Dudson — Ridgway
Rope Handled Jugs

There was clearly co-operation between the two factories and it is difficult to establish exactly how far that went. Both factories appear to have manufactured jugs of this shape. Dudson probably supplied the Bedford Works with moulds, glazes and ideas. Ridgway supplied the manufacturing capacity that Dudson did not have. Presumably there was a sharing of profits.

There has been some controversy over the meaning of the word "Paxton", mostly found as an impressed mark, or occasionally printed. The word is only found on this type of jug. Many, including myself, hold that this is the shape name, but Audrey Dudson always held that this was incorrect and that it was the name of a retailer, and many agree with her. No retailer of sufficient size to account for the number of jugs so marked has ever been traced.

 

James Dudson
J. T. Dudson

Pattern 467

Pattern 996

Pattern 998

Pattern 1182

Pattern 1422

Pattern 1436

Pattern 1622

Pattern 1623

Pattern 1688

'Mosaic' brown

'Mosaic' pink

'Cherubs' sage

'Cherubs' brown

'Muses'

'Muses & Divisions'

E. J. Ridgway & Sons
Ridgway, Sparks & Ridgway
Ridgways
Ridgways (Bedford Works) Ltd.

Pattern 3/9531

Pattern 3/9532

Pattern 3/9562

Pattern 3/9970 "Cenis"

Pattern 4/3905

Pattern 4/4268

Pattern 4/4304

Pattern 4/4924

Pattern 4/5124

Pattern 4/5443

Pattern 4/5900

Pattern 4/6298

Pattern 4/7206

Pattern E/2

Pattern E/3

Pattern E/42 'Persia'

Pattern E/83

Pattern R/49

Pattern i/3 "Yeddo"

Pattern i/93

Pattern i/267 "Yeddo"

Pattern i/530 "Maiden Hair Fern"

Pattern 3430 "Gainsborough"

 

Manufactured by Dudsons

 

Pattern 467

The jug is 165mm tall. Brown earthenware, partly turned body with white ivy sprigging.

Pattern 467 jug left side

Pattern 467 jug base

Pattern 467 jug marks

The "24" is a size marker. The higher the number, the smaller the jug.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Dudson patterns

 

Pattern 996

The jug is 150mm tall. Brown earthenware with white sprigging.

Pattern 996 jug left side

Pattern 996 jug lip side

Pattern 996 jug right side

Pattern 996 jug handle right side

Pattern 996 jug handle left side

Pattern 996 jug base

Pattern 996 jug base

Photos © Kenneth H. Carleton 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 998

The jug is 178mm tall, 76mm diameter at top, and 102mm at base. Brown earthenware with white sprigging.

Pattern 998 jug left side

Pattern 998 jug lip side

Pattern 998 jug right side

Pattern 998 jug handle side

Pattern 998 jug top

Pattern 998 jug base

The impressed "24" is most likely a size marker. The double dot is probably a tally mark.

Photos © Annahlyn Pugh 2021

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 1182

The jug is 180mm tall. White earthenware covered with hyacinth blue slip and white sprigs.

Pattern 1182 jug left side

Pattern 1182 jug base

Pattern 1182 jug marks

The datecode form "13/4/81" I am informed only occurs on hyacinth blue wares.
The "24" is a size marker. The higher the number, the smaller the jug.
The meaning of the impressed "PAXTON" has been disputed. Audrey Dudson was convinced it was a retailer's name, but no retailer of that name has been traced. As I have only seen the mark on this shape of jug I suspect it may be the shape name.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Dudson patterns

 

Pattern 1422

The jug is 180mm tall. Slate blue coloured earthenware with white sprigs.

Pattern 1422 jug left side

Pattern 1422 jug right side

Pattern 1422 jug base

The faintly impressed registration diamond is for 10 November 1882, Parcel 10. This was registered by Ridgways, Bedford Works, and was only produced for them.
Godden records that the registration is for a 'Design for a jug form'.1

The impressed date mark reads "4 / 83" for April 1883.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Dudson patterns

 

Pattern 1436

The jug is 152mm tall, 89mm in diameter at base, and 70mm in diameter at top. Brown coloured earthenware with white sprigs.

Pattern 1436 jug left side

Pattern 1436 jug lip side

Pattern 1436 jug right side detail

Pattern 1436 jug handle side

Pattern 1436 jug top

Pattern 1436 jug pattern number

Pattern 1436 jug marks 2

The impressed "30" may be a size mark but it seems a little high for the size of the jug. The two holes may be a tally mark.

Photos © Corgi Acre Antiques 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Dudson patterns

 

Pattern 1622

The jug is 173mm tall. Brown coloured stoneware with white sprigs.

Pattern 1622 jug left side

Pattern 1622 jug right side

Pattern 1622 jug handle side

Pattern 1622 jug base

Pattern 1622 jug marks

Note the impressed "PAXTON" bottom left.
The date code appears to read "6/80" for June 1880, but the top figure is unclear.

Photos © Maria Kultys 2021

 

Top of Page

Return to Dudson patterns

 

Pattern 1623

The jug is 195mm tall. Slate blue coloured stoneware with white sprigs.

Pattern 1623 jug left side

Pattern 1623 jug right side

Pattern 1623 jug base

Pattern 1623 jug marks

The impressed date mark reads "3 / 80" for March 1880.
The "12" is a size marker. The higher the number, the smaller the jug.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Dudson patterns

 

Pattern 1688

The jug is 190mm tall. Brown coloured earthenware with white sprigs.
The top is drilled for a hinged metal lid but this is missing or was never fitted.

Pattern 1688 jug left side

Pattern 1688 jug right side

Pattern 1688 jug base

The printed registration diamond is for 10 November 1882, Parcel 10. This was registered by Ridgways, Bedford Works, and was only produced for them.
Godden records that the registration is for a 'Design for a jug form'.1

The impressed date mark reads "11 / 82" for November 1882.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Dudson patterns

 

'Mosaic' brown

The jug is 197mm tall, 89mm in diameter at the top, and 117mm at the base. Brown stoneware with mosaic work in blue, white and cream.

Mosaic brown covered jug left side

Mosaic brown covered jug handle side

Mosaic brown covered jug left side detail

Mosaic brown covered jug top

Mosaic brown covered jug base

Mosaic brown covered jug marks

The impressed "12" is probably a size mark, and the two outside marks are probably tally marks, but what the "9 8" is for I can't say.

Photos © Annahlyn Pugh 2021

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

'Mosaic' pink

The jug is 140mm to ridge on cover. Pink stoneware with two bands of 'Bead & Line' with black bead and blue line and turning.

Mosaic pink covered jug left side

Mosaic pink covered jug base

Mosaic pink covered jug England mark

This "ENGLAND" impressed mark was in use from 1870-1899.

Mosaic pink covered jug tally marks

The cross in circle impressed tally mark was used at both Dudson's and at Ridgways' Bedford Works. This may be a coincidence, or it may indicate that workers were at times transferred from one factory to the other.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Dudson patterns

 

'Cherubs' sage

The jug with Britannia metal lid is 180mm to the top of the cover excluding finial. Sage coloured earthenware with white reliefs.

Cherubs covered jug left side

Cherubs covered jug right side

Cherubs covered jug base

Cherubs covered jug marks

This "ENGLAND" impressed mark was in use from 1870-1899.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Dudson patterns

 

'Cherubs' brown

The coffee pot is 206mm spout to handle, and 225mm tall including lid. Brown coloured earthenware with white reliefs.

Cherubs coffee pot left side

Cherubs coffee pot spout side

Cherubs coffee pot right side

Cherubs coffee pot handle side

Cherubs coffee pot top

Cherubs coffee pot lid underside

Cherubs coffee pot lid impressed mark

The impressed mark reads "JAMES DUDSON / LICENSED BY THE PATENTEES / HANLEY STAFFORDSHIRE" and was used 1845-1882. The mark refers to a 'patent lock lid' that would not fall out when the contents were poured. The lid was used on tea pots and coffee pots.

Cherubs coffee pot base marks

This "ENGLAND" impressed mark was in use from 1870-1899.

Photos © Bonnie Jean Seiwell ~ Lady in Decadence 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Dudson patterns

 

'Muses'

The 'Cocoa Jug' is 165mm tall to top of knob. Pale blue earthenware with white reliefs.

Muses cocoa jug left side

Muses cocoa jug right side

Muses cocoa jug base

Muses cocoa jug marks

The impressed "DUDSON ENGLAND" mark was used 1891-99
The cross in circle impressed tally mark was used at both Dudson's and at Ridgways' Bedford Works. This may be a coincidence, or it may indicate that workers were at times transferred from one factory to the other.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Dudson patterns

 

'Muses & Divisions'

The rope handled jug is 205mm tall. Pale blue earthenware covered in dark blue slip and white reliefs. Full glaze.

Muses and Divisions jug left side

Muses and Divisions jug lip side

Muses and Divisions jug marks

The impressed "DUDSON ENGLAND" mark was used 1891-99

Photos © Angela Grant 2017-2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Dudson patterns

 

 

Manufactured by Ridgways

 

Pattern 3/9531

The jug is 8.5 inches tall, and the base has a diameter of 5 inches. Earthenware.

Pattern 3/9531 jug right side

Pattern 3/9531 jug right side 2

Pattern 3/9531 jug lip side

Pattern 3/9531 jug left side

Pattern 3/9531 jug handle side

Pattern 3/9531 jug top

Pattern 3/9531 jug base

Pattern 3/9531 jug pattern number

Photos © Milka Kraleva ~ artandkrafts 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 3/9532

The jug is 203mm tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 3/9532 jug left side

Pattern 3/9532 jug lip side

Pattern 3/9532 jug right side

Pattern 3/9532 jug base

Pattern 3/9532 jug pattern number

The jug is 203mm tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 3/9532 jug left side

Pattern 3/9532 jug right side

Pattern 3/9532 jug base

Pattern 3/9532 jug pattern number

Impressed marks are "12" and a very tiny "M", significance unknown.

The jug is 159mm tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 3/9532 jug left side

Pattern 3/9532 jug right side

Pattern 3/9532 jug base

Pattern 3/9532 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 3/9562

This jug appears to have once had a Britannia-metal lid.

The jug is 203mm tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 3/9562 jug left side

Pattern 3/9562 jug right side

Pattern 3/9562 jug base

Pattern 3/9562 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2021

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 3/9970 "Cenis"

This jug is important because it firmly establishes that the shape belongs to the factory.

The jug is 203mm tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 3/9970 jug left side

Pattern 3/9970 jug right side

Pattern 3/9970 jug base

Pattern 3/9970 jug marks

The registration diamond is for 9 October 1871, Parcel 8 which is recorded as for E. J. Ridgway & Sons, Bedford Works, Hanley.
Godden records that the registration is for a printed design for dinner wares.1

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 4/3905

The jug is 7 inches tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/3905 jug left side

Pattern 4/3905 jug right side

Pattern 4/3905 jug base

Pattern 4/3905 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 4/4268

The jug is 7.75 inches tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/4268 Jug left side

Pattern 4/4268 Jug right side

Pattern 4/4268 Jug pattern number

Pattern 4/4268 Jug impressed mark

The meaning of the impressed "PAXTON" has been disputed. Audrey Dudson was convinced it was a retailer's name, but no retailer of that name has been traced. As I have only seen the mark on this shape of jug I suspect it may be the shape name.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 4/4304

The jug is 6 inches tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/4304 jug left side

Pattern 4/4304 jug right side

Pattern 4/4304 jug left side

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 4/4924

The jug is 153mm tall and 89mm base diameter. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/4924 jug left side

Pattern 4/4924 jug lip side

Pattern 4/4924 jug right side

Pattern 4/4924 jug handle side

Pattern 4/4924 jug top

Pattern 4/4924 jug base

Pattern 4/4924 jug pattern number

Photos © Michael Grana 2021

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 4/5124

The jug is 7 inches tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/5124 jug left side

Pattern 4/5124 jug base

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 4/5443

The jug is 6.75 inches tall. Ebony ware.
The jug should have a Britannia metal lid as with the i/267 jug below.

Pattern 4/5443 jug left side

Pattern 4/5443 jug right side

Pattern 4/5443 jug base

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 4/5900

The jug is 7 inches tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/5900 jug left side

Pattern 4/5900 jug right side

Pattern 4/5900 jug base

Pattern 4/5900 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 4/6298

The jug is 7.75 inches tall. Ebony ware. The top has been drilled for a hinged Britannia metal lid now missing.

Pattern 4/6298 jug left side

Pattern 4/6298 jug right side

Pattern 4/6298 jug base

It is unclear why this transfer has been applied to the base as it appears to have no connection with the design on the jug.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 4/7206

The jug is 7.25 inches tall. Earthenware.

Pattern 4/7206 jug left side

Pattern 4/7206 jug right side

Pattern 4/7206 jug base

Pattern 4/7206 jug pattern number

Pattern 4/7206 jug impressed marks

The impressed date mark reads "8/80" for August 1880.

Photos © Leslie LeFevre-Stratton 2020

The covered filter jug (minus cover) is 8 inches tall and 4.75 inches wide at the base. Earthenware.

Pattern 4/7206 jug left side

Pattern 4/7206 jug right side

Pattern 4/7206 jug handle side

Pattern 4/7206 jug top

The missing cover is flat, and has a turquoise edge and spherical knob. For a similar lid see Pattern i/3 below.

Pattern 4/7206 jug base

Pattern 4/7206 jug marks

The impressed date mark reads "2/80" for February 1880.

Photos © Kenneth H. Carleton 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern E/2

The jug is 8 inches tall. Ebony ware.
It appears to have been drilled to take a Britannia metal lid as on e/83 below, now missing.

Pattern E/2 jug left side

Pattern E/2 jug right side

Pattern E/2 jug base

Pattern E/2 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern E/3

For a teapot of the same pattern click here.

For a vase of the same pattern click here.

The jug should have a Britannia metal lid as with the i/267 jug below.
The jug is 6 inches tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern E/3 jug left side

Pattern E/3 jug right side

Pattern E/3 jug base

Pattern E/3 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern E/42 'Persia'

This decoration appears also on Bedford Works i/ series wares where it bears the print name 'Persia'.

The jug is 7.75 inches tall. Ebony ware.
The jug should have a Britannia metal lid as with the i/267 jug below.

Pattern E/42 covered jug left side

Pattern E/42 covered jug right side

Pattern E/42 covered jug pattern number

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern E/83

The covered jug is 8 inches tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern E/83 covered jug left side

Pattern E/83 covered jug right side

Pattern E/83 covered jug base

Pattern E/83 covered jug pattern number

The peculiar form of "e" with the long upper tail seems to be a signature of decorator "2" as I have seen other examples of their work with the same peculiarity.

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern R/49

The jug is 6.75 inches tall. Red ware.

Pattern R/49 jug left side

Pattern R/49 jug right side

Pattern R/49 jug base

Pattern R/49 jug pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern i/3 "Yeddo"

This jug is important because it firmly establishes that the shape belongs to the factory.

The covered filter jug is 9.5 inches tall, 6 inches wide including handle, 3.5 inches in diameter at top, and 4.75 inches diameter at base. Earthenware.

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug left side

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug lip side

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug left side

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug lid

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug top minus lid

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug base

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug pattern number

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug registration diamond

The registration diamond is for 17 April 1878, Parcel 14 which is recorded as for Ridgway, Sparks, & Ridgway, Bedford Works, Hanley.
Godden records that the registration is for two printed designs in eastern style.1

Pattern i/3 covered filter jug impressed marks

The top impressed mark appears to be a date mark: 8? / 14? 1914 seems a little late but not impossible. The middle mark is a moulder's tally mark, and the bottom mark is probably a size mark.

Photos © Tom Douglas ~ My Grandmothers Antiques 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern i/93

The jug with Britannia metal lid is 203mm tall excluding lid. Earthenware.

Pattern i/93 covered jug left side

Pattern i/93 covered jug right side

Pattern i/93 covered jug base

Pattern i/93 covered jug marks

The date code reads "9 / 79" for September 1879.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern i/267 "Yeddo"

This jug is important because it firmly establishes that the shape belongs to the factory.

The jug with Britannia metal lid is 8 inches tall, and 5.5 inches from lip to handle. Earthenware.

Pattern i/267 covered jug left side

Pattern i/267 covered jug lip side

Pattern i/267 covered jug right side

Pattern i/267 covered jug handle side

Pattern i/267 covered jug top

Pattern i/267 covered jug lid detail

Pattern i/267 covered jug underside of top

Pattern i/267 covered jug lid mark

Pattern i/267 covered jug top minus lid

Pattern i/267 covered jug base

Pattern i/267 covered jug marks

The registration diamond is for 17 April 1878, Parcel 14 which is recorded as for Ridgway, Sparks, & Ridgway, Bedford Works, Hanley.
Godden records that the registration is for '2 Printed designs in eastern style'.1

Photos © Bonnie Jean Seiwell ~ Lady in Decadence 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern i/530 "Maiden Hair Fern"

The jug is 180mm tall. Earthenware.

Pattern i/530 jug left side

Pattern i/530 jug marks

The registration diamond is for 28 July 1881, Parcel 14 which is recorded as for Ridgways, Bedford Works, Hanley.
Godden records that the registration is for a 'Printed design - maidenhair form'.1
The impressed "RIDGWAYS" is unusual.

Photos © Clare and Alan Walker 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Pattern 3430 "Gainsborough"

It is not yet clear whether the later 4-figure numbering system was a continuation of the i/xxxx with the prefix dropped, or whether it was a completely new series. Hopefully the appearance of further examples will settle the matter.

The jug is 152mm tall, 76mm wide at the top including lip, and 92mm in diameter at the base. Earthenware.

Pattern 3430 jug right side

Pattern 3430 jug top and right side

Pattern 3430 jug base

Pattern 3430 jug marks

Photos © cycle42020 2021

 

Top of Page

Return to Bedford Works patterns

 

Notes.

1. G.A.Godden, Ridgway Porcelains (1985), p.219.

 

Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional