Cauldon Place Works
'Unhandled', 'Bute', and 'Grecian' shape
tea and breakfast wares
Page 1

In view of the fact that the early patterns related only to style of decoration and not shape, or colour, or even whether a service was hand-painted or bat-printed, it seems sensible to combine the three shapes on one page. 'Unhandled' and 'Bute' shape saucers are identical.

Geoffrey Godden published a number of photos of these shapes in Ridgway Porcelains (1985) as follows:
Pattern 388, Porringer shape breakfast cup & saucer, p.30, Plate 23.
Pattern 399, New Oval teapot, creamer, & sugar box, p.31, Plates 24 & 25.
Pattern 426 (bat printed), New Oval creamer & sugar box; 'Bute' cup, saucer, & cans, p.33, Plates 26 & 27.
Pattern 426 (painted en grisaille), early London creamer & sugar box; 'Bute' cup & saucer, p.34, Plates 28 & 29
Pattern 487, 'Bute' cup, 'Grecian' cup & early London teapot, p.2, Colour Plate 1.
Pattern 487, 'Bute' cup, can, & saucer, p.30, Plate 22.
Pattern 487, early London teapot, creamer, & sugar box; 'Grecian' large saucer dish, tea cup & saucer, p.67, Plate 64.
Pattern 487, 'Grecian' tea cup & saucer, p.68, Plate 65.
Pattern 2/36, small round teapot, p.38, Plate 34.
Pattern 2/177, London teapot stand, p.89, Plate 93.
Pattern 2/181, early London teapot, sugar box, creamer; 'Grecian' slop bowl, pp.87-8, Plates 89 to 92.
Pattern 2/614, late London teapot & sugar box, p.90, Plates 94 & 95.

Job Ridgway & Sons

Rose Swags on Rocks

Hare and Leverets

Pattern 311

Pattern 313

Pattern 317

Pattern 336

Pattern 388

Pattern 390

Pattern 391

Pattern 396

Pattern 399

Pattern 405

Pattern 414

Pattern 418

Pattern 426

Pattern 435

Pattern 439

Pattern 441

Pattern 446

Pattern 452

Pattern 455

Pattern 459

 

Rose Swags on Rocks

As far as I am aware this unusual print has not previously been published.

The coffee can and saucer. Earthenware.

Rose Swags on Rocks coffee can and saucer

Rose Swags on Rocks saucer front

Rose Swags on Rocks saucer marks

An example of the rare impressed "Ridgway" mark. Also note the printed numeral common on early Ridgway blue & white.

Rose Swags on Rocks coffee can right side

Rose Swags on Rocks coffee can top

Photos © Brian Allaker 2021

 

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Hare and Leverets

The 'Bute' or 'Unhandled' shape saucer is 5.12 inches (130mm) in diameter. Earthenware.

Hare and Leverets saucer front

Hare and Leverets saucer back

Note the printed numeral common on early Ridgway blue & white.

Hare and Leverets saucer mark

An example of the rare impressed "Ridgway" mark.

Photos © Sandra Taylor 2019

 

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Pattern 311

The New Oval shape teapot stand is 205mm long and 163mm wide. Bone china.

Pattern 311 teapot stand front

Pattern 311 teapot stand front detail

Pattern 311 teapot stand back

Pattern 311 teapot stand pattern number

Photos © John Harbold 2021

The 'Bute' shape coffee can. Bone china.

Pattern 311 coffee can middle side

Pattern 311 coffee can left side

The number 311 is written in red on the base, but I have no photo of this.

Photos © Anonymous 2020

 

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Pattern 313

'Bute' shape. The saucer is 137mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 313 cup and saucer

Pattern 313 cup and saucer

Pattern 313 cup and saucer

Pattern 313 cup and saucer

Pattern 313 saucer pattern number

Photos © Robert Hawker 2019

The 8 inch muffin is 200mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 313 muffin front

Pattern 313 muffin front detail

Pattern 313 muffin back

Pattern 313 muffin pattern number

Photos © Roger Mortimer 2020

 

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Pattern 317

Birds from Bewick.

The cans have no pattern numbers but Michael Berthoud illustrates a creamer of Ridgway New Oval shape marked 317 in his A Cabinet of British Creamers (1999), p.94, Plate 559. Also a teapot of Ridgway New Oval shape with this decoration has been observed bearing the Pattern number 317.1
The 'Bute' shape coffee can. Bone china.

Pattern 317 coffee can middle side

Pattern 317 coffee can left side

Pattern 317 coffee can base

Pattern 317 coffee can name

The 'Bute' shape coffee can. Bone china.

Pattern 317 coffee can 2 middle side

Pattern 317 coffee can 2 left side

Pattern 317 coffee can 2 base

Pattern 317 coffee can 2 name

Photos © Anonymous 2020

 

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Pattern 336

'Unhandled' shape. Bone china.

Pattern 336 cup and saucer

The saucer is 142mm in diameter.

Pattern 336 saucer front

Pattern 336 saucer side

Pattern 336 saucer base

Pattern 336 saucer pattern number

The cup is 87mm in diameter, and 48mm tall.

Pattern 336 cup top

Pattern 336 cup first side

Pattern 336 cup second side

Pattern 336 cup base

Pattern 336 cup pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 388

This is the same breakfast cup and saucer illustrated by Geoffrey Godden in his Ridgway Porcelains (Woodbridge, 1985), p.30, Plate 23. You can tell by the rubs in the centre of the saucer being identical. It is also the same breakfast cup illustrated by Michael Berthould in his A Compendium of British Cups (Bridgnorth, 1990), p.58, Plate 346 (also An Anthology of British Cups (Wingham, 1982), p.50, Plate 299). You can tell by where the underglaze blue spreads into the reserves. Ex Christopher May Collection.
I would be very grateful to learn of any other examples of this shape or pattern number that may exist.

The breakfast cup and saucer. Bone china.

Pattern 388 breakfast cup and saucer

The breakfast saucer is 168mm in diameter.

Pattern 388 breakfast saucer front

Pattern 388 breakfast saucer side

Pattern 388 breakfast saucer back

Pattern 388 breakfast saucer pattern number

The breakfast cup is 113mm in diameter and 68mm tall. The handle protrudes 18mm.

Pattern 388 breakfast cup top

Pattern 388 breakfast cup side

Pattern 388 breakfast cup handle

Pattern 388 breakfast cup base

Pattern 388 breakfast cup pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 390

The 'Bute' shape coffee can. Bone china.

Pattern 390 coffee can left side

The number 390 is written in black on the base, but I have no photo of this.

Photos © Anonymous 2020

 

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Pattern 391

The 'Bute' shape tea cup is 98mm across and 57mm tall. Bone china.

Pattern 391 tea cup left side

Pattern 391 tea cup left side detail

Pattern 391 tea cup middle side

Pattern 391 tea cup right side detail

Pattern 391 tea cup top

Pattern 391 tea cup base

As happens quite often with early Ridgway the cup is not numbered. It was identified by comparison with the numbered can below,

Photos © White Whale Limited 2021

 

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The 'Bute' shape coffee can. Bone china.

Pattern 391 coffee can left side

The number 391 is written in red on the base, but I have no photo of this.

Photos © Anonymous 2020

 

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Pattern 396

'Unhandled' cup & saucer. Bone china.

Pattern 396 cup and saucer

The saucer. Bone china.

Pattern 396 saucer front

Pattern 396 saucer back

Pattern 396 saucer pattern number

The 'Unhandled' cup. Bone china.

Pattern 396 cup top

Pattern 396 cup side

Pattern 396 cup base

Pattern 396 cup pattern number

The cups & saucers vary in size. This may be due to some being on bought in blanks.

Pattern 396 pair of cups and saucers top

Pattern 396 pair of cups and saucers base

Photos © Manel Rico 2020

 

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Pattern 399

A new oval shape teapot, sugar box and creamer of this pattern are illustrated by Geoffrey Godden in his Ridgway Porcelains (Woodbridge, 1985), p.31, Plates 24 & 25.

The teapot. Bone china.

Pattern 399 teapot side

Pattern 399 teapot filter detail

Pattern 399 teapot base

Pattern 399 teapot pattern number

Photos © Jonathan Dutton 2019

 

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Pattern 405

This pattern amply illustrates why I grouped all three shapes on one page. We have a 'Grecian' shape saucer dish with 'Bute' shape cup, can, and saucer. I bought the dish, cup, and saucer from the same source at the same time, so they most probably came from the same service. Only the dish has a pattern number.

The 'Grecian' shape small saucer dish is 197mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 405 small saucer dish front

Pattern 405 small saucer dish side

Pattern 405 small saucer dish back

Pattern 405 small saucer dish pattern number

The 'Bute' shape saucer is 143mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 405 saucer front

Pattern 405 saucer side

Pattern 405 saucer back

The 'Bute' shape cup is 88mm in diameter, and 53mm tall. The handle protrudes 19mm. Bone china.

Pattern 405 cup top

Pattern 405 cup side

Pattern 405 cup handle

Pattern 405 cup base

The 'Bute' shape can is 66mm in diameter, and 57mm tall. The handle protrudes 21mm. Bone china.

Pattern 405 can top

Pattern 405 can side

Pattern 405 can handle

Pattern 405 can base

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 414

The 'Unhandled'/'Bute' shape saucer dish is 8.5 inches in diameter.

Pattern 414 saucer dish front

Pattern 414 saucer dish side

Pattern 414 saucer dish back

Pattern 414 saucer dish pattern number

Photos © Jonathan Charles 2018

 

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Pattern 418

The creamer, of new oval type, is 145mm long, 79mm wide, and 108mm tall. Bone china.

Pattern 418 creamer top

Pattern 418 creamer left side

Pattern 418 creamer lip end

Pattern 418 creamer right side

Pattern 418 creamer handle end

Pattern 418 creamer base

Pattern 418 creamer pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 426

According to Dr. Godden this pattern is available in at least two versions, bat-printed in black, and hand-painted en grisaille, the only link being the double edge line, broad and narrow, in gilt. See G. A. Godden, Ridgway Porcelains (Woodbridge, 1985), pp.33-4, Plates 26-29.

This is another 'guess what it is' piece. The seller, I feel more in exasperation than hope, had labelled it a 'tureen stand'. I know of no tureen that would fit it. It certainly is heavily potted enough to be a stand, though I have come across pieces of this vintage that are undoubtedly plates, and equally heavily potted. It shows no rub marks one would expect to find on a stand.
The muffin or dish or stand[?] is 185mm in diameter and 35mm tall. Bone china.

Pattern 426 dish front

This print is illustrated by Godden on a saucer. Ridgway Porcelains, p.33, Plate 26.

Pattern 426 dish front detail

Pattern 426 dish side

Pattern 426 dish back

Pattern 426 dish pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 435

The 'Bute' shape tea cup is 85mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 435 tea cup left side

Pattern 435 tea cup middle side

Pattern 435 tea cup right side

Pattern 435 tea cup handle side

Pattern 435 tea cup handle detail

Pattern 435 tea cup top detail

Pattern 435 tea cup left side

The cup has no pattern number. This is quite usual with early Ridgway cups.

Photos © Buckinghamshire Antiques 2020

The 'Bute' shape coffee can. Bone china.

Pattern 435 coffee can left side

The number 435 is written in black on the base, but I have no photo of this.

Photos © Anonymous 2020

The Porringer shape tea cup (possibly from a breakfast service) is 78mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 435 porringer tea cup left side

Pattern 435 porringer tea cup middle side

Pattern 435 porringer tea cup right side

Pattern 435 porringer tea cup handle side

Pattern 435 porringer tea cup handle detail

Pattern 435 porringer tea cup top detail

Pattern 435 porringer tea cup base

The cup has no pattern number. This is quite usual with early Ridgway cups.

Photos © Buckinghamshire Antiques 2020

 

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Pattern 439

'Unhandled' shape. Bone china.

Pattern 439 cup and saucer

The saucer is 138mm in diameter.

Pattern 439 saucer front

Pattern 439 saucer side

Pattern 439 saucer back

Pattern 439 saucer pattern number

The cup is 88mm in diameter, and 47mm tall.

Pattern 439 cup front

Pattern 439 cup side

Pattern 439 cup back

Pattern 439 cup pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 441

The teapot and sugar box. Bone china.

Pattern 441 teapot and sugar box

The teapot is 265mm handle to spout. Bone china.

Pattern 441 teapot left side

Pattern 441 teapot left side of spout

Pattern 441 teapot spout side

Pattern 441 teapot right side of handle

Pattern 441 teapot top

Pattern 441 teapot underside of lid

Pattern 441 teapot top of teapot base

Pattern 441 teapot filter detail

Pattern 441 teapot base

Pattern 441 teapot pattern number

The sugar box is 195mm handle to handle. Bone china.

Pattern 441 sugar box side

Pattern 441 sugar box handle

Pattern 441 sugar box base

Pattern 441 sugar box pattern number

Photos © Paul Mooney 2021

 

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Pattern 446

The sugar box. Early 'Grecian' shape. Bone china.

Pattern 446 sugar box

Pattern 446 sugar box top

Pattern 446 sugar box side

Pattern 446 sugar box handle

Pattern 446 sugar box base

Pattern 446 sugar box pattern number

The painter has written "426", realised his mistake, and changed it to "446".

The slop bowl is 150mm in diameter, and 90mm tall. 'Bute' shape. Bone china.

Pattern 446 slop bowl top

Pattern 446 slop bowl side

Pattern 446 slop bowl base

Pattern 446 slop bowl pattern number

Again it appears that the painter has written "426", and then altered it to "446".

The saucer dish is 220mm in diameter. 'Bute' shape. Bone china.

Pattern 446 saucer dish front

Pattern 446 saucer dish side

Pattern 446 saucer dish back

Pattern 446 saucer dish pattern number

Here the "446" has been written as such without alteration.

The saucer. 'Bute' shape. Bone china.

Pattern 446 saucer front

Pattern 446 saucer back

The tea cup. 'Bute' shape. Bone china.

Pattern 446 tea cup left side

Pattern 446 tea cup handle side

Pattern 446 tea cup right side

Pattern 446 tea cup base

The coffee can. 'Bute' shape. Bone china.

Pattern 446 coffee can left side

Pattern 446 coffee can handle side

Pattern 446 coffee can right side

Photos © Martyn Price 2020

 

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Pattern 452

'Bute' shape coffee can. Bone china.

Pattern 452 coffee can left side

Pattern 452 coffee can middle side

Pattern 452 coffee can handle side

Pattern 452 coffee can top

Pattern 452 coffee can base

Pattern 452 coffee can pattern number

Photos © Peter McGill ~ Cotswold Antiques 2021

'Grecian' shape tea cup & saucer. Bone china.

Pattern 452 saucer front

Pattern 452 saucer profile

Pattern 452 saucer back

Pattern 452 saucer pattern number

Pattern 452 tea cup top

Pattern 452 tea cup side

Pattern 452 tea cup handle

Pattern 452 tea cup base

No pattern number on cup.

Photos © Len Kling 2018

 

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Pattern 455

The New Oval shape teapot (minus lid) is 11 inches long and 5.625 inches high. Bone china.

Pattern 455 teapot side

Pattern 455 teapot top and strainer

Pattern 455 teapot base

Pattern 455 teapot pattern number

Photos © Robert Hawker 2019

The 'Bute' shape saucer. Bone china.

Pattern 455 saucer front

Pattern 455 saucer front detail

Pattern 455 saucer side

Pattern 455 saucer back

The 'Bute' shape cup. Bone china.

Pattern 455 tea cup left side

Pattern 455 tea cup middle side

Pattern 455 tea cup right side

Pattern 455 tea cup handle side

Pattern 455 tea cup base

Photos © Aili Jurmann 2019

I have seen photos of an 'Unhandled' shape cup in this pattern.

 

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Pattern 459

The New Oval creamer is 146mm long and 111mm tall. Bone china.

Pattern 459 creamer left side

Pattern 459 creamer lip side

Pattern 459 creamer right side

Pattern 459 creamer handle side

Pattern 459 creamer base

Pattern 459 creamer pattern number

Photos © Martyn Edgell 2021

 

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Notes.

1. Information supplied by John Harbold.

 

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