Bedford Works
Tea and Breakfast Wares

 

E. J. Ridgway
E. J. Ridgway & Sons
Ridgway, Sparks, & Ridgway
Ridgways
Ridgways (Bedford Works) Ltd.

Named Series

"Humphrey's Clock"

Impressed Number Series

Pattern 77

Incised Number Series

Pattern 968

Fractional Number Series

Pattern 2/166

Pattern 2/5368

Pattern 2/5457

Pattern 2/5496

Pattern 2/5609

Pattern 2/6064

Pattern 2/6493

Pattern 3/1189 "Penang"

Pattern 3/1723

Pattern 3/5014

Pattern 4/4215

Pattern 4/6623

Pattern 4/6751 "Corey Hill"

Pattern 4/7583 "Hawthornden"

Pattern E/3

Pattern E/11

Pattern i/287 "Phlox"

Four Figure Number Series

Pattern 5063 "Anglesey"

 

Named Series

 

"Humphrey's Clock"

This is a re-issue of the series of views from The Old Curiosity Shop on toy teawares over half a century after the originals, whch may be viewed here. Another reissue may be seen here.

The first saucer copies the original mark almost exactly, and the print is much more sharply defined, so it is probably earlier than the remaining pieces, perhaps dating between 1880 and 1891.

The toy saucer is 118mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer front

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer back

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer mark

On the remaining pieces the mark varies from the original by having the word "RIDGWAYS" above, and the words "ENGLAND / Scenes From Chas Dickens / Old Curiosity / Shop" below (reversed on the teapot). The presence of the word "ENGLAND" indicates a manufacturing date after 1891.

The teapot is 117mm high, 149mm spout to handle, and 86mm wide. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot top

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot spout

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot side

The print is inscribed at its base: "Nell's Lonely Walk".

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot handle

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot base

Humphrey's Clock toy teapot mark

Toy cup & saucer. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup and saucer

The toy saucer is 106mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer front

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer back

Humphrey's Clock toy saucer mark

The toy cup is 44mm high and 59mm in diameter. The handle protrudes 18mm. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup top

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup side

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup middle

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup handle

Humphrey's Clock toy tea cup base

The toy muffin is 113mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Humphrey's Clock toy muffin front

Humphrey's Clock toy muffin back

Humphrey's Clock toy muffin mark

Photos © Angela Grant 2019

 

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Impressed Number Series

 

Pattern 77

The creamer is 76mm tall. Black stonware with white "PATENT MOSAIC" bands.

Pattern 77 creamer right side

Pattern 77 creamer right side detail

The impressed "30" is a size marker.

Pattern 77 creamer base

Pattern 77 creamer marks

Photos © Paul Fawcett 2021

 

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Incised Number Series

 

Pattern 968

The crabstock teapot. Grey stoneware with white 'Festoon' sprigging.

Pattern 968 teapot left side

Pattern 968 teapot base

Pattern 968 teapot marks

The date code "1/82" is for January 1882.

Photos © Tony Curnock 2021

 

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Fractional Number Series

 

Pattern 2/166

See the Pattern i/287 cups below for a similar shape.

The four coffee cups are 50mm high and 50-53mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 2/166 coffee cups top

Pattern 2/166 coffee cups left side

Pattern 2/166 coffee cup left side

Pattern 2/166 coffee cups middle side

Pattern 2/166 coffee cup middle side

Pattern 2/166 coffee cups right side

Pattern 2/166 coffee cup right side

Pattern 2/166 coffee cups bases

Pattern 2/166 coffee cup 1 base

Pattern 2/166 coffee cup 2 base

Pattern 2/166 coffee cup 3 base

Pattern 2/166 coffee cup 4 base

There is an impressed "B" on every base but one base has no pattern number.

Photos © Cristel Aarts 2020

 

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Pattern 2/5368

This appears to be an early attempt at Ebony Ware before they decided to use the dark terracotta body.

The Imperial shape teapot is 160mm wide and 85mm tall. Earthenware.

