Ridgway, Morley, Wear, & Co.

'Caledonian' "No. 2"

Francis Morley & Co.

'Ermine Border'

"Aurora" red

"Aurora" 'No.2'

'Aurora' "No. 3"

"Cleopatra No. 4"

"Aquatic No. 4"

Pattern 3/1365

G. L. Ashworth & Bros. Ltd.

'Mason's No. 1'

Pattern C/1500

 

'Caledonian' "No. 2"

The sugar box. Earthenware.

Caledonian No.2 sugar box side

Caledonian No.2 sugar box base

No backstamp, but it does have the "2" in the right place.

Photos © L B Laubenthal 2020

 

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'Ermine Border'

Although these pieces are not marked, the pattern is listed in the pattern books as a Francis Morley pattern.

Toy tea cup, saucer, and muffin. Earthenware.

The saucer is 114mm in diameter.

Ermine Border toy saucer front

Ermine Border toy saucer side

Ermine Border toy saucer back

Ermine Border toy saucer marks

The tea cup is 48mm tall, 68mm in diameter, and the handle protrudes 13mm.

Ermine Border toy tea cup top

Ermine Border toy tea cup left side

Ermine Border toy tea cup handle side

Ermine Border toy tea cup base

The small muffin is 127mm in diameter.

Ermine Border toy muffin front

Ermine Border toy muffin back

Ermine Border toy muffin marks

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

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"Aurora" red

For other wares with the same print see the "Aurora" page.

The creamer is 83mm lip to handle and 92mm tall. Earthenware.

Aurora creamer left side

Aurora creamer lip side

Aurora creamer richt side

Aurora creamer handle side

Aurora creamer top

Aurora creamer base

The unhandled belled Grecian shape cup & saucer. Earthenware.

Aurora Grecian tea cup and saucer

The saucer is 146mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Aurora Grecian saucer front

Aurora Grecian saucer back

Aurora Grecian saucer backstamp

The unhandled cup is 98mm in diameter and 67mm tall. Earthenware.

Aurora Grecian tea cup top

Aurora Grecian tea cup side

Aurora Grecian tea cup base

The unhandled 'Franklin' shape cup & saucer. Earthenware.

Aurora Franklin tea cup and saucer

The saucer is 146mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Aurora Franklin saucer front

Aurora Franklin saucer back

Aurora Franklin saucer backstamp

The unhandled cup is 102mm in diameter and 74mm tall. Earthenware.

Aurora Franklin tea cup top

Aurora Franklin tea cup side

Aurora Franklin tea cup base

The 'Polygonal' shape 8 inch muffin is 206mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Aurora Polygonal muffin front

Aurora Polygonal muffin back

Aurora Polygonal muffin marks

The impressed mark "F. MORLEY & CO" is infrequently seen. The strange squiggle would appear to be a tally mark.

Photos © Bonnie Jean Seiwell ~ Lady in Decadence 2020

 

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"Aurora" 'No. 2'

In the Francis Morley & Co. 'Description Book for 1850' 'Aurora' is listed as having 7 variants in the named and numbered series. For No.2:
'Aurora No.2 Printed in pink painted in blue green & buff.1

For other wares with the same print see the "Aurora" page.

The 'Polygonal' shape 8 inch muffin is 206mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Aurora No.2 muffin front

Aurora No.2 muffin back

Aurora No.2 muffin backstamp

No sign of a pattern number or workman's mark on this muffin.

Photos © Bonnie Jean Seiwell ~ Lady in Decadence 2020

 

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'Aurora' "No. 3"

In the Francis Morley & Co. 'Description Book for 1850' 'Aurora' is listed as having 7 variants in the named and numbered series. For No.3:
'Aurora No.3 Printed in purple painted exactly as No.2'
No.2 is painted in 'blue, green & buff'.1

For other wares with the same print see the "Aurora" page.

The coffee pot is 8.5 inches tall. Earthenware.

Aurora No.3 coffee pot top

Aurora No.3 coffee pot side

Aurora No.3 coffee pot handle

Aurora No.3 coffee pot base

Aurora No.3 coffee pot marks

The "3" would appear to be the pattern number.

Photos © Jeremy Brunaccioni 2020

 

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"Cleopatra No. 4"

The partnership between William Ridgway and his son-in-law Francis Morley was dissolved on 31 December 1844. Thenceforward Francis Morley was in sole charge of the Broad Street Works.2 Morley continued the practice of the former partnership in issuing certain patterns with a name and number instead of allocating them a pattern number in the main series. "Cleopatra" was registered in May 1845,3 and six versions are listed in the factory pattern 'Description Book for 1850' as follows1:
'Cleopatra painted under glaze
No.1 printed in blue — fill'd in Green Pink & buff
No.2 printed in M[arine] Green — fill'd in M[att] blue, Pink & buff
No.3 printed in brown — fill'd in M[att] blue Light green & pink
No.4 printed in purple - fill'd in M[att] blue buff & green
No.5 printed in pink — fill'd M[att] blue buff & green
No.6 printed in black — fill'd in as No3 above'
The second factory pattern book adds that 'No 4' is on 'Polygon Sh[ape] Ew'. In this case, however, the cup & saucer appear to be in 'Franklin' shape.

The unhandled cup and saucer. The saucer is 6 inches in diameter. The cup is 4 inches in diameter and 2.75 inches tall. Earthenware.

Cleopatra No4 cup and saucer

Cleopatra No4 cup and saucer

Cleopatra No4 saucer back

Cleopatra No4 cup tally marks

Tally marks on the cup.

Cleopatra No4 saucer marks

Note the badly written "4" in green immediately under the backstamp; the normal position for a pattern number in this factory.

Photos © Tommy Cheatham 2019

 

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"Aquatic No. 4"

The "Aquatic" series is not mentioned in the pattern description book, but in the second pattern book is a listing of 5 versions. 'No. 4' is listed as4:
'Polygon Sh[ape] Ew
printed in Marine Green
colord [sic] in Pink & Buff under
the glaze'
At first I thought there was no number, but then I realised the green blobs on cup and saucer are both the figure "4" a little smeared in application.

The unhandled cup and saucer. The saucer is 5.75 inches in diameter. The cup is 3.25 inches in diameter and 2.75 inches tall. Earthenware.

Aquatic No4 cup and saucer

Aquatic No4 cup and saucer

Aquatic No4 saucer back

Aquatic No4 cup mark

Aquatic No4 saucer marks

Note the blurred printed "4" on both cup and saucer.

Photos © Tommy Cheatham 2019

 

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Pattern 3/1365

The entry in the Pattern Description Book for Pattern 3/1365 reads:
'Table Prussn Sh, Impl Covd ps. Dessert Clarn Ew. Printed in Mulberry, nothing on biscuit, brown edge. As 790 but Ew & Prussn Sh flat printed in Mulberry & flown. enamelld exactly the Same.'1
This print does not appear to have had an official name when launched, but was referred to as 'Steam' in the factory engraving department. Exactly how it got this name I am not clear.

For other wares with the same print see the 'Steam' print page.

The breakfast cup & saucer. Earthenware.

Pattern 3/1365 breakfast cup and saucer

The saucer is 181mm in diameter. Earthenware.

Pattern 3/1365 breakfast saucer front

Pattern 3/1365 breakfast saucer side

Pattern 3/1365 breakfast saucer back

Pattern 3/1365 breakfast saucer back

The breakfast cup is 100mm in diameter and 96mm tall. The handle protrudes 28mm. Earthenware.

Pattern 3/1365 breakfast cup top

Pattern 3/1365 breakfast cup left side

Pattern 3/1365 breakfast cup middle side

Pattern 3/1365 breakfast cup right side

Pattern 3/1365 breakfast cup handle side

Pattern 3/1365 breakfast cup base

Pattern 3/1365 breakfast cup marks

Photos © Angela Grant 2020

 

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'Mason's No. 1'

G. L. Ashworth & Bros. Ltd. was owned from 1920 to 1932 by Cauldon Potteries Ltd. and this 'Richelieu' shape cup and saucer must have been made during that period. The typical Cauldon Potteries backstamp is carefully positioned to make the words "IRONSTONE CHINA" on the Mason's backstamp unreadable. Note the painted pattern number "1" in the usual Cauldon Place position for pattern numbers - against the footrim.

For other wares with the same print see the 'Gold Bird' page.

The breakfast cup and saucer. The saucer is 165mm in diameter. The cup is 98mm in diameter, and 79mm tall. Bone china.

Mason's No. 1 breakfast cup and saucer

Mason's No. 1 breakfast cup and saucer bases

Mason's No. 1 breakfast saucer marks

Photos © Robert Hawker 2019

 

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Pattern C/1500

This is also probably a Cauldon Place product.

The tea cup and saucer. Bone china.

Pattern C/1500 tea cup and saucer

Pattern C/1500 tea cup and saucer bases

The saucer is 137mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern C/1500 saucer front

Pattern C/1500 saucer marks

The tea cup is 108mm long including handle, and 54mm tall. Bone china

Pattern C/1500 tea cup top

Pattern C/1500 tea cup left side

Pattern C/1500 tea cup middle side

Pattern C/1500 tea cup right side

Pattern C/1500 tea cup Handle side

Photos © Bonnie Jean Seiwell ~ Lady in Decadence 2020

 

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Notes

1. All entries from the factory pattern description and pattern books are reproduced courtesy of The Wedgwood Museum Trust.

2. See G. A. Godden, Ridgway Porcelains (1985), p.169.

3. See A. W. Coysh and R. K. Henrywood, The Dictionary of Blue and White Printed Pottery 1780-1880 2 (1989), p.59.

 

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