Church Works Patterns

Church Works, Hanley, Occupation Periods

Phillips & Thompson 1816/7-1819
Phillips & Bagster 1819-1823
John Denton Bagster 1823-1827/9?
Joseph Mayer? 1827?-1831?
William Ridgway & Co. 1828/31?-1838
William Ridgway, Son & Co.  1838-Nov.1845
(E. J.) Ridgway & Abington  Nov.1845-Jul.1860
Edward John Ridgway Jul.1860-1866

There is some considerable doubt as to when William Ridgway took over the Church Works from the executors of J D Bagster. There is some reason to suppose it was before his partnership with his brother John ended. Leonard Stanley Abington was a modeller who worked for Phillips and Bagster and became the "& Co" with William Ridgway. He appears to have been the artist responsible for the moulded jugs and other wares.

The Church Works was run in parallel with the Cobden Works, on the other side of High Street, Hanley, formerly owned by Elijah Mayer, between c.1832 and 1848. There is some evidence to suggest that Joseph Mayer, Elijah's son, and William Ridgway's cousin, bought the Church Works from Bagster's estate, and then leased it, with the Cobden Works, to William Ridgway & Co.

In 1866 E. J. Ridgway relocated to the then new Bedford Works. The products of that factory were not intended to be part of this survey, but one of two pieces have come to notice and are included below.

I ought, at this point, to enter a word of caution. The above information has been assembled by me from a variety of sources primarily, but not only, Dr Godden's various publications. However, the publications do not always agree on every point and the information does, therefore, need further checking.

Apart from the early traveller's book formerly in the possession of Dr Godden, and covering only patterns 1 to 196, I have been unable to trace any pattern information at all. The wares illustrated have been tracked down by the hard work of pattern, shape and mark matching. Where shapes have been shared with the Broad Street Works, the fact has been noted, and joint pages set up. Luckily we have detailed pattern and pattern description books for the Broad Street Works that help to separate the wares of the two factories. I have specifically excluded any wares that I have doubts about. Given those provisos, the list is as accurate as I can make it but I accept may be open to challenge. I would be grateful to anyone who has contrary information, if they would share it with me.

Named patterns

Moulded patterns without a known pattern number

Numbered patterns

Uncertain factory ~ Bone china patterns

 

Named Patterns.

Following the practice at Cauldon Place, printed patterns without further decoration were given a name, but no pattern number.

Click on thumbnail to see larger image.

"Albion" Dessert plate. Modified 'Wellington' shape. Earthenware, with grey coloured earthenware edge sprigs. "Albion" print in green. Albion
"Flosculous" Two oval dessert dishes, round dessert dish, dessert plate. 'Wellington' shape. Pale blue coloured earthenware. "Flosculous" print in green. Flosculous
'Helical' Toast rack. Pale blue coloured earthenware. 'Helical' print in green. Helical
"Armidale / Chirk" Vase. 'Beaker' shape. Earthenware. Printed in brown with stately homes in landcape. Heavy gilt decoration. Armidale
"Apple-Blossom" Dinner plate. 'Albion' shape. Earthenware. "Apple-Blossom" print in blue. Apple-Blossom
"Humphrey's Clock" Sauce tureen & stand, pie dish. 'Prussian' shape. (Pie Dish 'Albion' shape.) Earthenware. "Humphrey's Clock" set of prints in brown (views from The Old Curiosity Shop). Humphrey's Clock
"Union" Soup plate. 'Clarendon' shape. Earthenware. "Union" print in blue. Union
Urn & Temples Soup plate. 'Prussian' shape. Earthenware. Urn & Temples print in blue. Urn and Temples

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Moulded patterns without a known pattern number.

From the traveller's pattern book formerly in the possession of Dr Geoffrey Godden we know that moulded wares had pattern numbers. Unfortunately these numbers were not painted on the wares so we only know the numbers of the patterns in the book. The remainder are listed here.

Click on thumbnail to see larger image.

Floral dessert stone Square dessert dish, dessert plate. Buff stone coloured earthenware. Smear glaze. Floral dessert stone
Floral dessert blue Oval dessert dish. Pale blue coloured earthenware. Full glaze. Floral dessert blue
Floral dessert cream & gilt Oval, square dessert dishes. Cream coloured earthenware. Full glaze. Gilt shoulder line and tracing at edge. Floral dessert cream and gilt
Floral dessert cream Dessert plate. Cream coloured earthenware. Full glaze. Floral dessert cream
Floral dessert blue-grey Dessert plate. Blue-grey coloured earthenware. Smear glaze. Floral dessert blue-grey
'Pompeii' jug stone Jug. 'Pompeii' shape. "24" size. Buff stone coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside, smear glaze outside. Pompeii stone
'Pompeii' jug blue Covered filter jug. 'Pompeii' shape. "4" size. Pale blue coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside and out. Pompeii blue
Linen-Fold jug stone
Jug. Linen-Fold shape. "24" size. Buff stone coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside, smear glaze outside. Linen-Fold stone
'Alhambra' jug stone Jug. 'Alhambra' shape. "12" size. Stone coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside, smear glaze outside. Alhambra stone
"Bulrush" jug pale blue Minature jug. "Bulrush" shape. Pale blue coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside, smear glaze outside. Bulrush blue
"Bulrush" jug green-grey Jug. "Bulrush" shape. "36" size. Green-grey coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside, smear glaze outside. Bulrush greengrey
'Sylvan' jug parian Jug. 'Sylvan' shape. Pale cream parian. Full glaze inside, smear glaze outside. Sylvan parian
Uncle Tom's Cabin jug green-grey Jug. Uncle Tom's Cabin shape. "12" size. Greenish-grey coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside, smear glaze outside. Uncle Tom green-grey
Moses jug green-grey Jug. Moses shape. "12" size. Greenish-grey coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside, smear glaze outside. Moses green-grey
Dunmow Flitch jug off-white Two jugs. Dunmow Flitch shape. "12" and "30" sizes. Off-white coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside, smear glaze outside. Dunmow Flitch off-white
John Barleycorn jug stone Jug. John Barleycorn shape. "30" size. Buff stone coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside, smear glaze outside. John Barleycorn stone
John Barleycorn jug grey Jug. John Barleycorn shape. "30" size. Grey coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside, smear glaze outside. John Barleycorn grey
John Barleycorn jug off-white Two jugs, large and small. John Barleycorn shape. Off-white coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside, smear glaze outside. John Barleycorn off-white
'Sylvan' butter dish cane Covered butter dish and stand. Cane ware with earthenware liner. Liner fully glazed. Sylvan cane
John Barleycorn butter dish parian Covered butter dish and stand. Off-white parian body. Full glaze inside, smear glaze outside. John Barleycorn parian
Tazza style pot-pourri stone 8 inch diameter pot-pourri. Stone coloured earthenware. Smear glaze. Tazza pot-pourri stone
Tazza style pot-pourri grey-green 9 inch diameter pot-pourri. Grey-green coloured earthenware. Smear glaze. Tazza pot-pourri green-grey
Tulip candle-stick stone 7 inch Tulip candlestick. Buff stone coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside candle holder, smear glaze elsewhere. Tulip cs stone
Tulip candle-stick green-grey 9 inch Tulip candlestick. Green-grey coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside candle holder, smear glaze elsewhere. Tulip cs greengrey
Baluster candle-stick blue-grey 8 inch Baluster candlestick. Blue-grey coloured earthenware. Full glaze inside candle holder, smear glaze elsewhere. Baluster cs bluegrey

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Numbered Patterns.

1000 2000 3000 4000 5000

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33 Jugs with and without Britannia metal lid. 'Pompeii' shape. Blue coloured earthenware. Multicoloured hand-painted raised flower sprigs with gilt highlights. 33
41 Dessert plate. 'Wellington' shape. Blue coloured earthenware. Single flower head with two buds in centre. Three large flower heads, each with three buds, on border. White raised slip flower heads and dark blue applied underglaze. Multicoloured decoration overglaze. Gilt highlights and edge line. Florets at edge in white and dark blue. 41
57 Round dessert dish. 'Wellington' shape. Blue coloured earthenware. Centre flowers in cornucopiae. Three large and three small sprigs round border. White and grey raised slip flower heads and dark blue applied underglaze. Multicoloured decoration overglaze. Gilt highlights and edge line. Florets at edge in white and dark blue. Handles blue & gilt with white florets. 57
60 Set of three jugs. 'Pompeii' shape. Blue coloured earthenware. Multicoloured hand-painted raised flower sprigs as pattern 33 but with orange highlights. 60
65 Vase. 'Beaker' shape. Blue coloured earthenware. Chinese figures in black and gilt round body. Ornaments in black, white and gilt round neck and foot. Handles half gilt. Gilt bands round foot and lip. 65
68 Dessert plate. 'Wellington' shape. Blue coloured earthenware. Centre flowers in cornucopiae. Three large and three small sprigs round border. White and grey raised slip flower heads and dark blue applied underglaze. Multicoloured decoration overglaze. Gilt highlights. No edge line, no decoration to edge florets. 68
153 Minature jug. 'Pompeii' shape. Blue coloured earthenware. Single multicoloured hand-painted raised flower sprig on each side of jug. Gilt highlights, edge and tracery on handle. 153
176 Wide urn shaped vase. Blue coloured earthenware. White raised slip reserves with multicoloured landscapes. Surrounded by black and gilt leaves and white and gilt flowers. Gilt leaf circlet at top, gilt highlights to top, handles, stem and base. 176
180 Dessert plate. 'Wellington' shape. Blue coloured earthenware. Centre flowers in cornucopiae. Three large and three small sprigs round border. White raised slip flower heads and dark blue applied underglaze. Multicoloured decoration overglaze. Gilt highlights and edge line. 180
206 Vase. 'India Jar' shape. Blue coloured earthenware. Ornate multicoloured Chinese design with figures, dragons, flowers, &c. 206
260 Wide urn shaped vase. Blue coloured earthenware. White raised slip reserves with multicoloured landscapes. Surrounded by black and gilt leaves and white and gilt flowers. Gilt leaf circlet at top, gilt highlights to top, handles, stem and base. 260
278 Leaf dessert dish. Blue coloured earthenware. One small centre flower sprig, and three large and three small border flower sprigs. White raised slip flower heads and leaves applied underglaze. Multicoloured decoration overglaze. Gilt edge line, slight tracing to handles. 278
285 Centre piece, two rectangular, and one each oval and leaf dessert dishes, dessert plate. Blue coloured earthenware. Flower basket and flower centre, and three large and three small border flower sprigs. White raised slip flower heads and dark blue leaves applied underglaze. Multicoloured decoration overglaze. Gilt highlights, edge line, slight tracing to handles. Centre boss of handles blued. 285
306 Dressing table pot with lid. Blue coloured earthenware. White raised slip flower heads applied underglaze. Multicoloured floral sprig decoration overglaze. Gilt rings on lid, edge, and foot. 306
307 Dessert plate. Cream coloured earthenware. Flower basket and flower centre, and three large and three small border flower sprigs. White raised slip flower heads and dark blue leaves applied underglaze. Multicoloured decoration overglaze. Gilt highlights, edge line, slight tracing to handles. 307
333 Dressing table pot (minus lid). Grey-green coloured earthenware. White and blue slips applied underglaze, with detailing in gilt. White figure on blue panel, interchanging with flower sprig. Gilt edge and foot lines. 333
343 Mug. Blue coloured earthenware. White raised slip flower heads and dark blue leaves applied underglaze. Multicoloured decoration overglaze. Gilt highlights, edge inside and out, spikes on handle. 343
400 Round dessert dish. 'Wellington' shape. Earthenware. Printed in brown, single flower group centre, network border with flower groups. Filled rose, yellow green, purple, iron-red. Brown edge line. 400
401 Dessert plate. 'Wellington' shape. Earthenware. Printed in green, single flower group centre, network border with flower groups. Filled rose, yellow green, purple, yellow. Green edge line. 401
484 Tea cup and saucer. Earthenware. Border covered in pale blue slip under glaze. Overglaze gilt edge line, linen-fold inner border edge line, centre line on saucer, foot line, spikes on handle. 484
494 Tam o'Shanter style jug without the story moulding, "12" size. Blue coloured earthenware. Multicoloured hand-painted raised birds and flower sprigs with gilt highlights. Gilt edge line inside and out, spikes on handle. 494
516 Tam o'Shanter style jug without the story moulding, "9" size. Blue coloured earthenware. Multicoloured hand-painted raised flower heads and leaves with gilt highlights. Gilt edge line inside and out, spikes on handle. 516
530 Rectangular, leaf dessert dishes, dessert plate. Earthenware. Border covered in pale blue slip under glaze. Overglaze gilt edge line, linen-fold inner border edge line, centre line. 530
553 Tam o'Shanter style jug without the story moulding, "36" size. Green coloured earthenware. Multicoloured hand-painted raised birds and flower sprigs with gilt highlights. Gilt edge line inside and out, spikes on handle. 553
576 Dessert plate. Earthenware. Birds and flower sprigs printed in purple brown and filled underglaze blue, and overglaze iron-red, yellow green, and yellow, with gilt highlights. Gilt edge line. 576
587 Teapot stand. 'Grecian' shape. Earthenware. J&W Ridgway "Dresden Opaque China" print (less shoulder border) in green, filled underglaze blue and iron-red. 587
613 Leaf or shell dessert dish. 'Milan' shape. Blue coloured earthenware. Floral and leaf sprigs printed in brown and filled in yellow green. Gilt edge line and highlights. Gilt tracing on handles. 613
615 Dessert plate. 'Milan' shape. Earthenware. Single centre flower sprig with 3 leaf groups, border alternating flower groups with butterfly groups, narrow criss-cross edge, all printed in brown. Filled yellow green with yellow brown contrasts. 615
617 Leaf dessert dish, dessert plate. 'Milan' shape. Earthenware. Border covered in pale blue slip under glaze. Overglaze brown edge line, linen-fold inner border edge line. 617
636 Dessert plate, 'Milan' shape. Earthenware. "Apple-Blossom" print in brown, filled underglaze yellow green. 636
681 Dessert plate. 'Clarendon' shape with moulded border. Earthenware. Edge moulding picked out in green and gilt. Printed centre star in same colours. Gilt edge line and shoulder line. 681
775 Mug. Buff stone coloured earthenware. Printed[?] circlet of flowers filled green, white, rose, purple, iron-red. Gilt rings inside & outside lip, gilt foot rim, and tracing on handle. 775
776 Pair of mugs. Buff stone coloured earthenware. Printed[?] circlet of flowers filled green, white, rose, purple, iron-red. Gilt rings inside & outside lip, gilt foot rim, and spike on handle. 776
938 Leaf dessert dish. 'Clarendon' shape. Blue coloured earthenware. Birds and flower sprigs printed in brown and filled ug blue, yellow green, yellow, and iron red, with gilt highlights. Gilt edge line, shoulder line, tracing on handle. 938
954 Tam o'Shanter style jug without the story moulding, "24" size. Buff stone coloured earthenware. Birds and flower sprigs printed in brown and filled ug blue, yellow green, yellow, and iron red, with gilt highlights. Gilt edge line inside and out, spikes on handle. 954
1094 Dessert plate. 'Clarendon' shape. Earthenware with a pale greenish glaze. One large and two small floral sprigs printed in brown, leaves in underglaze blue or overglaze yellow green, flower heads painted in white, then overpainted in rose, purple, pale blue, and iron-red. Gilt highlights and edge line. 1094
1161 Centre piece. 'Prussian'[?] shape. Earthenware. Pale blue border with white reserves. Central and reserve floral prints in purple brown, filled rose, yellow green, iron-red, blue, yellow, blue green. Marone scrolling round reserves, edge line, shoulder line, foot line, tracing on handles. 1161
1169 Oval and leaf dessert dishes, dessert plate. 'Clarendon' shape. Earthenware. Grey border with white reserves. Central and reserve floral prints in purple brown, filled rose, yellow green, iron-red, blue, yellow, blue green. Gilt scrolling round reserves, edge line, shoulder line, tracing on handles. 1169
