oriental' brown

The sugar box. Earthenware.

Oriental sugar box top

The lid has a vent hole, so is from the teapot.

Oriental sugar box side

Oriental sugar box side detail

Oriental sugar box base

No marks whatsoever on the piece, but the border makes the attribution certain.

Photos © Tara Burkholder Saunders 2020

 

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'Oriental' red

The slop bowl is 133mm in diameter and 73mm tall.

Oriental slop bowl side 1

Oriental slop bowl side 2

Oriental slop bowl top

Oriental slop bowl base

As with the sugar box above there are no marks.

Photos © Bonnie Jean Seiwell ~ Lady in Decadence 2020

 

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Church Works and Cobden Works

 

"Forget Me Not" puce

The teapot is 270mm spout to handle, 165mm tall, and 160mm wide. Earthenware.

Forget Me Not teapot

Forget Me Not teapot top

Forget Me Not teapot filter

Forget Me Not teapot side

Forget Me Not teapot handle

Forget Me Not teapot backstamp

The unhandled tea cup and saucer. Saucer is 140mm in diameter. Tea cup is 95mm in diameter and 57mm tall. Earthenware.

Forget Me Not cup and saucer

Forget Me Not saucer back

Forget Me Not saucer backstamp

Photos © Tommy Cheatham 2019

 

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"Forget Me Not" purple & grey

When I first bought this piece I thought the enamel on the outside (the inside is purple only) had faded to grey in patches, but the backstamp, which would be the part most protected from the light, is pure grey. I now believe this is an attempt at two colour printing using a single printing plate. As such I am not sure that it's entirely successful. The effect is best seen on the base shot.

The slop bowl is 138mm in diameter and 67mm tall.

Forget Me Not slop bowl top

Forget Me Not slop bowl inside border detail

Forget Me Not slop bowl side

Forget Me Not slop bowl base

Forget Me Not slop bowl backstamp

Photos © Angela Grant 2020

 

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"Helical" green on blue

For reference to print name see Godden, Ridgway Porcelains (1985), p.158, Plate 177.

For a jug with the same decoration see here.

The tea cup & saucer. Blue coloured earthenware or earthenware with blue slip coating.

Helical tea cup and saucer

The saucer is 144mm in diameter. Blue coloured earthenware or earthenware with blue slip coating.

Helical saucer front

Helical saucer side

Helical saucer back

Helical saucer backstamp

The tea cup is 57mm tall, and 67mm to the tip of the handle. It is 96mm in diameter, and the handle protrudes 22mm. Blue coloured earthenware or earthenware with blue slip coating.

Helical tea cup top

Helical tea cup left side

Helical tea cup handle side

Helical tea cup base

The 8 inch muffin is 191mm in diameter. Blue coloured earthenware or earthenware with blue slip coating.

Helical muffin front

Helical muffin side

Helical muffin back

Helical muffin backstamp

Photos © Angela Grant 2020

The toast rack is 190mm long, 123mm wide, and 84mm high. Blue coloured earthenware or earthenware with blue slip coating.

Helical toast rack top

Helical toast rack side

Helical toast rack end

Helical toast rack base

No marks whatsoever. Identification was purely by print and colour.

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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"Helical" black on blue

The breakfast saucer is 168mm in diameter. Blue coloured earthenware or earthenware with blue slip coating.

Helical breakfast saucer front

Helical breakfast saucer side

Helical breakfast saucer back

Helical breakfast saucer backstamp

The curious star-like device is probably a tally mark for the person applying the transfer.

Photos © Angela Grant 2020

 

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"Union"

For dinner wares in this pattern see here.

At first I thought that the subject matter of this print, as usual, bore no relation to the name. I then observed what the two boys at the foot of the central urn were doing. The boy on the right has a loose bundle of sticks and is breaking each one individually across his knee. The boy on the left, however, has a bundle of sticks that are tightly bound together, and therefore cannot be broken. This is a version of what came to be known in English radical circles as 'the parable of the sticks'. Hence a 'union' of many is stronger than each individual alone. The Ridgways were Methodists in religion and Liberals in politics, so the use of this symbol is hardly surprising.

