Church Works and Broad Street Works
'Milan' shape

As with the 'Wellington' and 'Albion' shapes, the 'Milan' shape appears to have been designed at the Church Works and was then exported to the Broad Street Works.

 

Church Works and Cobden Works

William Ridgway & Co.
William Ridgway, Son, & Co.

Pattern 613

Pattern 615

Pattern 617

Pattern 636

 

Broad Street Works

Ridgway, Morley, Wear, & Co.

Pattern 186

Pattern 200

Pattern 206

Pattern 278

Pattern 312

 

Uncertain Factory

W. Ridgway & Son?

Pattern 1/44

Pattern 1/81

 

Church Works and Cobden Works Patterns

 

Pattern 613

The leaf or shell dessert dish is 254mm long and 234mm wide. Pale blue coloured earthenware.

Pattern 613 leaf dessert dish front

Pattern 613 leaf dessert dish back

Pattern 613 leaf dessert dish pattern number

The pattern number is faint and fragmentary, but the only number possible from what remains is "613".

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 615

The dessert plate is 231mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 615 dessert plate front

Pattern 615 dessert plate back

Pattern 615 dessert plate marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 617

The leaf dessert dish is 256mm long and 240mm wide. Earthenware.

Pattern 617 leaf dessert dish front

Pattern 617 leaf dessert dish back

Pattern 617 leaf dessert dish marks

The dessert plate is 231mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 617 dessert plate front

Pattern 617 dessert plate back

Pattern 617 dessert plate marks

The impressed mark reads: "OPAQUE / GRANITE / CHINA / W. R. & Co".

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 636

The dessert plate is 234mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 636 dessert plate front

Pattern 636 dessert plate back

Pattern 636 dessert plate marks

This is the lowest pattern number I have seen with a William Ridgway, Son, & Co. backstamp.

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Broad Street Works Patterns

All entries from the factory pattern description books are reproduced courtesy of The Wedgwood Museum Trust.

 

Pattern 186

The pattern description book reads:
'Table Albion. Desst Milan. Toilet Florence. Printed in S[tone] Brown. Dk Blue & Buff on Biscuit. Lustre Edge. Light Blue Base Gd - Peruvian Pattn End Blued & Gilt Scoured Desst Burnished.'

The leaf dessert dish is 257mm long and 236mm wide. Blue Stone.

Pattern 186 leaf dessert dish front

Pattern 186 leaf dessert dish back

Pattern 186 leaf dessert dish marks

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 200

The pattern description book reads:
'Dest Milan. Printed in S[tone] Brown. Various Cols on Biscuit. White Edge. Drab base Ground Basket Centre as 195 Gilt Centre scoured 2 lines Burnished.'

The dessert plate is 232mm in diameter. Blue Stone.
Virtually all the gilding has worn off of this plate. Only slight traces are left.

Pattern 200 dessert plate front

Pattern 200 dessert plate back

Pattern 200 dessert plate marks

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 206

The pattern description book reads:
'Dessert Milan B[lue] Stone. Printed in S[tone] Brown. Various Cols on biscuit. Lustre Edge. Peruvian Pattn Cold U Glaze, Dk Green Band at Edge gilt & Burnished.'

The dessert plate is 227mm in diameter. Blue Stone.

Pattern 206 dessert plate front

Pattern 206 dessert plate back

Pattern 206 dessert plate marks

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 278

The pattern description book reads:
'Des't Milan WS. Print S Brown. Nothing on biscuit. Brown edge. As 270 but on White Stone.'
The print is described as 'Water Lily' in the factory pattern description books. The only difference between Blue Stone and White is that they used a blue-tinted glaze for the Blue and a clear glaze for the White. The same grey ironstone body was used for both.

The square dessert dish is 274mm long, and 243mm wide. White Stone.

Pattern 278 square dish front

Pattern 278 square dish back

Pattern 278 square dish backstamp and pattern number

There are several versions of this form of Royal Arms mark used both at the Broad Street Works and at the Church Works. It is therefore important to take care in assigning a piece to either factory. In this case the heavy grey stoneware body marks it as a Broad Street works piece.

Another version of the same mark on another Broad Street Works piece may be seen here.

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 312

The pattern description book reads:
'Table Albion E Ware. Printed in Dove. Various Cols on Biscuit. White Edge. Sage Drab Ground Pekin Rose Centre Cold U Glaze. Brown lines.'

This piece is something of a puzzle. First, it agrees totally with the pattern description except for one point: it is on 'Milan' shape and not 'Albion' shape. Sometimes the factory would issue odd pieces not available in the shape ordered to make up the order (see the 'Pekin' shape hot water plate of pattern 207 that should be 'Albion' shape). Which brings me to the second puzzle: what is it? It looks at first glance like a well & tree dish, except it is only half the size one would expect, and it has deep sides and a 'shelf' on the border that looks as if it once had a lid. So a tureen with a well & tree base? Not something that I have seen before this. Third, 'Milan' is normally a dessert shape, so what would you use such a thing for in a dessert service? If anyone has come across such a thing before, I would love to hear from them.

The well & tree tureen base[?] is 323mm long, 265mm long, and 56mm high. Earthenware.

Pattern 312 well and tree tureen base front

Pattern 312 well and tree tureen base side

Pattern 312 well and tree tureen base back

Pattern 312 well and tree tureen base pattern number

Earthenware pieces from the Broad Street Works quite often have no backstamp.

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Uncertain Factory

The following bone china wares are a puzzle. They are 'Milan' shape, which is a William Ridgway shape, yet William is supposed not to have produced bone china. There is a reference in John Ward's 'The Borough of Stoke-upon-Trent' (1843) quoted, without page reference, in Geoffrey Godden's 'Ridgway Porcelains' (Woodbridge, 1985), p.140, when referring to the various works of William Ridgway:
'First, a china manufactory in Hanley, formerly George Taylor's and afterwards Thomas Taylor's, this being carried on by the firm of W. Ridgway & Son. c. 1835 onwards.'
Although Godden then goes on to describe the products of most of the works listed, he ignores this one, and does not attempt to pinpoint its location. This is the only factory of William's that Ward lists as a 'china manufactory', the rest being referred to as 'earthenware manufactory' or 'pot-works'. Of course, one doesn't know how accurate Ward's descriptions are, or exactly what he meant by 'china'. When I showed these pieces to Geoffrey Godden he was inclined to think these pieces may well be by William Ridgway.

 

Pattern 1/44

The leaf or shell dessert dish is 242mm long and 223mm wide. Bone china.

Pattern 1/44 leaf dessert dish front

Pattern 1/44 leaf dessert dish back

Pattern 1/44 leaf dessert dish pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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Pattern 1/81

The dessert plate is 237mm in diameter. Bone china.
This piece is badly worn, and most of the surface gilding is gone.

Pattern 1/81 dessert plate front

Pattern 1/81 dessert plate back

Pattern 1/81 dessert plate pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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