Pattern 2/5368 teapot left side

Pattern 2/5368 teapot right side

Pattern 2/5368 teapot base

Pattern 2/5368 teapot marks

The purpose of the impressed numbers is uncertain. The impressed circle is probably a tally mark.

Photos © Tony Curnock 2021

 

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Pattern 2/5457

This would appear to be an early attempt to produce Ebony Ware.

The creamer is 89mm tall and 76mm lip to handle. Earthenware.

Pattern 2/5457 jug left side

Pattern 2/5457 jug right side

Pattern 2/5457 jug base

Pattern 2/5457 jug marks

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

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Pattern 2/5496

This appears to be another early attempt at Ebony Ware before they decided to use the dark terracotta body.

The crabstock teapot is 100mm tall and 160mm handle to spout. Earthenware.

Pattern 2/5496 teapot left side

Pattern 2/5496 teapot right side

Pattern 2/5496 teapot base

Pattern 2/5496 teapot pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2021

 

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Pattern 2/5609

This appears to be another early attempt at Ebony Ware before they decided to use the dark terracotta body.

The crabstock teapot is 100mm tall, 160mm handle to spout, and 100mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 2/5609 teapot left side

Pattern 2/5609 teapot spout side

Pattern 2/5609 teapot right side

Pattern 2/5609 teapot handle side

Pattern 2/5609 teapot and lid

Pattern 2/5609 teapot top of base

Pattern 2/5609 teapot base

Pattern 2/5609 teapot marks

"ETRURIA" is a puzzle. It also appears on a water bottle so is not a shape name. It crossed my mind that it might have been the name of an experimental body, but it also appears on a different shape ebony ware teapot with a terracotta body. A retailer's name or a wholesaler's brand name is possible. "36" is a size indicator meaning a small teapot.

Photos © ninexartandantiques 2021

The second crabstock teapot is 100mm tall and 160mm handle to spout. Earthenware.

Pattern 2/5609 teapot left side

Pattern 2/5609 teapot base

Pattern 2/5609 teapot marks

"SHARON" may be the print name.

Photos © Tony Curnock 2021

 

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Pattern 2/6064

The tea kettle. Ebony or jet ware.

Pattern 2/6064 tea kettle left side

Pattern 2/6064 tea kettle right side

Pattern 2/6064 tea kettle base

Pattern 2/6064 tea kettle marks

The impressed "24" is probably a size marker.

Photos © Tony Curnock 2021

 

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Pattern 2/6493

The teapot is 110mm tall and 155mm wide. Ebony or jet ware.
The spout has been rivetted.

Pattern 2/6493 teapot left side

Pattern 2/6493 teapot right side

Pattern 2/6493 teapot base

Pattern 2/6493 teapot pattern number

Pattern 2/6493 teapot impressed mark

The impressed "36" may be a size marker, but it seems a little high for that.

Photos © Tony Curnock 2021

 

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Pattern 3/1189 "Penang"

The teapot. Earthenware.

Pattern 3/1189 teapot left side

Pattern 3/1189 teapot base

Pattern 3/1189 teapot marks

Photos © Jonathan Dutton 2021

 

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Pattern 3/1723

The teapot is 125mm tall and 125mm spout to handle. Ebony or jet ware.

Pattern 3/1723 teapot left side

Pattern 3/1723 teapot right side

Pattern 3/1723 teapot top

Pattern 3/1723 teapot base

Pattern 3/1723 teapot pattern number

Photos © Tony Curnock 2021

 

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Pattern 3/5014

This pattern attempts to emulate the 'Mosaic' ware simply with applied enamels.

The low-bellied creamer is 78mm tall and 85mm lip to handle. Red ware, full glaze inside.

Pattern 3/5014 jug left side

Pattern 3/5014 jug right side

Pattern 3/5014 jug top

Pattern 3/5014 jug base

Pattern 3/5014 jug marks

The impressed marks are puzzling, especially the two marks at top right.

Photos © Tony Curnock 2020

 

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Pattern 4/4215

The 'Cambridge' shape teapot is 150mm tall. Ebony ware.

Pattern 4/4215 Cambridge teapot left side

Pattern 4/4215 Cambridge teapot base

Pattern 4/4215 Cambridge teapot pattern number

Pattern 4/4215 Cambridge teapot impressed marks

The significance of the impressed marks is uncertain.

Photos © Gay Jungemann ~ Ruby Lane 2021

 

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Pattern 4/6623

This creamer appears to be the same shape as 3/5014 above.

The low-bellied creamer is 90mm tall and 50mm in diameter. Ebony ware with a white earthenware slip lining.

Pattern 4/6623 creamer left side

Pattern 4/6623 creamer lip side

Pattern 4/6623 creamer right side detail

Pattern 4/6623 creamer right side detail 2

Pattern 4/6623 creamer right side detail 3

Pattern 4/6623 creamer handle side

Pattern 4/6623 creamer top

Pattern 4/6623 creamer top detail

Note how the inner slip liner has chipped without affecting the outer terracotta core.

Pattern 4/6623 creamer base

Pattern 4/6623 creamer pattern number

The mark that looks like a "5" is a decorator's tally mark.

Photos © Jessica Trudeau-Bell 2021

 

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Pattern 4/6751 "Corey Hill"

The tea cup & saucer. The saucer is 146mm in diameter. The tea cup is 54mm tall and 89mm across the top. Earthenware.

Pattern 4/6751 tea cup right side and saucer

Pattern 4/6751 tea cup middle side and saucer

Pattern 4/6751 tea cup handle detail

Pattern 4/6751 tea cup and saucer top

Pattern 4/6751 tea cup and saucer base

Pattern 4/6751 tea cup marksr

The pattern number is hard to read, but we have a dinner plate elsewhere on the site that confirms it as 4/6751.

Photos © Mike Masters ~ werselln2u 2021

 

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Pattern 4/7583 "Hawthornden"

The teapot is 165mm tall and 178mm handle to spout. Earthenware.

Pattern 4/7583 teapot left side

Pattern 4/7583 teapot right side

Pattern 4/7583 teapot top

Pattern 4/7583 teapot base

The printed "RSR" stands for Ridgway, Sparks, & Ridgway.

Pattern 4/7583 teapot marks

Photos © Ida St Antiques 2021

 

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Pattern E/3

For a jug of the same pattern click here.

For a vase of the same pattern click here.

The teapot. Ebony or jet ware.

Pattern E/3 teapot left side

Pattern E/3 teapot left side detail

Pattern E/3 teapot spout side

Pattern E/3 teapot right side

Pattern E/3 teapot lid detail

Pattern E/3 teapot base

Pattern E/3 teapot pattern number

Photos © Moorabool Antiques, Australia 2021

 

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Pattern E/11

The teapot. Ebony or jet ware.

Pattern E/11 teapot left side

Pattern E/11 teapot lid side

Pattern E/11 teapot base

Pattern E/11 teapot pattern number

Photos © Paul Fawcett 2021

 

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Pattern i/287 "Phlox"

Pattern i/287 coffee cups and saucers

Pattern i/287 coffee cups and saucers base view

Pattern i/287 coffee saucer marks

The print name "PHLOX" only occurs on the saucers.

Pattern i/287 coffee cup pattern number

Photos from the collection of Marlene Ostler © 2020

 

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Four Figure Number Series

 

Pattern 5063 "Anglesey"

The bread & butter dish is 279mm long and 235mm wide. Earthenware.

Pattern 5063 bread and butter dish front

Pattern 5063 bread and butter dish front detail

Pattern 5063 bread and butter dish back

Pattern 5063 bread and butter dish marks

Ridgway & Abington seem to have purchased the printing plates from the Bell Works in 1855 after William Ridgway's second bankruptcy. That does not explain how John Ridgway's 'Anglesey' printing plates came to be at the Bell Works, but that is the only explanation for the Bedford Works having them.

Photos © Rebecca Coy 2021

 

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