1311 Oval dish, square dish, dessert plate. 'Clarendon' shape. Earthenware with a pale greenish glaze. Floral print in purple brown, filled underglaze blue and overglaze multicolours. Gilt highlights and edge line. 1311
1313 Dessert plate. 'Clarendon' shape. Earthenware with a pale greenish glaze. Floral prints in purple brown with hand painted fern effect in blue-green between them. Leaves filled underglaze blue, yellow green, blue-green. Flower heads filled in white, with rose, purple, blue, yellow, and opaque orange. Gilt highlights and edge line. 1313
1471 Dessert plate. 'Clarendon' shape. Earthenware. A variant of the 'Union' print in dark brown with shell and scroll edge and shoulder bands. Pale blue border. 1471
1489 Dessert plate. Earthenware. Centre print of classical urn with female head on wall with ivy, and shell and scroll shoulder band printed in dark brown. Wall picked out in overglaze salmon and ivy in yellow and yellow green. Pale blue border with edge feathering in underglaze blue. Gilt highlights to urn, edge and shoulder lines, tracing on feathering. 1489
1623 Teapot, tea cup & saucer, 7 inch muffin. Earthenware. Pale blue Japan style floral print filled underglaze blue, and overglaze iron-red, yellow green, yellow. Gilt highlights & line at edge. 1623
1871 Small muffin. 'Albion' shape. Earthenware. Centre and three border flower sprigs printed in dark brown, and filled in green overglaze. Gilt highlights & edge line. 1871
1981 Dessert plate. Earthenware. Centre star, shoulder band, and sprigs on border printed in dark brown. Cream border, with feathering in underglaze blue. Border sprigs filled underglaze blue and overglaze white, iron-red, purple, yellow green, blue green, yellow. Gilt highlights, edge line, shoulder line, tracing on feathering. 1981
2264 Two dinner plates. 'Prussian' shape. Earthenware. "Hong Kong" print in flow blue, filled underglaze blue, and overglaze iron-red, blue green, yellow. Opaque orange hights, edge line. 2264
2315 tea Teapot. 'Alhambra' shape. Earthenware. Arabesque panels framed in iron-red, and highlighted in black. Gilt edges to panels, tracing on handle & knob. 2315
2315 jug Jug with Britannia metal lid. 'Alhambra' shape. Earthenware. Arabesque panels framed in iron-red, and highlighted in black. Gilt edges to panels, tracing on handle. 2315
2618 Dessert plate. Earthenware. Japan-style print in flow mulberry, filled iron-red, rose, purple, opaque orange, yellow green. Gilt highlights, edge line, tracing on feathering. 2618
2667 Leaf dessert dish, dessert plate. Dish 'Clarendon' shape. Earthenware. Floral sheet print in flow blue, filled blue green, yellow green, iron-red, purple, brown. Opaque orange highlights, edge line, tracing on handle and feathering. 2667
2731 Dessert plate. Earthenware. Japan-style print in flow mulberry, filled iron-red, rose, purple, opaque orange, yellow green. Opaque orange highlights, tracing on moulding. 2731
3005 Oval dessert dish, dessert plate. Dish 'Clarendon' shape. Earthenware. Japan-style print with dragon vase in centre, printed in flow mulberry, filled multi. Salmon in shoulder band, Opaque orange highlights, edge line, tracing on handles and feathering. 3005
3045 Dessert plate. Earthenware. Japan-style rock and flower print in flow blue, filled iron-red, purple, yellow, yellow-green. Gilt highlights, spirals and edge to border panels, edge line on mouldings. 3045
3200 Dessert plate. Earthenware. Japan-style rock and flower print in flow mulberry, filled iron-red, purple, yellow, yellow green. Opaque orange highlights, edge line, tracing on feathering. 3200
3363 Leaf dessert dish. 'Clarendon' shape. Earthenware. "Simlay" print in flow mulberry, filled multi. Vase in deep brown & opaque orange. Opaque orange tracing on handle. Brown edge. 3363
4317 Dessert plate. Earthenware. "Noma" print in flow mulberry, filled iron-red, rose, opaque orange, yellow green, blue green. Gilt highlights, edge line, tracing on feathering. 4317
4318 table Dinner plate. 'Prussian' shape. Earthenware. "Noma" print in flow mulberry, filled iron-red, rose, opaque orange, yellow green, blue green. Opaque orange highlights. Brown edge. 4318
4318 dessert Dessert plate. Earthenware. 'Noma' print in flow mulberry, filled as 4317, but opaque orange instead of gilt. 4318
5566 Square and oval dessert dishes, dessert plate. Earthenware. Japan-style print with dragon vase in centre, printed in flow mulberry, filled iron-red and rose. Salmon in shoulder band. Opaque orange edge line. 5566

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Uncertain Factory

The following bone china wares are a puzzle. They are 'Milan' shape, which is a William Ridgway shape, yet William is supposed not to have produced bone china. There is a reference in John Ward's 'The Borough of Stoke-upon-Trent' (1843) quoted, without page reference, in Geoffrey Godden's 'Ridgway Porcelains' (Woodbridge, 1985), p.140, when referring to the various works of William Ridgway:
'First, a china manufactory in Hanley, formerly George Taylor's and afterwards Thomas Taylor's, this being carried on by the firm of W. Ridgway & Son. c. 1835 onwards.'
Although Godden then goes on to describe the products of most of the works listed, he ignores this one, and does not attempt to pinpoint its location. This is the only factory of William's that Ward lists as a 'china manufactory', the rest being referred to as 'earthenware manufactory' or 'pot-works'. Of course, one doesn't know how accurate Ward's descriptions are, or exactly what he meant by 'china'. When I showed these pieces to Geoffrey Godden he was inclined to think these pieces may well be by William Ridgway.

Bone China Patterns.

Click on thumbnail to see larger image.

1/44 Leaf or shell dessert dish. 'Milan' shape. Bone china. Wide green border. Centre flower sprig printed in puce, filled red, rose, yellow green, yellow, off-white. Gilt wide and narrow lines round centre, gilt line arround border. Edge mouldings gilt dotted and c-scrolls around. Handle traced in gilt. 1/44
1/81 Dessert plate. 'Milan' shape. Bone china. Marone scallopped border with gilt line in and out. Cream flower head with gilt leaves & fern at border peaks. Small flower groups between peaks printed in puce and filled with mulicoloured enamels. Gilt centre line and ring. 1/81

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Bedford Works

Bedford Works, Hanley, Occupation Periods

Edward John Ridgway 1866-1867
E. J. Ridgway & Son 1867-1872
Ridgway, Sparks, & Ridgway 1873-1879
Ridgways 1879-1916
Ridgways (Bedford Works) Ltd. 1916-Oct.1952
Ridgway & Adderley Ltd. Oct.1952-Jan.1955
Ridgway, Adderley, Booths, & Colcloughs Ltd. Jan.1955-Feb.1955
Ridgway Potteries Ltd. Feb.1955-1964
Allied English Potteries Ltd. 1964-Dec.1972

On 1 January 1973 Allied English Potteries Ltd. was merged with Royal Doulton Tableware Ltd.
The frontage on Bedford Road is still intact, as is some of the boundary wall. The rest has been demolished to make way for commercial premises. The Ridgway Memorial Chapel, built by Edward as a Methodist chapel, is now an Islamic centre.

 

Edward John Ridgway

'Fluted Jug' chocolate Jug. Earthenware. Enamelled in chocolate, light green, and cream. Gilt highlights. Fluted Jug chocolate
'Fluted Jug' white Jug. Earthenware. Semi-matt white glaze. Fluted Jug white
'Fluted Jug' blue Jug with Britannia Metal lid. Earthenware. Enamelled in dark blue and pale yellow. Gilt highlights. Fluted Jug blue

Ridgways
Ridgways (Bedford Works) Ltd.

"Humphrey's Clock" blue Toy saucer, teapot, tea cup & saucer, muffin. Earthenware. "Humphrey's Clock" set of prints in blue (views from The Old Curiosity Shop). Humphrey's Clock

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