Bell Works, Church Works, and Broad Street Works
'Albion' Table Shape

The 'Albion' shape would appear to have been introduced first to the Church Works to use with the "Albion" table pattern, probably as early as 1831. The shape was then exported to both the Bell Works, and to the Broad Street Works, and used extensively at both. It is not difficult to distinguish the wares of the three factories. The Bell Works only issued basic printed wares with the intials "WR" on the back stamp. The Broad Street Works mainly used the shape for stone wares, using a slightly different foot. Problems are, however, caused by the habit of the three factories borrowing earthenware blanks from each other when stocks ran low. Thus Church Works impressed marks can occur on Bell Works and Broad Street Works patterns, causing no end of confusion.

 

Bell Works

William Ridgway alone

"Grecian"

"Oriental"

"Persian"

 

Church Works and Cobden Works

William Ridgway & Co.
William Ridgway, Son, & Co.

"Apple-Blossom"

Pattern 1871

 

Broad Street Works

Ridgway, Morley, Wear, & Co.

"Japan Flowers"

Pattern 156

Pattern 188

Pattern 190

Pattern 207

Pattern 216

Pattern 253

Pattern 266

Pattern 279

 

Bell Works Patterns

 

"Grecian"

The dinner plate is 264mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Grecian dinner plate front

Grecian dinner plate back

Grecian dinner plate backstamp

The use of the beehive mark, as well as the simple "WR", distinguishes this Bell Works pattern from the urn & anchor mark used at the Church Works.

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Bell Works patterns

 

"Oriental"

The dessert plate or twiffler is 234mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Oriental dessert plate front

Oriental dessert plate back

Oriental dessert plate backstamp

The same beehive mark as on the "Grecian" pattern, denoting a Bell Works product.

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Bell Works patterns

 

"Persian"

The dessert plate or twiffler is 233mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Persian dessert plate front

Persian dessert plate back

Persian dessert plate backstamp

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Bell Works patterns

 

 

Church Works and Cobden Works Patterns

 

"Apple-Blossom"

The dinner plate is 264mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Apple Blossom dinner plate front

Apple Blossom dinner plate back

Apple Blossom dinner plate back marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Church Works patterns

 

Pattern 1871

The small muffin is 151mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 1871 muffin front

Pattern 1871 muffin back

Pattern 1871 muffin back marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Church Works patterns

 

 

Broad Street Works Patterns

All entries from the factory pattern description books are reproduced courtesy of The Wedgwood Museum Trust.

 

"Japan Flowers"

This pattern should not be confused with the John & William Ridgway "Japan Flowers" pattern, which is totally different.

The dessert plate or twiffler is 237mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Japan Flowers dessert plate front

Japan Flowers dessert plate back

Japan Flowers dessert plate marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

This shows how confusing matters can get when the factories exchanged earthenware blanks. Here you have a blank made at the Church Works being used on a Broad Street Works pattern. Here it is clear what has happened as the printed mark has the initials of the decorating partnership. When, however, the printed mark is anonymous, as is often the case, pieces can easily be misattributed.

The muffin is 203mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Japan Flowers muffin front

Japan Flowers muffin back

Japan Flowers muffin backstamp

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 156

The pattern description book reads:
'Table Albion BS. Printed in P[urple] Brown. Blue on biscuit. White Edge. Hicks 66 Cold Red & Dk Blue rich Gilt - (Scoured'

The dinner plate is 263mm in diameter. Blue Stone.

Pattern 156 dinner plate front

Pattern 156 dinner plate back

Pattern 156 dinner plate backstamp and pattern number

A typical Royal Arms mark from the Hicks & Meigh period. The original "66" has been cut out of the backstamp before being applied. The top of the curve of the first "6" can be seen between the "1" and the "5" of the painted pattern number.

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 188

The pattern description book reads:
'Table Albion BS. Toilet Florence. Printed in S[tone] Brown. Blue & Buff on biscuit. Lustre Edge. Peruvian Enamelld Dk Blued Gilt & Scored.'

The dessert plate or twiffler is 233mm in diameter. Blue Stone.

