Broad Street Works Patterns

Please note that Broad Street, Hanley was originally known as High Street, Shelton, Hanley. The factory is, therefore, sometimes referred to as the High Street Works. The exact date of the change is uncertain, but seems to have been some time between 1853 and 1857 when Hanley became a Borough, absorbing Shelton in the process.1

Broad Street Works Occupation Periods

Various members of the Baddeley family & partners c.1792-1807
Hicks & Meigh 1807-1822
Hicks, Meigh & Johnson 1822-1835
Ridgway, Morley, Wear & Co 1835-1842
Ridgway & Morley 1842-1845
Francis Morley (& Co) 1845-1858
Morley & Ashworth 1858-1860
G L Ashworth & Bros (Ltd) 1860-1968
Mason's Ironstone Ltd.  1969-1999

 

Hicks & Meigh
Hicks, Meigh & Johnson

All shape names, where given, are from the Broad Street Works pattern and pattern description books held at the Wedgwood Museum.

Named Patterns

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"Oriental Shells" Dinner plate, soup plate. Earthenware. "Oriental Shells" print in blue. Oriental Shells

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Numbered Patterns 1 - 128

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2 Dinner plate. 'No. 2 shape.' Blue stone body. 'Hicks No. 2' (pheasant) print in blue. Lustre edge. 2
5 Dinner plate. 'No. 2 shape.' Blue stone body. Blue printed water lily pattern, filled underglaze blue, and overglaze iron-red, purple, yellow green, blue green. Gilt highlights, lustre edge. 5
6? Dinner plate, soup plate, dessert plate or twiffler. 'No. 2 shape.' Blue stone body. 'Gold Bird' print in blue, filled underglaze blue, and overglaze iron-red, rose, purple, yellow, yellow green, blue green, ivory. Gilt highlights, lustre edge. 6?
7 Dessert plate. Blue stone body. Blue printed tree and fence pattern, with cross-hatched shoulder and border of floral sprigs. Filled with underglaze blue, iron-red, yellow green, and blue green enamels. Gilt highlights. Lustre edge. 7
9 Tureen stand. Blue stone body. 'Hicks No. 9' (cranes) print in blue. 9
21 Dessert plate or twiffler. 'Gadroon' shape. Blue stone body. 'Hicks No. 21' print in light blue. 21
51 Meat dish, dinner plate. 'Gadroon' shape. Blue stone body. 'Hicks No. 51' print in light blue. 51
53 Dinner plate. 'Gadroon' shape. Blue printed vase of flowers filled in underglaze blue and overglaze iron red, pink, ylw green, bl green, yellow. Opaque orange border line. Highlighted in gilt. 53
64 Dinner plate. 'Gadroon' shape. Blue stone body. Blue printed basket of flowers filled in underglaze blue, and overglaze multicoloured enamels. Opaque orange edge line. Gilt highlights and edge detailing. 64
66 Dessert plate. 'Hicks No. 66' print in blue, filled in underglaze blue, and overglaze iron-red and salmon. Gilt highlihts. Opaque orange edge line and shoulder lines. 66
71 Dinner plate. 'Hicks No. 71' print in red, filled in overglaze rose, yellow green, iron-red, blue, and yellow. 71
94 Dinner plate. 'Bedford' shape. Floral outline printed in blue filled in underglaze blue, & overglaze iron red, bl green & salmon. Green line round edge. Gilt highlights. 94
125 Dinner plate, side plate or muffin. 'Bedford' shape. 'Hicks Rock & Bird' print in purple brown. Filled underglaze blue, and overglaze iron-red and salmon. Opaque orahge highlights. Lustre edge. 125
128 Dinner plate. 'Bedford' shape. Blue Stone body. 'Key Border' print in red, coloured in underglaze blue and iron-red. Opaque orange highlights. Lustre edge. 128

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Hicks & Meigh Bone China Numbered Patterns

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46 Dessert plate. Bone china. Floral Japan style print in brown, filled in overglaze iron-red, rose, blue, yellow green, blue green, brown, yellow. Brown edge. 46
157 Dessert plate. Bone china. Floral centre with butterfly and circlet of flowers border printed in brown, filled overglaze rose, blue, iron-red, yellow, yellow green. Brown edge line. 157
170 Round dessert dish. 'Priory' shape. Bone china. Small flower sprig in circlet of flowers centre, floral border, printed in brown, filled yellow green, rose, blue, yellow, iron-red. Yellow green edge line. Handles rose and yellow green. 170

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Ridgway, Morley, Wear & Co.
Ridgway & Morley

I believe it was Geoffrey Godden who recorded somewhere, though I have recently been unable to track the reference, that he found a book at the factory that stated that the last Hicks pattern was 128 and that subsequent numbers relate to the products of Ridgway, Morley, Wear & Co. When I attempted to trace this book on my visits to the factory I was unsuccessful. This number only relates to the Stoneware patterns. Hicks & Meigh porcelain patterns rise into four figures.

In the Pattern Description Books I discovered at the factory, which are now housed at the Wedgwood Museum, I read the following note: 'All Nos Above 370 to have a 3 over the number - Thus &c 3/371'.2 William Ridgway's three factories appear to have had a joint marketing arrangement and this introduction was probably to avoid confusion with the Church Works numbering system. I have found some plates of pattern 370 numbered 3/370; presumably this was an error.

Further confusion is also caused by the three factories exchanging earthenware blanks. Products with Broad Street Works and Bell Works patterns are therefore often found on blanks with Church Works impressed marks. Pattern numbers of 3/371 and above on William Ridgway shapes are always Broad Street patterns. Patterns numbered 370 and below should be checked against those listed below and on the Church Works page or in the Pattern and Pattern Description Books at the Wedgwood Museum to ensure correct attribution.

Named and Numbered Patterns

Some named patterns that had additional colouring were not given a number in the normal series, but instead were given a number in addition to their name. So you could get "Aurora" No. 1 to No. 6, or "Cleopatra" No. 1 to No. 6, and so on. Some of these printed patterns also had variants that were allocated numbers in the main series.

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"Caledonian" No. 2 Dessert plate. 'Wellington' shape. Earthenware. "Caledonian" print in brown, filled underglaze orange and green. Caledonian No.2

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Numbered Patterns 129 - 370, 3/371 - 3/1115

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142 Dinner plate. 'Bedford' shape. Blue Stone body. 'Hicks Rock & Bird' print in deep brown. Filled in underglaze blue, iron red, salmon, yellow green, rose, yellow, purple. Opaque orange highlights. Lustre edge. 142
143 Dinner plate. 'Bedford' shape. Blue Stone body. 'India' print in purple brown. Filled in underglaze blue, and overglaze iron-red and salmon. Opaque orange highlights. Lustre edge. 143
147 Tureen stand. 'Bedford' shape. Blue Stone body. 'Hicks Temple' print in black. Filled in underglaze blue, and overglaze iron-red, yellow green, purple, blue, yellow. Some highlighting in opaque orange, but mostly in gilt. Lustre edge. 147
154 Dessert plate. 'Wellington' shape. Blue Stone body. 'Hicks No. 21' print in lavender. Fence and leaves in underglaze blue, and overglaze gilt. Gilt edge line. 154
156 Dinner plate. 'Albion' shape. Blue Stone body. 'Hicks No. 66' print in purple brown. Filled in underglaze blue, and overglaze iron-red & salmon. Gilt highlights, borders to shoulder, and edge line. 156
160 Dessert plate or twiffler. 'Bedford' shape. Blue Stone body. 'Hicks Rock & Bird' print in deep brown. Filled in underglaze blue, iron red, salmon, yellow green, rose and yellow. Opaque orange highlights. Lustre edge. 160
181 Dessert plate. 'Wellington' shape. Blue Stone body. 'Hicks No. 66' print in green. Filled in underglaze green on leaves & shoulder, and overglaze iron-red and purple. Gilt vase, highlights, and edge line. Lustre edge. 181
190 Meat dish. 'Albion' shape. Blue Stone body. Border from 'Peruvian' pattern with a rock and flower centre printed in stone brown. Filled iron-red, rose, green, blue, yellow all overglaze. Lustre edge. 190
195 Square dessert dish. 'Wellingon' shape. Blue Stone body. 'Basket of Flowers Centre' print in stone brown. Filled in underglaze dark blue, pale blue, yellow green, rose, purple. No overglaze colours. Pale blue border. Gilt highlights and edge lines. 195
198 Dessert plate. 'Wellington' shape. Blue Stone body. 'Dog Rose Centre' print in stone brown. Filled in underglaze blue, green, yellow, purple. No overglaze colours. Grey border. Gilt highlights and edge lines. 198
212 Side plate or muffin. 'Bedford' shape. Blue Stone body. 'India' print in purple brown. Filled in underglaze blue, dark green, yellow green, yellow and salmon, and overglaze iron-red and blue green. Opaque orange highlights. Lustre edge. 212
223 Mug. Blue Stone body. 'Chinese Temple' print in stone brown filled underglaze blue, and overglaze iron-red, yellow green, salmon, ochre. Opaque orange highlights. Lustre edge. Pattern 223
253 Dinner plate. 'Albion' shape. Blue Stone body. 'Nepaulese' print in stone brown. Filled overglaze iron-red, green, purple, and opaque orange. Lustre edge. 253
255 Round dessert dish. 'Wellington' shape. Earthenware. 'Fancy' sheet print, with edging, in dove. Coloured yellow green, pale blue, iron-red, yellow, all underglaze. 255
278 Square dessert dish. 'Milan' shape. White Stone body. 'Water Lily' printed in stone brown filled overglaze rose, pink, yellow green, blue green, blue, with opaque orange highlights. Brown edge. Gilding on handles. Pattern 278
279 Dinner plate. 'Albion' shape. White Stone body. 'Nankin Jar' print in purple brown, filled overglaze in yellow, rose, purple, yellow green, blue green, blue, brown. Brown edge. 279

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Francis Morley (& Co.)
Morley & Ashworth
G L Ashworth & Bros (Ltd.)

In the factory pattern decription books it states that 3/1116 is the first Francis Morley pattern.

Numbered Patterns. 3/ series

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3/1365 Mug. EW body. 'Steam' print in flow mulberry filled red, rose, salmon, ylw grn, bl grn 3/1365

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Mason's Ironstone Ltd.

The company was taken over by the Wedgwood Group in 1973.
The factory was closed and the site cleared in 1999.

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Unique specimen plate Dinner plate. Modern 'Bedford' shape. Earthenware. 'India' print in brown filled iron-red, salmon, dark blue, all underglaze. Gilt highlights Specimen

 

Notes.

1. Information from Nicola Wood, Archivist, Stoke on Trent City Archives. A map of 1853 from a Report to the General Board of Health shows the road as 'High Street'. A map from a Survey by C. J. H. Homer dated 1 January 1857 shows the road as Broad Street.

2. Entry reproduced courtesy of The Wedgwood Museum Trust.

 

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