Broad Street Works
Hicks bone china tea wares

It was never intended to be within my remit to cover Hicks & Meigh bone china wares. Over time, however, others have allowed their contributions to be added, and I offer them accordingly, with my reasons, and I am happy to receive counter-arguments and observations from those whose expertise in this area is greater than mine.

Margaret Ironside has pointed out that the early Hicks bone china body is very prone to staining. Certainly several pieces on this page (especially 46, 555, and 1793) are stained to a greater or lesser degree.

 

Hicks & Meigh

Printed Pattern

Chinaman on Verandah

First Series

Pattern 29

Pattern 31

Pattern 35

Pattern 46

Pattern 430

Pattern 555

Pattern 569

Pattern 576

Pattern 627

Pattern 640

Pattern 699

Pattern 792

Hicks, Meigh & Johnson

First Series

Pattern 1257

Pattern 1793

Pattern 2112

Fractional Series

Pattern 2/372

Sprigged Number Series

Pattern 28

 

 

Printed Pattern

 

Chinaman on Verandah

The teapot. Bone china.

Chinaman on Verandah teapot left side

Chinaman on Verandah teapot handle side

Chinaman on Verandah teapot right side

Chinaman on Verandah teapot top

Chinaman on Verandah teapot filter detail

The filter piercings have the typical H&M arrangement: 12 in the outer circle, 9 in the inner circle, and 2 in the centre.

Chinaman on Verandah teapot base

Chinaman on Verandah teapot backstamp

This pseudo-Chinese seal mark is recorded for Hicks & Meigh.5

Photos © Paul Mooney 2020

 

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First Series

 

Pattern 29

This is the Hicks & Meigh version of the common Yellow Shell pattern used by many factories (for Ridgway version see Pattern 418). This was attributed by Margaret Ironside.2 Since her time the pattern number 29 has also been attributed by Ian Harvey to Rathbone, but his illustrations show a style of decoration substantially different to that allocated by Margaret Ironside to Hicks & Meigh.4 Also the Rathbone version is normally considered to have borne the pattern number 35.

The saucer dish is 198mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 29 saucer dish front

Pattern 29 saucer dish side

Pattern 29 saucer dish back

Pattern 29 saucer dish pattern number

Hicks & Meigh used inverted fractions to indicate variants so one wonders if the "3" is a variant marker or a tally mark, but as I can see no difference in the decoration from the available photographs and the inverted fractional numbers usually have a horizontal line between the number and the variant marker, and there is no other tally mark, the "3" in this instance is probably the tally mark.

Photos © Christopher Paris 2020

 

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Pattern 31

This pattern is not recorded by Margaret Ironside. The owner considers it to be Ridgway but Hicks & Meigh cans are virtually indistinguishable from Ridgway ones and Ridgway bone china pattern numbers do not start until c.300. 31 is in the right range for Hicks & Meigh. Ridgway numbers are normally written in black or iron-red at this period, though puce/purple does also occur. It is possible that it could be a reissue on bone china of a previous Ridgway pearlware pattern, or the number is an error. But the odds are in favour of an unrecorded Hicks & Meigh pattern.

Coffee can. Bute shape. Bone china.

Pattern 31 coffee can left side

The number 31 is written in blue on the base, but I have no photo of this.

Photos © Anonymous 2020

 

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Pattern 35

This pattern is not recorded by Margaret Ironside but the shape matches known Hicks & Meigh New Oval teapots and the pattern number is in the right area.

The teapot is 279mm spout to handle and 127mm tall. Bone china.

Pattern 35 teapot left side

Pattern 35 teapot right side

Pattern 35 teapot lid underside and body top

Pattern 35 teapot filter detail

The piercings arrangement for New Oval and London shape teapot filters seems to be constant for Hicks & Meigh: 12 in the outer circle, 9 in the inner circle, and 2 in the centre.

Pattern 35 teapot base

Pattern 35 teapot pattern number

Photos © Jonathan Charles 2020

 

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Pattern 46 tea

For dessert wares with the same pattern click here.

Margaret Ironside lists this pattern as on tea wares as well as dessert wares.2

The tea cup & saucer. Bone china.

Pattern 46 tea cup and saucer

Pattern 46 saucer front

Pattern 46 saucer front detail

Pattern 46 saucer back

Pattern 46 saucer pattern number

Pattern 46 tea cup top

Pattern 46 tea cup handle side

Pattern 46 tea cup handle detail

Pattern 46 tea cup base

Photos © 2101keith 2021

 

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Pattern 430

This is the 'Igloo' Pattern referred to, but not illustrated, by Margaret Ironside in her Morley College paper.2 It has the 'double turned' saucer associated with Hicks & Meigh straight sided London shape cups. See also 640 below.

The tea cup and saucer. Bone china.

Pattern 430 tea cup and saucer

Pattern 430 tea cup right side

Pattern 430 saucer front

Pattern 430 saucer back

Pattern 430 saucer pattern number

Photos © Paul Mooney 2021

 

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Pattern 555

This pattern is not listed by Margaret Ironside but the back of the teapot stand exactly matches the 699 example below.

The teapot stand is 197mm long and 165mm wide. Bone china.

Pattern 555 teapot stand front

Pattern 555 teapot stand back

Pattern 555 teapot stand pattern number

The 7 inch muffin is 187mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 555 muffin front

Pattern 555 muffin back

Pattern 555 muffin pattern number

Photos © Robert Hawker 2020

 

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Pattern 569

This pattern is not listed by Margaret Ironside but the cup shape matches 627 below.

The tea cup and saucer. Bone china.

Pattern 569 tea cup and saucer

Pattern 569 tea cup and saucer

The saucer. Bone china.

Pattern 569 saucer front

Pattern 569 saucer front detail

Pattern 569 saucer side

Pattern 569 saucer back

Pattern 569 saucer pattern number

The tea cup. Bone china.

Pattern 569 tea cup handle side

Pattern 569 tea cup base

Pattern 569 tea cup pattern number

Photos © Gay Jungemann ~ Ruby Lane 2021

 

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Pattern 576

This pattern is not listed by Margaret Ironside but the teapot shape matches 699 and the cups and saucer shape matches 430.

The teapot is 267mm spout to handle, and 140mm tall. Bone china.

Pattern 576 teapot left side

Pattern 576 teapot spout side

Pattern 576 teapot right side

Pattern 576 teapot handle side

Pattern 576 teapot lid top

Pattern 576 teapot lid underside

Pattern 576 teapot filter detail

The filter piercings have the typical H&M arrangement: 12 in the outer circle, 9 in the inner circle, and 2 in the centre.

Pattern 576 teapot spout detail

Pattern 576 teapot base

Pattern 576 teapot pattern number

The trio. Bone china.
As is quite common with early Hicks & Meigh tea wares, the cups & saucer are not numbered.

Pattern 576 trio

The saucer is 140mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 576 saucer front

Pattern 576 saucer back

The saucer has the 'double turned' foot associated with Hicks & Meigh straight sided London shape cups.

The tea cup is 63mm tall. Bone china.

Pattern 576 tea cup left side

Pattern 576 tea cup middle side

Pattern 576 tea cup right side

Pattern 576 tea cup handle side

Pattern 576 tea cup top

Pattern 576 tea cup base

The coffee cup is 76mm tall. Bone china.

Pattern 576 coffee cup left side

Pattern 576 coffee cup middle side

Pattern 576 coffee cup right side

Pattern 576 coffee cup handle side

Pattern 576 coffee cup top

Pattern 576 coffee cup base

Photos © Anonymous 2021

 

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Pattern 627

This pattern is not listed by Margaret Ironside but the teapot shape is an exact match to 699 below.

The teapot and trio. Bone china.

Pattern 627 teapot and trio

The teapot is 270mm spout to handle, 122mm tall, and 123mm wide. Bone china.

Pattern 627 teapot left side

Pattern 627 teapot right side

Pattern 627 teapot spout detail

Pattern 627 teapot right side detail

Pattern 627 teapot top

Pattern 627 teapot top detail

Pattern 627 teapot filter detail

The filter piercings have the typical H&M arrangement: 12 in the outer circle, 9 in the inner circle, and 2 in the centre.

Pattern 627 teapot base

Pattern 627 teapot pattern number

The saucer is 140mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 627 saucer front

Pattern 627 saucer back

Pattern 627 saucer pattern number

The tea cup is 85mm in diameter and 58mm tall. Bone china.

Pattern 627 tea cup top

Pattern 627 tea cup right side

The coffee cup is 69mm in diameter and 65mm tall. Bone china.

Pattern 627 coffee cup and saucer top

Pattern 627 coffee cup right side

Pattern 627 coffee cup base

Pattern 627 coffee cup pattern number

Photos © Katy Hogarth 2020

 

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Pattern 640

This second version of the 'Igloo' pattern was listed by Margaret Ironside but not illustrated.2 See also 430 above.

The trio. Bone china.

Pattern 640 trio

Pattern 640 saucer front

Pattern 640 saucer back

Pattern 640 saucer pattern number

Pattern 640 tea cup top

Pattern 640 coffee cup top

Pattern 640 tea and coffee cup bases

Pattern 640 coffee cup pattern number

Photos © Anonymous 2021

 

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Pattern 699

Margaret Ironside illustrates this pattern on an oval dessert dish and comments that the pattern is also found on tea wares.2 Berthoud & Maskell record the pattern on a London shape tea cup.1 In both cases the pattern is clearly illustrated.

The teapot is 267mm long and 146mm tall. Bone china.

Pattern 699 teapot left side

Pattern 699 teapot left side detail

Pattern 699 teapot right side

Pattern 699 teapot right side detail

Pattern 699 teapot filter detail

The filter piercings have the typical H&M arrangement: 12 in the outer circle, 9 in the inner circle, and 2 in the centre.

Pattern 699 teapot top

Pattern 699 teapot lid top Pattern 699 teapot lid base

Pattern 699 teapot base

The teapot stand is 203mm long and 165mm wide. Bone china.

Pattern 699 teapot stand top

Pattern 699 teapot stand base

Pattern 699 teapot stand top

Photos © Gay Jungemann ~ Ruby Lane 2019

 

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Pattern 792

The shape here matches the belled London shape cups above, including the narrow foot and the pattern number written below the cup handle.

The tea cup & saucer. Bone china.

Pattern 792 tea cup and saucer

The saucer is 140mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 792 saucer front

Pattern 792 saucer back

Pattern 792 saucer pattern number

The tea cup is 57mm tall and 95mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 792 tea cup left side

Pattern 792 tea cup handle side

Pattern 792 tea cup top

Pattern 792 tea cup top detail

Pattern 792 tea cup base

Pattern 792 tea cup pattern number

Photos © Maxwell Melbourne 2021

 

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Pattern 1257

The shape of this cup matches one of Pattern 1252 illustrated by Michael Berthoud.1 He describes this simply as the Waisted shape.

The tea cup and saucer. The saucer is 150mm in diameter. The tea cup is 96mm in diameter and 60mm tall excluding handle. Bone china.

Pattern 1257 tea cup and saucer

Pattern 1257 tea cup and saucer top

Pattern 1257 tea cup and saucer side

Pattern 1257 tea cup and saucer base

Pattern 1257 tea cup left side

Pattern 1257 saucer back

Pattern 1257 saucer pattern number

Photos © Aldona Taras 2020

 

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Pattern 1793

Berthoud & Maskell illustrate this pattern.1 Berthoud refers to the shape as Bee Moulded.

The saucer with two tea cups. Saucer is 145mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 1793 2 tea cups and saucer

The saucer clearly shows the tendency of the Hicks body to stain.

Pattern 1793 2 tea cups and saucer

The two cups are decorated slightly differently. I believe the right-hand one to be a later replacement.

Pattern 1793 2 tea cups and saucer

Pattern 1793 2 tea cups and saucer

This view clearly shows the bee shaped moulding on the edge of the cup enhanced with gilding.

Pattern 1793 2 tea cups and saucer

Note the left-hand cup has the pattern number in the usual Hicks position under the handle, whereas the probable replacement on the right does not.

Pattern 1793 tea cup pattern number

Photos © Brown Paper Parcel Antiques 2021

 

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Pattern 2112

This cup shape is referred to by Berthoud as the Moulded Base shape and a coffee cup is illustrated under Pattern 2348.1

The coffee cup and saucer.

Pattern 2112 coffee cup and saucer

Pattern 2112 saucer front

The gilding here is fairly worn, but there is enough left to get an idea of the original scheme. The moulding can also be clearly seen.

Pattern 2112 saucer back

Pattern 2112 saucer pattern number

Pattern 2112 coffee cup top

Pattern 2112 coffee cup left side

Pattern 2112 coffee cup left side inverted

This view of the cup shows clearly the moulding that gives the shape its name.

Pattern 2112 coffee cup base

The pattern number is in the typical Hicks position under the handle.

Pattern 2112 coffee cup pattern number

Photos © Carole Louise Plummer 2020

 

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Fractional Series

 

Pattern 2/372

Michael Berthoud does not list this pattern, but does illustrate this teapot shape, which he refers to as 'ribbed shape', under patterns 2456 and u7 ("Doric").1

The teapot is 165mm tall. Bone china.

Pattern 2/372 teapot left side

Pattern 2/372 teapot spout detail

Pattern 2/372 teapot lid detail

Pattern 2/372 teapot filter detail

The filter piercings have the typical H&M arrangement: 12 in the outer circle, 9 in the inner circle, and 2 in the centre.

Pattern 2/372 teapot base

Pattern 2/372 teapot pattern number

Photos © Gay Jungemann ~ Ruby Lane 2021

 

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Sprigged Number Series

 

Pattern 28

Berthoud refers to this shape as the Moulded Base shape and shows a cup of this pattern as u8 on p.17. The pad mark is illustrated on p.19. There is also a note about the pad marks on p.6 that indicates the pad-marked wares have a separate numbering system, but does not state this in the main text.1

The bread & butter plate. Bone china.

Pattern 28 bread and butter plate front

Pattern 28 bread and butter plate front detail

Pattern 28 bread and butter plate handle detail

Pattern 28 bread and butter plate back

Pattern 28 bread and butter plate pad mark

Photos © Sarah Nightingale 2021

 

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Notes.

1. Michael Berthoud & Richard Maskell, 'Patterns of Hicks, Meigh & Johnson', Ceramic Bulletin 19 (2007).

2. Margaret Ironside, 'Hicks & Meigh Porcelain of the 1813-1822 Period: Dessert Wares and Tea Wares', Morley College Ceramic Circle Bulletin 3rd Series, No. 1 (June 1998).

3. Leonard G. King, 'Ridgway, Wear and Morley at the Broad Street Works', NCS Journal 4 (1980-81), 219-236, 222.

4. Ian Harvey, Rathbone, China and Earthenware Manufacturers, Tunstall, Staffordshire 1808-1843 - A history and illustrated record of the china. 2 ed. (2018).

5. Margaret Ironside, 'The Pseudo-Chinese Seal Marks', NCS Newsletter 89 (March 1993), 25-29, 27, fig.20.

 

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