Dudson — Ridgway
Rope Handled Jugs
and variants

There was clearly co-operation between the two factories and it is difficult to establish exactly how far that went. Both factories appear to have manufactured jugs of the same shapes. Dudson probably supplied the Bedford Works with moulds, glazes and ideas. Ridgway supplied the manufacturing capacity that Dudson did not have. Presumably there was a sharing of profits.

Up to this point I have considered it fairly simple to distinguish the wares produced by Dudson and those by the Bedford Works. Basically, everything with a fractional pattern number was Ridgway, and everything else was Dudson. I was, however, confronted with a problem after reading Jewitt's The Ceramic Art of Great Britain (1878). Volume 2 describes the products of both the Bedford Works and Dudson's Hope Street Works. Jewitt states that both factories produced moulded ware and mosaic ware, but only the Bedford Works produced jasper ware and jet ware, and he praises both wares with effusive language. Whilst the comment on jet or ebony ware was to be expected, that on jasper ware was not. All jasper wares were, up to now, thought to have been produced at Hope Street. Until this apparent contradiction is resolved, I shall be listing the wares by type and number series rather than factory.

There has been some controversy over the meaning of the word "Paxton", mostly found as an impressed mark, or occasionally printed. The word is only found on this type of jug. Many hold that this is the shape name, but Audrey Dudson always held that this was incorrect and that it was the name of a retailer, and many agree with her. No retailer of sufficient size to account for the number of jugs so marked has ever been traced.

I have included variants on this page of which there are two main ones, chiefly concerning the handles. The jugs made for the Brownhills Pottery Co. have what is described as a cane handle. Those with the humming bird sprigs have a handle in the shape of a branch.

 

Dudson ~ Hope Street Works

James Dudson

Ridgway ~ Bedford Works

E. J. Ridgway (& Sons)
Ridgway, Sparks & Ridgway
Ridgways

 

Unnumbered Mosaic Series

'Mosaic' brown

Incised Number Series

Pattern 467

Pattern 907

Pattern 969

Pattern 996

Pattern 998

Pattern 1182

Pattern 1422

Pattern 1436

Pattern 1530

Pattern 1531

Pattern 1562

Pattern 1622

Pattern 1623

Pattern 1688

Pattern 3016 "BPCo."

Pattern 3535 "BPCo."

Fractional Number Series

Pattern 3/9531

Pattern 3/9532

Pattern 3/9562

Pattern 3/9970 "Cenis"

Pattern 4/2275

Pattern 4/3905

Pattern 4/4268

Pattern 4/4304

Pattern 4/4924

Pattern 4/5124

Pattern 4/5443

Pattern 4/5900

Pattern 4/6298

Pattern 4/7206

Pattern E/2

Pattern E/3

Pattern E/42 'Persia'

Pattern E/83

Pattern R/49

Pattern i/3 "Yeddo"

Pattern i/93

Pattern i/267 "Yeddo"

Pattern i/530 "Maiden Hair Fern"

Pattern i/1891 "Hixen"

Pattern 3430 "Gainsborough"

 

Unnumbered Mosaic Series

 

'Mosaic' brown

The jug is 197mm tall, 89mm in diameter at the top, and 117mm at the base. Brown stoneware with mosaic work in blue, white and cream.

Mosaic brown covered jug left side

Mosaic brown covered jug handle side

Mosaic brown covered jug left side detail

Mosaic brown covered jug top

Mosaic brown covered jug base

Mosaic brown covered jug marks

The impressed "12" is probably a size mark, and the two outside marks are probably tally marks, but what the "9 8" (or "8 6") is for I cannot say. It could be a pattern number. Only further examples would confirm.

Photos © Annahlyn Pugh 2021

 

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Incised Number Series

 

Pattern 467

The jug is 165mm tall. Brown stoneware, partly turned body with white ivy sprigging.

Pattern 467 jug left side

Pattern 467 jug base

Pattern 467 jug marks

The "24" is probably the number in a potter's dozen, being used as a size marker. The higher the number, the smaller the jug.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

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Pattern 907

The jug is 110mm tall and 100mm wide. White earthenware covered with blue slip and white sprigs.

Pattern 907 jug left side

Pattern 907 jug right side

Pattern 907 jug base

Pattern 907 jug impressed marks

The impressed "30" is probably a size marker for a small jug.

Photos © Tony Curnock 2021

 

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Pattern 969

The jug (missing Britannia Metal lid) is 180mm tall. Brown stoneware with white sprigging.

Patttern 969 jug right side

Patttern 969 jug handle side

Patttern 969 jug top

Patttern 969 jug base

Patttern 969 jug marks

The impressed "18" is probably the number in a potter's dozen. This usually relates purely to size, but decoration may also be a factor.

Photos © Paul Collins 2021

 

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Pattern 996

The jug is 150mm tall. Brown stoneware with white sprigging.

Pattern 996 jug left side

Pattern 996 jug lip side

Pattern 996 jug right side

Pattern 996 jug handle right side

Pattern 996 jug handle left side

Pattern 996 jug base

Pattern 996 jug base

Photos © Kenneth H. Carleton 2020

 

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Pattern 998

The jug is 178mm tall, 76mm diameter at top, and 102mm at base. Brown earthenware with white sprigging.

Pattern 998 jug left side

Pattern 998 jug lip side

Pattern 998 jug right side

Pattern 998 jug handle side

Pattern 998 jug top

Pattern 998 jug base

The impressed "24" is most likely a size marker. The double dot is probably a tally mark.

Photos © Annahlyn Pugh 2021

 

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Pattern 1182

The jug is 180mm tall. White earthenware covered with hyacinth blue slip and white sprigs.

Pattern 1182 jug left side

Pattern 1182 jug base

Pattern 1182 jug marks

The datecode form "13/4/81" I am informed only occurs on hyacinth blue wares.
The "24" is probably the number in a potter's dozen, being used as a size marker. The higher the number, the smaller the jug.
Note the impressed "PAXTON".

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

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Pattern 1422

The jug is 180mm tall. Slate blue coloured earthenware with white sprigs.

Pattern 1422 jug left side

Pattern 1422 jug right side

Pattern 1422 jug base

The faintly impressed registration diamond is for 10 November 1882, Parcel 10. This was registered by Ridgways, Bedford Works, Hanley.
Godden records that the registration is for a 'Design for a jug form'.1

The impressed date mark reads "4 / 83" for April 1883.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

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Pattern 1436

The jug is 152mm tall, 89mm in diameter at base, and 70mm in diameter at top. Brown coloured earthenware with white sprigs.

Pattern 1436 jug left side

Pattern 1436 jug lip side

Pattern 1436 jug right side detail

Pattern 1436 jug handle side

Pattern 1436 jug top

Pattern 1436 jug pattern number

Pattern 1436 jug marks 2

The impressed "30" may be a size mark but it seems a little high for the size of the jug. The two holes may be a tally mark.

Photos © Corgi Acre Antiques 2020

 

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Pattern 1530

The jug. Brown coloured stoneware with white sprigs.

Pattern 1530 jug left side

Pattern 1530 jug lip side

Pattern 1530 jug right side

Pattern 1530 jug right handle side

Pattern 1530 jug top

Pattern 1530 jug base

Pattern 1530 jug pattern number

Pattern 1530 jug marks

The impressed "12" is probably a size mark and "10/81" is a date code for October 1881.

Photos © Anonymous 2021

 

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Pattern 1531

The jug is 175mm tall and 104mm diameter at base. White earthenware covered with blue slip and white sprigs.

Pattern 1531 jug left side

Pattern 1531 jug lip side

Pattern 1531 jug right side

Pattern 1531 jug handle side

Pattern 1531 jug top and right side

Pattern 1531 jug base

Pattern 1531 jug marks

The impressed "24" is probably a size mark and the "3 / 80" a date code. Note the "PAXTON" impressed mark.

Photography © Martin Scott-Jupp 2021

 

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Pattern 1562

The jug is 149mm tall. Black coloured stoneware with white sprigs.

Pattern 1562 jug left side

Pattern 1562 jug handle side

Pattern 1562 jug top

The apparent white patch at the base is only shine.

Pattern 1562 jug lip detail

Pattern 1562 jug sprig detail

Pattern 1562 jug base

Pattern 1562 jug left side

The impressed "30" is probably a size mark. The impressed date code is unclear at "11 / 7?". Note the impressed "PAXTON".

Photos © Anonymous 2021

 

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Pattern 1622

The jug is 173mm tall. Brown coloured stoneware with white sprigs.

Pattern 1622 jug left side

Pattern 1622 jug right side

Pattern 1622 jug handle side

Pattern 1622 jug base

Pattern 1622 jug marks

Note the impressed "PAXTON" bottom left.
The date code appears to read "6/80" for June 1880, but the top figure is unclear.

Photos © Maria Kultys 2021

 

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Pattern 1623

The jug is 195mm tall. Slate blue coloured stoneware with white sprigs.

Pattern 1623 jug left side

Pattern 1623 jug right side

Pattern 1623 jug base

Pattern 1623 jug marks

The impressed date mark reads "3 / 80" for March 1880.
The "12" is a size marker. The higher the number, the smaller the jug.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

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Pattern 1688

The jug is 190mm tall. Brown coloured earthenware with white sprigs.
The top is drilled for a hinged metal lid but this is missing or was never fitted.

Pattern 1688 jug left side

Pattern 1688 jug right side

Pattern 1688 jug base

The printed registration diamond is for 10 November 1882, Parcel 10. This was registered by Ridgways, Bedford Works, Hanley.
Godden records that the registration is for a 'Design for a jug form'.1

The impressed date mark reads "11 / 82" for November 1882.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

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Pattern 3016 "BPCo."

The jug with Britannia metal lid. Grey coloured earthenware with white sprigs.

Pattern 3016 jug left side

Pattern 3016 jug lip side

Pattern 3016 jug right side

Pattern 3016 jug handle side

Pattern 3016 jug base

Pattern 3016 jug pattern number

Pattern 3016 jug impressed BPCo.

The marks are not well impressed but one is "BPCo." used on goods supplied to the Brownhills Pottery Company. They had their own dedicated pattern numbers and their own handle for this shape of jug.

Photos © Tony Curnock 2021

 

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Pattern 3535 "BPCo."

The jug with Britannia metal lid is 162mm tall. Green coloured earthenware with white sprigs.

Pattern 3535 jug left side

Pattern 3535 jug lip side

Pattern 3535 jug right side

Pattern 3535 jug handle side

Pattern 3535 jug top

Pattern 3535 jug lid underside

Pattern 3535 jug base

Pattern 3535 jug marks

The marks are not well impressed but one is "BPCo." used on goods supplied to the Brownhills Pottery Company. They had their own dedicated pattern numbers and their own handle for this shape of jug.

Photos © Sophie Whitfield 2021

 

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Fractional Number Series

 

Pattern 3/9531

The jug is 8.5 inches tall, and the base has a diameter of 5 inches. Earthenware.

Pattern 3/9531 jug right side

Pattern 3/9531 jug right side 2

Pattern 3/9531 jug lip side

Pattern 3/9531 jug left side

Pattern 3/9531 jug handle side

Pattern 3/9531 jug top

Pattern 3/9531 jug base

Pattern 3/9531 jug pattern number

Photos © Milka Kraleva ~ artandkrafts 2020

 

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Pattern 3/9532

The jug is 203mm tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 3/9532 jug left side

Pattern 3/9532 jug lip side

Pattern 3/9532 jug right side

Pattern 3/9532 jug base

Pattern 3/9532 jug pattern number

The jug is 203mm tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 3/9532 jug left side

Pattern 3/9532 jug right side

Pattern 3/9532 jug base

Pattern 3/9532 jug pattern number

Impressed marks are "12" and a very tiny "M", significance unknown.

The jug is 159mm tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 3/9532 jug left side

Pattern 3/9532 jug right side

Pattern 3/9532 jug base

Pattern 3/9532 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

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Pattern 3/9562

This jug appears to have once had a Britannia-metal lid.

The jug is 203mm tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 3/9562 jug left side

Pattern 3/9562 jug right side

Pattern 3/9562 jug base

Pattern 3/9562 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2021

 

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Pattern 3/9970 "Cenis"

This jug is important because it firmly establishes that the shape belongs to the factory.

The jug is 203mm tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 3/9970 jug left side

Pattern 3/9970 jug right side

Pattern 3/9970 jug base

Pattern 3/9970 jug marks

The registration diamond is for 9 October 1871, Parcel 8 which is recorded as for E. J. Ridgway & Sons, Bedford Works, Hanley.
Godden records that the registration is for a printed design for dinner wares.1

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

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Pattern 4/2275

The jug is 152mm tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/2275 jug left side

Pattern 4/2275 jug left side detail

Pattern 4/2275 jug left side detail 2

Pattern 4/2275 jug base

Pattern 4/2275 jug pattern number

Photos © Leslie LeFevre-Stratton 2021

 

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Pattern 4/3905

The jug is 178mm tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/3905 jug left side

Pattern 4/3905 jug right side

Pattern 4/3905 jug base

Pattern 4/3905 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

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Pattern 4/4268

The jug is 7.75 inches tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/4268 Jug left side

Pattern 4/4268 Jug right side

Pattern 4/4268 Jug pattern number

Pattern 4/4268 Jug impressed mark

The meaning of the impressed "PAXTON" has been disputed. Audrey Dudson was convinced it was a retailer's name, but no retailer of that name has been traced.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

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Pattern 4/4304

The jug is 6 inches tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/4304 jug left side

Pattern 4/4304 jug right side

Pattern 4/4304 jug left side

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

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Pattern 4/4924

The jug is 153mm tall and 89mm base diameter. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/4924 jug left side

Pattern 4/4924 jug lip side

Pattern 4/4924 jug right side

Pattern 4/4924 jug handle side

Pattern 4/4924 jug top

Pattern 4/4924 jug base

Pattern 4/4924 jug pattern number

Photos © Michael Grana 2021

 

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Pattern 4/5124

The jug is 7 inches tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/5124 jug left side

Pattern 4/5124 jug base

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

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Pattern 4/5443

The jug is 6.75 inches tall. Ebony ware.
The jug should have a Britannia metal lid as with the i/267 jug below.

Pattern 4/5443 jug left side

Pattern 4/5443 jug right side

Pattern 4/5443 jug base

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

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Pattern 4/5900

The jug is 7 inches tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/5900 jug left side

Pattern 4/5900 jug right side

Pattern 4/5900 jug base

Pattern 4/5900 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

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Pattern 4/6298

The jug is 7.75 inches tall. Ebony ware. The top has been drilled for a hinged Britannia metal lid now missing.

Pattern 4/6298 jug left side

Pattern 4/6298 jug right side

Pattern 4/6298 jug base

It is unclear why this transfer has been applied to the base as it appears to have no connection with the design on the jug.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

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Pattern 4/7206

The jug is 7.25 inches tall. Earthenware.

Pattern 4/7206 jug left side

Pattern 4/7206 jug right side

Pattern 4/7206 jug base

Pattern 4/7206 jug pattern number

Pattern 4/7206 jug impressed marks

The impressed date mark reads "8/80" for August 1880.

Photos © Leslie LeFevre-Stratton 2020

The covered filter jug (minus cover) is 8 inches tall and 4.75 inches wide at the base. Earthenware.

Pattern 4/7206 jug left side

Pattern 4/7206 jug right side

Pattern 4/7206 jug handle side

Pattern 4/7206 jug top

The missing cover is flat, and has a turquoise edge and spherical knob. For a similar lid see Pattern i/3 below.

Pattern 4/7206 jug base

Pattern 4/7206 jug marks

The impressed date mark reads "2/80" for February 1880.

Photos © Kenneth H. Carleton 2020

 

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Pattern E/2

The jug is 8 inches tall. Ebony ware.
It appears to have been drilled to take a Britannia metal lid as on e/83 below, now missing.

Pattern E/2 jug left side

Pattern E/2 jug right side

Pattern E/2 jug base

Pattern E/2 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

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Pattern E/3

For a teapot of the same pattern click here.

For a vase of the same pattern click here.

The jug should have a Britannia metal lid as with the i/267 jug below.
The jug is 6 inches tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern E/3 jug left side

Pattern E/3 jug right side

Pattern E/3 jug base

Pattern E/3 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

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Pattern E/42 'Persia'

This decoration appears also on Bedford Works i/ series wares where it bears the print name 'Persia'.

The jug is 7.75 inches tall. Ebony ware.
The jug should have a Britannia metal lid as with the i/267 jug below.

Pattern E/42 covered jug left side

Pattern E/42 covered jug right side

Pattern E/42 covered jug pattern number

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

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Pattern E/83

The covered jug is 8 inches tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern E/83 covered jug left side

Pattern E/83 covered jug right side

Pattern E/83 covered jug base

Pattern E/83 covered jug pattern number

The peculiar form of "e" with the long upper tail seems to be a signature of decorator "2" as I have seen other examples of their work with the same peculiarity.

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

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Pattern R/49

The jug is 6.75 inches tall. Red ware.

Pattern R/49 jug left side

Pattern R/49 jug right side

Pattern R/49 jug base

Pattern R/49 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

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Pattern i/3 "Yeddo"

This jug is important because it firmly establishes that the shape belongs to the factory.

The covered filter jug is 9.5 inches tall, 6 inches wide including handle, 3.5 inches in diameter at top, and 4.75 inches diameter at base. Earthenware.

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug left side

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug lip side

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug left side

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug lid

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug top minus lid

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug base

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug pattern number

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug registration diamond

The registration diamond is for 17 April 1878, Parcel 14 which is recorded as for Ridgway, Sparks, & Ridgway, Bedford Works, Hanley.
Godden records that the registration is for two printed designs in eastern style.1

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug impressed marks

The top impressed mark appears to be a date mark: 8? / 14? 1914 seems a little late but not impossible. The middle mark is a moulder's tally mark, and the bottom mark is probably a size mark.

Photos © Tom Douglas ~ My Grandmothers Antiques 2020

 

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Pattern i/93

The jug with Britannia metal lid is 203mm tall excluding lid. Earthenware.

Pattern i/93 covered jug left side

Pattern i/93 covered jug right side

Pattern i/93 covered jug base

Pattern i/93 covered jug marks

The date code reads "9 / 79" for September 1879.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

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Pattern i/267 "Yeddo"

This jug is important because it firmly establishes that the shape belongs to the factory.

The jug with Britannia metal lid is 8 inches tall, and 5.5 inches from lip to handle. Earthenware.

Pattern i/267 covered jug left side

Pattern i/267 covered jug lip side

Pattern i/267 covered jug right side

Pattern i/267 covered jug handle side

Pattern i/267 covered jug top

Pattern i/267 covered jug lid detail

Pattern i/267 covered jug underside of top

Pattern i/267 covered jug lid mark

Pattern i/267 covered jug top minus lid

Pattern i/267 covered jug base

Pattern i/267 covered jug marks

The registration diamond is for 17 April 1878, Parcel 14 which is recorded as for Ridgway, Sparks, & Ridgway, Bedford Works, Hanley.
Godden records that the registration is for '2 Printed designs in eastern style'.1

Photos © Bonnie Jean Seiwell ~ Lady in Decadence 2020

 

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Pattern i/530 "Maiden Hair Fern"

The jug is 180mm tall. Earthenware.

Pattern i/530 jug left side

Pattern i/530 jug marks

The registration diamond is for 28 July 1881, Parcel 14 which is recorded as for Ridgways, Bedford Works, Hanley.
Godden records that the registration is for a 'Printed design - maidenhair form'.1
The impressed "RIDGWAYS" is unusual.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

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Pattern i/1891 "Hixen"

The jug is 115mm tall, 70mm diameter at the top and 90mm at the base.

Pattern i/1891 jug left side

Pattern i/1891 jug right side

Pattern i/1891 jug base

Pattern i/1891 jug marks

Photos © Dian Ferguson 2021

 

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Pattern 3430 "Gainsborough"

It is not yet clear whether the later 4-figure numbering system was a continuation of the i/xxxx with the prefix dropped, or whether it was a completely new series. Hopefully the appearance of further examples will settle the matter.

The jug is 152mm tall, 76mm wide at the top including lip, and 92mm in diameter at the base. Earthenware.

Pattern 3430 jug right side

Pattern 3430 jug top and right side

Pattern 3430 jug base

Pattern 3430 jug marks

Photos © cycle42020 2021

 

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Notes.

1. G.A.Godden, Ridgway Porcelains (1985), p.219.

 

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