Church Works and Broad Street Works
Tea and Breakfast Wares

 

Church Works and Cobden Works

William Ridgway & Co.

'Helical'

Pattern 484

Pattern 587

William Ridgway, Son, & Co.

Pattern 1623

Pattern 2315

Ridgways
Ridgways (Bedford Works) Ltd.

"Humphrey's Clock"

 

Broad Street Works

Francis Morley & Co.

'Ermine Border'

 

Church Works and Cobden Works Patterns

 

'Helical'

For reference to print name see Godden, Ridgway Porcelains (1985), p.158, Plate 177.

The toast rack is 190mm long, 123mm wide, and 84mm high. Blue coloured earthenware or earthenware with blue slip coating.

Helical toast rack top

Helical toast rack side

Helical toast rack end

Helical toast rack base

No marks whatsoever. Identification was purely by print and colour.

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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Pattern 484

Tea cup and saucer. Earthenware.

Pattern 484 tea cup and saucer

The saucer is 143mm in diameter.

Pattern 484 saucer front

Pattern 484 saucer side

Pattern 484 saucer back

Pattern 484 saucer marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

The tea cup is 58mm tall, and 64mm to the tip of the handle. It is 103mm in diameter, and the handle protrudes 21mm.

Pattern 484 tea cup top

Pattern 484 tea cup right side

Pattern 484 tea cup handle side

Pattern 484 tea cup base

Pattern 484 tea cup marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 587

Although the piece is badly damaged I have included photos taken by the owner because of the interesting late use of the "Dresden Opaque China" print originally used in the 1820s by John & William Ridgway at Cauldon Place and the Bell Works. See: here and here.
How the printing plates ended up at the Church Works is curious. When the partnership between John and William ended, John took the Cauldon Place works, and William took the Bell Works. I have long thought, for various reasons, that the blue & white earthenware patterns of the partnership were made at the Bell Works, and that William continued to make them after the partnership broke up. It would therefore have been possible for the Church Works partnership (William being senior partner) to 'borrow' printing plates a decade after they ceased to be used at the Bell Works (run by William alone).

The teapot stand is 182.5mm long and 140mm wide. Earthenware.

Pattern 587 teapot stand front

Pattern 587 teapot stand back

Pattern 587 teapot stand marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Photos © Nancy French 2019

 

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Pattern 1623

The teapot is 253mm long, 176mm in diameter, and 104mm tall including lid. Earthenware.

Pattern 1623 teapot top

Pattern 1623 teapot lid base

Pattern 1623 teapot side

Pattern 1623 teapot spout

Pattern 1623 teapot handle

Pattern 1623 teapot base

Pattern 1623 teapot marks

The saucer is 145mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 1623 saucer front

Pattern 1623 saucer side

Pattern 1623 saucer back

Pattern 1623 saucer marks

The tea cup is 61mm tall, and 64mm to the tip of the handle. It is 97mm in diameter, and the handle protrudes 17mm. Earthenware.

Pattern 1623 tea cup top

Pattern 1623 tea cup side

Pattern 1623 tea cup middle

Pattern 1623 tea cup handle

Pattern 1623 tea cup base

Pattern 1623 tea cup marks

The 7 inch muffin is 187mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 1623 muffin front

Pattern 1623 muffin back

Pattern 1623 muffin marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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Pattern 2315

This pattern is important because it can be dated. The 'Alhambra' shape jug was reported in the Art-Union magazine for May 1845, so this pattern was probably issued around that time, or shortly after.1

A jug of the same pattern may be found here.

Teapot. Earthenware.

Pattern 2315 teapot side

Pattern 2315 teapot top

Pattern 2315 teapot base

Pattern 2315 teapot base detail

Pattern 2315 teapot pattern number

Photos © Jim Mcauliffe 2019

 

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"Humphrey's Clock"

This is a re-issue of the series of views from The Old Curiosity Shop on toy teawares over half a century after the originals, whch may be viewed here.

The first saucer copies the original mark almost exactly, and the print is much more sharply defined, so it is probably earlier than the remaining pieces, perhaps dating between 1880 and 1891.

The toy saucer is 118mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer front

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer back

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer mark

On the remaining pieces the mark varies from the original by having the word "RIDGWAYS" above, and the words "ENGLAND / Scenes From Chas Dickens / Old Curiosity / Shop" below (reversed on the teapot). The presence of the word "ENGLAND" indicates a manufacturing date after 1891.

The teapot is 117mm high, 149mm spout to handle, and 86mm wide. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot top

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot spout

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot side

The print is inscribed at its base: "Nell's Lonely Walk".

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot handle

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot base

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot mark

Toy cup & saucer. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup and saucer

The toy saucer is 106mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer front

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer back

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer mark

The toy cup is 44mm high and 59mm in diameter. The handle protrudes 18mm. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup top

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup side

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup middle

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup handle

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup base

The toy muffin is 113mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy muffin front

Humphrey's Clock toy muffin back

Humphrey's Clock toy muffin mark

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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Broad Street Works Patterns

 

'Ermine Border'

Although these pieces are not marked, the pattern is listed in the pattern books as a Francis Morley pattern.

Toy tea cup, saucer, and muffin. Earthenware.

The saucer is 114mm in diameter.

Ermine Border toy saucer front

Ermine Border toy saucer side

Ermine Border toy saucer back

Ermine Border toy saucer marks

The tea cup is 48mm tall, 68mm in diameter, and the handle protrudes 13mm.

Ermine Border toy tea cup top

Ermine Border toy tea cup left side

Ermine Border toy tea cup handle side

Ermine Border toy tea cup base

The small muffin is 127mm in diameter.

Ermine Border toy muffin front

Ermine Border toy muffin back

Ermine Border toy muffin marks

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Notes

1. See R. K. Henrywood, Relief-Moulded Jugs 1820-1900 (1984), pp.79-80.

 

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