The unhandled tea cup and saucer. Saucer is 146mm in diameter. Tea cup is 102mm in diameter and 57mm tall. Earthenware.

Union tea cup and saucer

Union saucer detail

Union saucer back

Union saucer marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Union tea cup top

Union tea cup base

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Photos © Tommy Cheatham 2019

 

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'Alhambra' greenish-grey

For jugs with this moulded design see here.

The honey pot is 136mm in diameter and 116mm tall. Greenish-grey coloured earthenware.

Alhambra green-grey honey pot

Alhambra green-grey honey pot top

Alhambra green-grey honey pot lid underside

Alhambra green-grey honey pot top minus lid

Alhambra green-grey honey pot side

Alhambra green-grey honey pot base

Alhambra green-grey honey pot mark

The only mark is this tiny anchor, which is probably a moulder's tally mark.

Photos © Angela Grant 2020

 

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Tree Trunk greenish-grey

The design registration is, oddly, in the name of 'William Ridgway, E J Ridgway & Abington.' The partnership of 'William Ridgway, Son, & Co.' was dissolved in November 1845 on William Ridgway's first bankruptcy, and the Church Works and Cobden Works were thenceforward under the control of the remaining two partners trading as E J Ridgway & Abington. The registration date is, however, 3 November 1846. I can only presume that it was felt that William should have some benefit from the design profits, so his name was included in the registration.
For jugs with this moulded design see here.

The teapot is 155mm spout to handle, 77mm wide, and 108mm tall. Greenish-grey coloured earthenware.

Tree Trunk grey teapot

Tree Trunk grey teapot top

Tree Trunk grey teapot lid underside

Tree Trunk grey teapot top less lid

Tree Trunk grey teapot filter detail

Tree Trunk grey teapot left side

Tree Trunk grey teapot spout side

Tree Trunk grey teapot handle side

Tree Trunk grey teapot base

Tree Trunk grey teapot marks

The registration diamond is for 3 November 1846, parcel 1. Dr Godden states this was for a 'Design for moulded rustic teapot'.2
The impressed number "8" is the number in a potters' dozen, and represents the size of the teapot, so the smaller the number, the larger the teapot.

Photos © Angela Grant 2020

 

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'Bulrush' white

For jugs with this moulded design see here.

The teapot is 168mm spout to handle, 106mm wide, and 132mm tall. Off white coloured earthenware.

Bulrush white teapot top

Bulrush white teapot inside lid

Bulrush white teapot top minus lid

Bulrush white teapot filter detail

Bulrush white teapot side

Bulrush white teapot spout

Bulrush white teapot handle

Bulrush white teapot base

Bulrush white teapot marks

The registration diamond is for 7 March 1848, Parcel 1. There are two patent numbers attached to this registration. Dr. Godden lists these as '2 designs for moulded jugs'.2 The "II" is probably a moulder's tally mark.

Photos © Angela Grant 2020

 

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Pattern 148

The tea cup & saucer. Pale blue coloured earthenware.

Pattern 148 tea cup and saucer

The saucer is 144mm in diameter. Pale blue coloured earthenware.

Pattern 148 saucer front

Pattern 148 saucer side

Pattern 148 saucer back

Pattern 148 saucer pattern number

The tea cup is 61mm tall, and 69mm to the tip of the handle. It is 89mm in diameter, and the handle protrudes 19mm. Pale blue coloured earthenware.

Pattern 148 tea cup top

Pattern 148 tea cup left side

Pattern 148 tea cup middle side

Pattern 148 tea cup right side

Pattern 148 tea cup handle side

Pattern 148 tea cup base

Pattern 148 tea cup pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2020

 

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Pattern 340

The print of this pattern recurs on Pattern 1623 below.

The sugar box is 204mm long, 162mm wide, and 139mm tall. Earthenware.

Pattern 340 sugar box top

Pattern 340 sugar box cover base

Pattern 340 sugar box top less cover

Pattern 340 sugar box side

Pattern 340 sugar box end

Pattern 340 sugar box base

Pattern 340 sugar box pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2020

 

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Pattern 484

The tea cup and saucer. Earthenware.

Pattern 484 tea cup and saucer

The saucer is 143mm in diameter.

Pattern 484 saucer front

Pattern 484 saucer side

Pattern 484 saucer back

Pattern 484 saucer marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

The tea cup is 58mm tall, and 64mm to the tip of the handle. It is 103mm in diameter, and the handle protrudes 21mm.

Pattern 484 tea cup top

Pattern 484 tea cup right side

Pattern 484 tea cup handle side

Pattern 484 tea cup base

Pattern 484 tea cup marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 587

Although the piece is badly damaged I have included photos taken by the owner because of the interesting late use of the "Dresden Opaque China" print originally used in the 1820s by Job Ridgway & Sons at Cauldon Place, and later by John & William Ridgway at Cauldon Place and the Bell Works. For earlier examples of the same print see the "Dresden Opaque China" print page.
How the printing plates ended up at the Church Works is curious. When the partnership between John and William ended, John took the Cauldon Place works, and William took the Bell Works. I have long thought, for various reasons, that the blue & white earthenware patterns of the partnership were made at the Bell Works after John & William took it over from George Ridgway's sons, and that William continued to make them after the partnership broke up. It would therefore have been possible for the Church Works partnership (William being senior partner) to 'borrow' printing plates a decade after they ceased to be used at the Bell Works (run by William alone). See also Pattern 576.

The teapot stand is 182.5mm long and 140mm wide. Earthenware.

Pattern 587 teapot stand front

Pattern 587 teapot stand back

Pattern 587 teapot stand marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Photos © Nancy French 2019

 

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Pattern 629

The teapot is 292mm long and 181mm tall. Earthenware.

Pattern 629 teapot left side

Pattern 629 teapot spout side

Pattern 629 teapot right side

Pattern 629 teapot handle side

Pattern 629 teapot top

Pattern 629 teapot lid underside

Pattern 629 teapot top minus lid

Pattern 629 teapot base

Pattern 629 teapot pattern number

The small teapot is 254mm long and 158mm tall. Earthenware.

Pattern 629 teapot 2 left side

Pattern 629 teapot 2 spout side

Pattern 629 teapot 2 right side

Pattern 629 teapot 2 handle side

Pattern 629 teapot 2 top

Pattern 629 teapot 2 lid underside

Pattern 629 teapot 2 top minus lid

Pattern 629 teapot 2 base

The sugar box is 200mm long and 156mm tall. Earthenware.

Pattern 629 sugar box side

Pattern 629 sugar box end

Pattern 629 sugar box handle detail

Pattern 629 sugar box lid underside

Pattern 629 sugar box top minus lid

Pattern 629 sugar box base

Pattern 629 sugar box pattern number

The creamer is 162mm long and 133mm tall. Earthenware.

Pattern 629 creamer top

Pattern 629 creamer left side

Pattern 629 creamer lip side

Pattern 629 creamer right side

Pattern 629 creamer handle side

Pattern 629 creamer base

Pattern 629 creamer pattern number

The slop bowl is 137mm in diameter and 73mm tall. Earthenware.

Pattern 629 slop bowl top

Pattern 629 slop bowl side 1

Pattern 629 slop bowl side 2

Pattern 629 slop bowl base

Pattern 629 slop bowl pattern number

The tea bowl & saucer. Earthenware.

Pattern 629 tea bowl and saucer

The saucer is 143mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 629 saucer front

Pattern 629 saucer back

Pattern 629 saucer marks

This is the lowest pattern number I have seen with a William Ridgway, Son, & Co. backstamp.

The unhandled tea cup is 102mm in diameter and 57mm tall. Earthenware.

Pattern 629 tea cup top

Pattern 629 tea cup side

Pattern 629 tea cup base

Pattern 629 tea cup pattern

The 6 inch muffin is 156mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 629 muffin front

Pattern 629 muffin back

Pattern 629 muffin pattern number

Photos © Bonnie Jean Seiwell ~ Lady in Decadence 2020

 

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Pattern 1623

The print of this pattern was previously used on Pattern 340 above.

The teapot is 253mm long, 176mm in diameter, and 104mm tall including lid. Earthenware.

Pattern 1623 teapot top

Pattern 1623 teapot lid base

Pattern 1623 teapot side

Pattern 1623 teapot spout

Pattern 1623 teapot handle

Pattern 1623 teapot base

Pattern 1623 teapot marks

The saucer is 145mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 1623 saucer front

Pattern 1623 saucer side

Pattern 1623 saucer back

Pattern 1623 saucer marks

The tea cup is 61mm tall, and 64mm to the tip of the handle. It is 97mm in diameter, and the handle protrudes 17mm. Earthenware.

Pattern 1623 tea cup top

Pattern 1623 tea cup side

Pattern 1623 tea cup middle

Pattern 1623 tea cup handle

Pattern 1623 tea cup base

Pattern 1623 tea cup marks

The 7 inch muffin is 187mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 1623 muffin front

Pattern 1623 muffin back

Pattern 1623 muffin marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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Pattern 2315

This pattern is important because it can be dated. The 'Alhambra' shape jug was reported in the Art-Union magazine for May 1845, so this pattern was probably issued around that time, or shortly after.1

A jug of the same pattern may be found here.

Teapot. Earthenware.

Pattern 2315 teapot side

Pattern 2315 teapot top

Pattern 2315 teapot base

Pattern 2315 teapot base detail

Pattern 2315 teapot pattern number

Photos © Jim Mcauliffe 2019

 

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Pattern 6773

The tea cup and saucer. Earthenware.

Pattern 6773 tea cup and saucer

The saucer is 147mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 6773 saucer front

Pattern 6773 saucer side

Pattern 6773 saucer back

Pattern 6773 saucer marks

The tea cup is 86mm in diameter and 64mm tall. The handle protrudes 23mm. Earthenware.

Pattern 6773 tea cup top

Pattern 6773 tea cup left side

Pattern 6773 tea cup middle side

Pattern 6773 tea cup right side

Pattern 6773 tea cup handle side

Pattern 6773 tea cup base

Pattern 6773 tea cup marks

Photos © Angela Grant 2020

 

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Bedford Works Patterns

 

"Humphrey's Clock"

This is a re-issue of the series of views from The Old Curiosity Shop on toy teawares over half a century after the originals, whch may be viewed here. Another reissue may be seen here.

The first saucer copies the original mark almost exactly, and the print is much more sharply defined, so it is probably earlier than the remaining pieces, perhaps dating between 1880 and 1891.

The toy saucer is 118mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer front

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer back

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer mark

On the remaining pieces the mark varies from the original by having the word "RIDGWAYS" above, and the words "ENGLAND / Scenes From Chas Dickens / Old Curiosity / Shop" below (reversed on the teapot). The presence of the word "ENGLAND" indicates a manufacturing date after 1891.

The teapot is 117mm high, 149mm spout to handle, and 86mm wide. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot top

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot spout

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot side

The print is inscribed at its base: "Nell's Lonely Walk".

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot handle

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot base

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot mark

Toy cup & saucer. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup and saucer

The toy saucer is 106mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer front

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer back

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer mark

The toy cup is 44mm high and 59mm in diameter. The handle protrudes 18mm. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup top

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup side

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup middle

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup handle

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup base

The toy muffin is 113mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy muffin front

Humphrey's Clock toy muffin back

Humphrey's Clock toy muffin mark

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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Notes

1. See R. K. Henrywood, Relief-Moulded Jugs 1820-1900 (1984), pp.79-80.

2. See G. A. Godden, Ridgway Porcelains (1985), p.218.

 

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