Pattern 188 dessert plate front

Pattern 188 dessert plate back

Pattern 188 dessert plate backstamp

A typical Crown and Ribbon mark from the early part of the Ridgway, Morley, Wear, & Co. period.

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 190

The pattern description book reads:
'Table Albion. Printed in S[tone] Brown. Nothing on biscuit. Lustre Edge. Peruvian Border. Rock Centre. End only. No Gold.'

The meat plate is 246mm long and 196mm wide. Blue Stone.

Pattern 190 meat dish front

Pattern 190 meat dish back

Pattern 190 meat dish backstamp and pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 207

The pattern description book reads:
'Table Albion BS. Dessert Milan. Toilet Florence. Printed in S[tone] Br[ow]n. Nothing on biscuit. Lustre Edge. Peruvian Pattn End only. No Gold or Dk Blue.'

For an example of a "Hot Water Plate" in this pattern, see the 'Pekin' shape page.

The dinner plate is 261mm in diameter. Blue Stone.

Pattern 207 dinner plate front

Pattern 207 dinner plate back

Pattern 207 dinner plate backstamp and pattern number

The soup plate is 260mm in diameter. Blue Stone.

Pattern 207 soup plate front

Pattern 207 soup plate back

Pattern 207 soup plate backstamp and pattern number

This is the only instance I have come across where there are two sizes of soup plate associated with the same pattern.

The small soup plate is 231mm in diameter. Blue Stone.

Pattern 207 small soup plate front

Pattern 207 small soup plate back

Pattern 207 small soup plate backstamp and pattern number

The dessert plate or twiffler is 231mm in diameter. Blue Stone.

Pattern 207 dessert plate front

Pattern 207 dessert plate back

Pattern 207 dessert plate backstamp and pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 216

The pattern number has worn off of this rather battered plate, but it fits the description of Pattern 216 exactly.

The pattern description book reads:
'Table Albion BS. Printed in Blue. Blue on biscuit. Same exact as 211 Without Gold.'
Pattern 211 gives the print name as 'Peruvian'.

The dessert plate or twiffler is 229mm in diameter. Blue Stone.

Pattern 216 dessert plate front

Pattern 216 dessert plate back

Pattern 216 dessert plate backstamp

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 253

The pattern description book reads:
'Table Albion BS. Printed in S[tone] Brown. Nothing on biscuit. Lustre Edge. Dk bead at edge 3 Large Bundles fancy flowers & Centre. Enamelld. No Gold.'
Elsewhere in the books this print is referred to by the name 'Nepaulese'.

The dinner plate is 263mm in diameter. Blue Stone.

Pattern 253 dinner plate front

Pattern 253 dinner plate back

Pattern 253 dinner plate backstamp and pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 266

The pattern description book reads:
'Table Albion BS. Printed in P[urple] Brown. Dk Blue &c on biscuit. Brown Edge. Dragon border outline 2 Vases chinese flower centre. Red green & Blue Japanned not gilt.'

The dessert plate or twiffler is 233mm in diameter. Blue Stone.

Pattern 266 dessert plate front

Pattern 266 dessert plate back

Pattern 266 dessert plate backstamp and pattern number

There are several versions of this form of Royal Arms mark used both at the Broad Street Works and at the Church Works. It is therefore important to take care in assigning a piece to either factory. In this case the heavy grey stoneware body marks it as a Broad Street works piece. See also below.

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 279

The pattern description book reads:
'Table Albion WS. Printed in P[urple] Brown. Nothing on biscuit. Brown Edge. Nankin Jar outline Enamelled not Gilt.'

The dinner plate is 269mm in diameter. White Stone.

Pattern 279 dinner plate front

Pattern 279 dinner plate back

Pattern 279 dinner plate backstamp and pattern number

There are several versions of this form of Royal Arms mark used both at the Broad Street Works and at the Church Works. It is therefore important to take care in assigning a piece to either factory. In this case the heavy grey stoneware body marks it as a Broad Street works piece.

Another version of the same mark on another Broad Street Works piece may be seen here.

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional