Broad Street Works
Hicks bone china

It was never intended to be within my remit to cover Hicks & Meigh bone china wares. In my travels, however, and more by accident than design, I obtained some of the pieces below, which appear to be of these wares. Others have allowed their contributions to be added, and I offer them accordingly, with my reasons, and I am happy to receive counter-arguments and observations from those whose expertise in this area is greater than mine.

Michael Berthoud stated that: "During what we might call 'the Johnson period', the factory ran at least four separate series of pattern numbers - a simple numerical series on bone china tea wares from 1 to over 2500; a parallel sequence for dessert and dinner wares ..., a sequence of fractional numbers for a cheaper range of patterns for bone china and a later simple sequence for stone china".1 Whilst this does give an overall picture which seems correct there are problems in the detail. Comparison with Margaret Ironside's work show that Berthoud's first series started early in the factory's life and continued to at least 857, and then turned into a series for tea wares only, continuing to at least 2562.2 His second series, for dessert and dinner ware only, possibly started at 1 and continued to at least 1358. I disagree with Berthoud's idea that the stone wares did not start until the 1820s. A sauce tureen of stoneware Pattern 1 ('Gold Bird') is illustrated by Margaret Ironside in a matching shape for bone china Pattern 46. Indeed the bone china pattern numbers appear initially to fill gaps in the stoneware series (I have found no evidence for Patterns 29, 30, or 46 in stoneware), but then quickly diverge into two separate number sequences (there exists a Pattern 69 in bone china different to Pattern 69 in stoneware). A fifth series needs to be added for the 'Angel & Banner' jugs &c. When production of bone china stopped is far from certain, but may only have ceased with Richard Hicks' retirement in November 1834. The works, moulds, and printing plates were purchased at auction in 1835 by Ridgway, Morley, Wear, & Co. and they only continued with the stonewares. The last Hicks, Meigh, and Johnson stoneware pattern was Pattern 128.3

Margaret Ironside has pointed out that the early Hicks bone china body is very prone to staining. Certainly four pieces on this page (46, 663 oval dish, 157, and 170) are stained to a greater or lesser degree.

 

Hicks & Meigh

First Series

Pattern 46

Pattern 435

Pattern 699

Pattern 759

Hicks, Meigh & Johnson

First Series

Pattern 1129/2

Pattern 1257

Pattern 2112

Second Series

Pattern 144

Pattern 157

Pattern 170

Pattern 1130

Pattern 1259

 

First Series

 

Pattern 46

Margaret Ironside suggested that this pattern, which has mouldings similar to Clews earthenwares but less crisp, belongs to Hicks & Meigh in an article entitled 'Hicks, Meigh & Johnson Porcelains (1813-1835)', NCS Newsletter 100 (December 1995), pp. 29-32. The pattern number is in rose.

The dessert plate is 223mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 46 dessert plate front

Pattern 46 dessert plate back

Pattern 66 dessert plate pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 435

This piece comes from the same shape set as the Pattern 46 plate above. The base of a similar centrepiece of Pattern 642 is illustrated by Margaret Ironside in her Morley College Ceramic Circle pamphlet.2

The dessert centrepiece is 10.5 inches long, 7.5 inches wide, and 3.5 inches tall. Bone china.

Pattern 435 centrepiece top

Pattern 435 centrepiece top detail 1

Pattern 435 centrepiece top detail 2

Pattern 435 centrepiece side

Pattern 435 centrepiece side detail

Pattern 435 centrepiece base

Pattern 435 centrepiece pattern number

Photos © Lorna Marchi 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 699

Margaret Ironside illustrates this pattern on an oval dessert dish and comments that the pattern is also found on tea wares.2 Berthoud & Maskell record the pattern on a London shape tea cup.1 In both cases the pattern is clearly illustrated.

The teapot is 10.5 inches long and 5.75 inches tall. Bone china.

Pattern 699 teapot left side

Pattern 699 teapot left side detail

Pattern 699 teapot right side

Pattern 699 teapot right side detail

Pattern 699 teapot filter detail

Pattern 699 teapot top

Pattern 699 teapot lid top Pattern 699 teapot lid base

Pattern 699 teapot base

The teapot stand is 8 inches long and 6.5 inches wide. Bone china.

Pattern 699 teapot stand top

Pattern 699 teapot stand base

Pattern 699 teapot stand top

Photos © Gay Jungemann ~ Ruby Lane 2019

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 759

Margaret Ironside illustrated a sugar box and a belled London shape cup & saucer in this pattern, and mentioned that it had also been seen on a plate, possibly from a dessert service.2

The dessert plate is 240mm in diameter.

