Church Works and Broad Street Works
'Prussian' Table Shape

The 'Prussian' shape appears to have been introduced by William Ridgway at his Church and Cobden Works partnership, and then passed the moulds to the Broad Street Works. Distinguishing between the products of the two firms is thankfully not too difficult. From pattern 371 all Broad Street numbers have a 3/ prefix. The stoneware bodies were restricted to the Broad Street Works.

 

Church Works and Cobden Works

William Ridgway, Son, & Co.
E. J. Ridgway & Abington

"Humphrey's Clock"

Urn & Temples

Pattern 1161

Pattern 2264 "Hong Kong"

Pattern 2455

Pattern 4318 "Noma"

 

Broad Street Works

Ridgway, Morley, Wear, & Co.
Ridgway & Morley

"Nice" green

"Pheasant"

Francis Morley & Co.

"Aurora"

"Fruit Basket"

"Shannon"

"Aurora No. 5"

"California No. 6"

Pattern 3/1136 "Persiana"

Pattern 3/1199 "Aurora"

Pattern 3/1365

 

Church Works and Cobden Works Patterns

 

"Humphrey's Clock"

The name refers to Master Humphrey's Clock, an illustrated magazine written and edited by Charles Dickens. Dickens planned initially to use the magazine for short stories, but it ended up as the vehicle for the issue of two novels by instalment, The Old Curiosity Shop and Barnaby Rudge. The views on the Ridgway pattern come from The Old Curiosity Shop.

The prints were reissued by the later Bedford Works firm. See here and here.

The sauce tureen and stand is 170mm in overall height and 214mm across the stand handles. Earthenware. The lid has been broken and rivetted.

Humphrey's Clock sauce tureen and stand side

Humphrey's Clock sauce tureen lid top

Humphrey's Clock sauce tureen lid detail

Humphrey's Clock sauce tureen top

Humphrey's Clock sauce tureen side

Humphrey's Clock sauce tureen side detail

Humphrey's Clock sauce tureen end

Humphrey's Clock sauce tureen base

Humphrey's Clock sauce tureen mark

Humphrey's Clock sauce tureen stand top

Humphrey's Clock sauce tureen stand detail

Humphrey's Clock sauce tureen stand base

Humphrey's Clock sauce tureen stand marks

The impressed marks read: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

The shell or leaf dish is 216mm long, 136mm wide, and 34mm tall. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock shell dish top

Humphrey's Clock shell dish top detail

Humphrey's Clock shell dish side

Humphrey's Clock shell dish base

Humphrey's Clock shell dish marks

The impressed marks read: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

The pie dish is 291mm long, 226mm wide, and 53mm deep. Earthenware.
This is 'Albion' shape rather than 'Prussian', but it was common practice with potters to use older shapes for less commonly required items in order to make up a service.

Humphrey's Clock pie dish top

Humphrey's Clock pie dish top detail

The print shows Little Nell and her grandfather being given a lift on a canal boat whilst the crew enjoy some liquid refreshment. Although it is not named in the story, the Warwick & Birmingham Canal is thought to be the waterway intended.

Humphrey's Clock pie dish side

Humphrey's Clock pie dish base

Humphrey's Clock pie dish marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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Urn & Temples

I will admit to some doubts about this particular piece. The slightly 'soapy' nature of the print, and the impressed "IMPROVED / STONE" mark, incline me to think that this might be a reissue, probably by one of the Bedford Works partnerships.

The soup plate is 264mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Urn and temples soup plate front

Urn and temples soup plate back

Urn and temples soup plate marks

The impressed mark reads: "IMPROVED / STONE".

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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Pattern 1161

I have some doubts in placing this centre piece on this page since I have only this piece and no plates to confirm the shape. It does, however, match the small sauce tureen above, though the handles are different. So it probably is an early example of 'Prussian' shape, but until some plates, or another centre piece with associated plates, turn up it is difficult to be totally sure.

The centre piece is 160mm high, 304mm across handles, 251mm bowl diameter.

Pattern 1161 centre piece top

Pattern 1161 centre piece side

Pattern 1161 centre piece end

Pattern 1161 centre piece base

Pattern 1161 centre piece marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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Pattern 2264
"Hong Kong"

The two dinner plates that follow were purchased together, but they are clearly not of the same date. The first is probably original to the service as it is worn on the highlights, and bears the printed mark of William Ridgway, Son, & Co. The second is probably a later replacement, as it shows little wear, there is no maker's mark, and it has the impressed "IMPROVED / STONE" mark that I am inclined to associate with the Bedford Works.

The dinner plate is 266mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 2264 dinner plate front

Pattern 2264 dinner plate back

Pattern 2264 dinner plate marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

The dinner plate is 265mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 2264 dinner plate front

Pattern 2264 dinner plate back

Pattern 2264 dinner plate marks

The impressed mark reads: "IMPROVED / STONE".

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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Pattern 2455

The dinner plate is 265mm in diameter. Earthenware.
There is some wear on the centre gilding.

Pattern 2455 dinner plate front

Pattern 2455 dinner plate back

Pattern 2455 dinner plate marks

T. Pearce & Son were London retailers in the 1850s.
Nicholas Panes informs me they are listed in the 1856 Post Office Directory as 'lamp & lustre mnfrs'. They are not listed in 1851, but the British Newspaper archive has references in 1853 and 1859 relating to the sale of Dinner Services.
These dates place the date of manufacture of the plate well within the E. J. Ridgway & Abington period, which is what I would have expected from the pattern number.

Photos © Michail Kerameus 2020

 

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Pattern 4318
"Noma"

A plate from a dessert service in the same pattern may be seen here.

The dinner plate is 263mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 4318 dinner plate front

Pattern 4318 dinner plate back

Pattern 4318 dinner plate marks

G. B. Sander & Co. was a London retailer.

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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Broad Street Works Patterns

All entries from the factory pattern description books are reproduced courtesy of The Wedgwood Museum Trust.

 

"Nice" green

The dinner plate is 267mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Nice dinner plate front

Nice dinner plate front detail

Nice dinner plate back

Nice dinner plate backstamp

Photos © Bonnie Jean Seiwell ~ Lady in Decadence 2020

 

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"Pheasant"

This pattern is a reissue of the early Hicks & Meigh No. 2 pattern, but in flow blue on 'Prussian' shape (4 lobes), instead of 'Hicks No.2' shape (8 lobes).

The soup plate is 268mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pheasant soup plate front

Pheasant soup plate back

Pheasant soup plate backstamp

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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"Aurora"

There is an element of doubt whether this print was introduced under Ridgway & Morley, or under Francis Morley & Co. The first coloured-in example in the pattern description book is pattern 3/1119, but Francis Morley patterns only start at 3/1116, and there are "Aurora" Nos. 1-7 in the named and numbered series that were presumably issued before any examples in the pattern description book. Until, however, there is something definitive to indicate the earlier partnership, I have taken it to be a Francis Morley print.

For other wares with the same print see the "Aurora" page.

The dinner plate is 267mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Aurora dinner plate front

Aurora dinner plate back

Aurora dinner plate backstamp

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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"Fruit Basket"

For other wares with the same print see the "Fruit Basket" page.

The dessert plate or twiffler is 235mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Fruit Basket dessert plate front

Fruit Basket dessert plate front detail

Fruit Basket dessert plate back

Fruit Basket dessert plate marks

The "M" is probably a tally mark.

Photos © Des Mills 2020

 

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"Shannon"

The dinner plate is 270mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Shannon dinner plate front

Shannon dinner plate front detail

Shannon dinner plate back

Shannon dinner plate marks

Photos © Leonidas Panousakis 2020

 

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"Aurora No. 5"

In the Francis Morley 'Description Book for 1850' it states that 'Aurora No. 5' is 'Printed in Marine Green, painted in pink. M[att] blue, green & buff'.

For other wares with the same print see the "Aurora" page.

The dessert plate or twiffler is 235mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Aurora No.5 dessert plate front

Aurora No.5 dessert plate rear

Aurora No.5 dessert plate marks

It appears that the decorator aimed to write the "5" under the backstamp, but wasn't paying sufficient attention to which way up the backstamp was!

Photos © Bonnie Jean Seiwell ~ Lady in Decadence 2020

 

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"California No. 6"

In the Francis Morley 'Description Book for 1850' it states that 'California No. 6' is 'printed in dove' and painted in 'pink Matt blue & buff'.

The dinner plate is 264mm in diameter. Earthenware.

California No.6 dinner plate front

California No.6 dinner plate back

California No.6 dinner plate marks

Note the "6" beneath the backstamp.

Photos © Bonnie Jean Seiwell ~ Lady in Decadence 2020

 

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Pattern 3/1136
"Persiana"

The pattern description book entry for 3/1136 reads:
'Table Prussn Sh EW. Dessert Clarn ew. Toilet Franklin ew. Mulberry print, dk blue on biscuit. Persiana printed in Mulberry dark blue'd & flown - enamell'd in various colours, bead at edge fawn'd, gilt as 1105 & Scour'd - gold line at edge burnish'd.'
"Persiana" is a Ridgway & Morley print.

The dessert plate or twiffler is 232mm in diameter. Earthenware. Some wear on gilding.

Pattern 3/1136 dessert plate front

Pattern 3/1136 dessert plate back

Pattern 3/1136 dessert plate marks

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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Pattern 3/1199
"Aurora"

The Pattern Description Book entry reads:
'Table Prussn EW. Printed in Mulberry, nothing on Biscuit, white Edge. Aurora printed in Mulberry & flown, enamell'd various colours. O orange line at edge.'

For other wares with the same print see the "Aurora" page.

The soup plate is 266mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 3/1199 soup plate front

Pattern 3/1199 soup plate back

Pattern 3/1199 soup plate marks

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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Pattern 3/1365

The entry in the Pattern Description Book for Pattern 3/1365 reads:
'Table Prussn Sh, Impl Covd ps. Dessert Clarn Ew. Printed in Mulberry, nothing on biscuit, brown edge. As 790 but Ew & Prussn Sh flat printed in Mulberry & flown. enamelld exactly the Same.'
This print does not appear to have had an official name when launched, but was referred to as 'Steam' in the factory engraving department. Exactly how it got this name I am not clear.

For other wares with the same print see the 'Steam' print page.

The dinner plate is 267mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 3/1365 dinner plate front

Pattern 3/1365 dinner plate back

Pattern 3/1365 dinner plate marks

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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