Pattern 759 dessert plate front

Pattern 759 dessert plate back

Pattern 759 dessert plate pattern number

Photos © Willa Latham ~ Gentle Rattle of China 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 1129/2

This was a somewhat unexpected discovery. Margaret Ironside produced evidence that wares with the 'Angel & Banner' padmark were manufactured by Hicks, Meigh & Johnson as early as 1993, and subsequent evidence has tended to support this attribution. What is less well known is that Hicks & Meigh and, subsequently, Hicks, Meigh, & Johnson used a /2 under the pattern number to indicate a variation in the pattern. Michael Berthoud illustrates a Pattern 1803 with a French blue ground, and a Pattern 1803/2 with the same decoration but with a yellow ground.1 This is confirmed in the stoneware pattern books where the entry for Pattern 51 shows it printed in light blue, and pattern 51/2 is printed in a darker blue, possibly for export. My only puzzlement is whether to consider a jug as First Series tea ware, or Second Series table or dessert ware. I have left it as First Series until further evidence proves otherwise.

The jug is approximately 6.5 inches tall. Bone china.

Pattern 1129/2 jug left side

Pattern 1129/2 jug lip side

Pattern 1129/2 jug right side

Pattern 1129/2 jug base

Pattern 1129/2 jug marks

The underlying pad mark number is very hard to read due to glaze infill and the painted number, but it appears to be 110.

Photos © Rob Mulley 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 1257

The shape of this cup matches one of Pattern 1252 illustrated by Michael Berthoud.1 He describes this simply as the Waisted shape.

The tea cup and saucer. The saucer is 150mm in diameter. The tea cup is 96mm in diameter and 60mm tall excluding handle. Bone china.

Pattern 1257 tea cup and saucer

Pattern 1257 tea cup and saucer top

Pattern 1257 tea cup and saucer side

Pattern 1257 tea cup and saucer base

Pattern 1257 tea cup left side

Pattern 1257 saucer back

Pattern 1257 saucer pattern number

Photos © Aldona Taras 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 2112

This cup shape is referred to by Berthoud as the Moulded Base shape and a coffee cup is illustrated under Pattern 2348.1

The coffee cup and saucer.

Pattern 2112 coffee cup and saucer

Pattern 2112 saucer front

The gilding here is fairly worn, but there is enough left to get an idea of the original scheme. The moulding can also be clearly seen.

Pattern 2112 saucer back

Pattern 2112 saucer pattern number

Pattern 2112 coffee cup top

Pattern 2112 coffee cup left side

Pattern 2112 coffee cup left side inverted

This view of the cup shows clearly the moulding that gives the shape its name.

Pattern 2112 coffee cup base

Pattern 2112 coffee cup pattern number

Photos © Carole Louise Plummer 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

 

Second Series

 

Pattern 144

This was also spotted posted on the 'British Pottery and Porcelain Discussion Group' Facebook page (see 1259 below). The shape and style of printing is very similar to 157 below.

The dessert plate is 23cm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 144 dessert plate front

Pattern 144 dessert plate back

Pattern 144 dessert plate pattern number

Photos © Michail Kerameus - Greece 2019

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 157

The plate rim copies the Hicks silver shape, but the foot rim is more like Pattern 46 above. The print and painting style have strong similarities both to Pattern 71 in stoneware, and to Pattern 170 below. The tally mark on Patterns 157 and 170 appears identical. The pattern number and tally mark are in iron-red.

The dessert plate is 238mm in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 157 dessert plate front

Pattern 157 dessert plate back

Pattern 157 dessert plate pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 170

This piece is of the Hicks 'Priory' shape, which is quite distinctive and unmistakable. The print and painting style have strong similarities both to Pattern 71 in stoneware, and to Pattern 157 above. The apparent cream on edge and handles is not the original colour, but is due to staining. The tally mark on Patterns 157 and 170 appears identical. The pattern number and tally mark are in rose.

The round dessert dish is 256mm long and 232mm wide. Bone china.

Pattern 170 round dessert dish front

Pattern 170 round dessert dish back

Pattern 170 round dessert dish pattern number

Photos © Angela Grant 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 1130

This pattern is listed and illustrated by Berthoud & Maskell.1

The dessert plate. Bone china.

Pattern 1130 dessert plate front

Pattern 1130 dessert plate back

Pattern 1130 dessert plate marks

Photos © Patrick Doherty 2020

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Pattern 1259

This piece was posted on the 'British Pottery and Porcelain Discussion Group' Facebook page as of unknown origin. I spotted immediately the fact that it was on Hicks 'Priory' shape, and the owner kindly allowed me to post it here. The centre painting is of remarkable quality, and shows what the Broad Street Works was capable of at its best.

The dessert plate is 9.25 inches in diameter. Bone china.

Pattern 1259 dessert plate front

Pattern 1259 dessert plate back

Pattern 1259 dessert plate pattern number

Photos © Len Kling 2018

 

Top of Page

Return to Broad Street Works patterns

 

Notes.

1. Michael Berthoud & Richard Maskell, 'Patterns of Hicks, Meigh & Johnson', Ceramic Bulletin 19 (2007).

2. Margaret Ironside, 'Hicks & Meigh Porcelain of the 1813-1822 Period: Dessert Wares and Tea Wares', Morley College Ceramic Circle Bulletin 3rd Series, No. 1 (June 1998).

3. Leonard G. King, 'Ridgway, Wear and Morley at the Broad Street Works', NCS Journal 4 (1980-81), 219-236, 222.

 

Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional